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Sotah 36

SOTAH 36 - Dedicated by Lawrence and Judy Turkel to Mr. and Mrs. David Kornfeld and their lovely family. May they always be blessed with good health and all that they need.

1) [line 5] NITRAZ - is immediately afflicted with diarrhea
2) [line 5] "ES EIMASI ASHALACH LEFANECHA, V'HAMOSI ES KOL HA'AM ASHER TAVO BAHEM; [V'NASATI ES KOL OYEVECHA ELECHA OREF. V'SHALACHTI ES HA'TZIR'AH LEFANECHA; V'GERSHAH ES HA'CHIVI ES HA'KENA'ANI V'ES HA'CHITI MI'LFANECHA.]" - "I shall send My terror before you, and will I confound all the people into whose midst you shall come; [and I will make all your enemies turn to you the backs of their necks. And I will send the hornet before you; and it will drive out the Chivi, the Kena'ani, and the Chiti, from before you.]" (Shemos 23:27-28)

3a) [line 8] BI'AH RISHONAH - the first coming of Benei Yisrael into Eretz Yisrael in the time of Yehoshua
b) [line 9] BI'AH SHENIYAH - the second coming of Benei Yisrael into Eretz Yisrael in the time of Ezra

4) [line 20] TZIR'AH - a hornet
5) [line 25] "V'ANOCHI HISHMADTI ES HA'EMORI MIPNEIHEM, ASHER K'GOVAH ARAZIM GOVHO, V'CHASON HU KA'ALONIM; VA'ASHMID PIRYO MI'MA'AL V'SHARASHAV MI'TACHAS." - "And I destroyed the Emori before them, whose height was like the height of the cedars, and who was strong like the oaks; yet I destroyed his fruit from above, and his roots from beneath." (Amos 2:9)

6) [line 30] "[V'CHOL YISRAEL U'ZKENAV V'SHOTRIM V'SHOFTAV, OMDIM MI'ZEH UMI'ZEH LA'ARON NEGED HA'KOHANIM HA'LEVIYIM NOSE'EI ARON BRIS HASH-M KA'GER KA'EZRACH CHETZYO EL MUL HAR GERIZIM] VEHA'CHETZYO [EL MUL HAR EIVAL]." - "[And all Yisrael, and their elders, and officers, and their judges, stood on either side of the Ark before the Kohanim the Leviyim who carried the Ark of the Covenant of HaSh-m; the convert as well as he who was born among them; half of them on Har Gerizim,] and half of them [on Har Eival; as Moshe the servant of HaSh-m had commanded before, that they should bless the people of Yisrael]." (Yehoshua 8:33)

7) [line 31] AVNEI EFOD - the gemstones of the Efod (BIGDEI KOHEN GADOL)
(a) The Kohen Gadol must wear the eight vestments of the Kohen Gadol when he does the Avodah in the Beis ha'Mikdash (RAMBAM Hilchos Klei ha'Mikdash 4:12-13). The eight vestments are 1. Tzitz (forehead-plate), 2. Efod (apron), 3. Choshen (breastplate), 4. Me'il (robe), 5. Kutones (long shirt), 6. Michnasayim (breeches), 7. Avnet (belt), 8. Mitznefes (turban).
(b) The Efod was essentially like a half-cape worn at the back, as wide as the body, reaching from just below the elbow to the heel. It had a belt that was an extension of the weave on top of the cape that was also woven out to the sides, long enough to be tied in the front. It also had two shoulder straps that were sewn onto the belt right over the upper corners of the cape. These straps were long enough to reach slightly over the shoulders. At the point on these straps that covered the shoulders, the settings for the Avnei ha'Efod were attached. The ends of these straps were attached to the Choshen with golden braids or chains.
(c) The two Avnei ha'Efod were possibly sardonyx or beryl. The names of six tribes were engraved on each stone. There is a Machlokes Tana'im as to which names, and in which order, were on each stone.

8) [line 34] "SHISHAH MI'SHEMOSAM AL HA'EVEN HA'ECHAS; [V'ES SHEMOS HA'SHISHAH HA'NOSARIM AL HA'EVEN HA'SHENIS K'SOLDOSAM.]" - "Six of their names upon one stone; [and the names of the remaining six upon the other stone, according to their birth.]" (Shemos 28:10) - According to the Tana Kama of the Beraisa, the names Yehudah, Reuven, Shimon, Levi, Dan and Naftali were engraved upon the first stone while Gad, Asher, Zevulun, Yosef and Binyamin were engraved upon the other.


9a) [line 1] CHUMASH HA'PEKUDIM - in Sefer Bamidbar (1:5-15)
b) [line 2] CHUMASH SHENI - Sefer Shemos

10) [line 3] K'SIDRAN - in order, i.e. Reuven, Shimon, Levi, Yehudah, Zevulun, Yisachar
b) [line 3] ECHAD MI'KAN V'ECHAD MI'KAN - one at the beginning and one at the end
c) [line 4] BA'EMTZA - in the middle, i.e. the second stone bore the names of Binyamin, Dan, Naftali, Gad, Asher and Yosef

11) [line 11] BATZREI LEHU! - they are less [than them]!
12) [line 14] "GORAL ECHAD V'CHEVAL ECHAD" - "a single lot and a single portion" (Yehoshua 17:14)

13) [line 19] "BEN PORAS YOSEF, BEN PORAS ALEI AYIN..." - "Yosef is a fruitful bough, a fruitful bough next to a well..." (Bereishis 49:22)

14) [line 20] OLEI AYIN - those who rise above the [Evil] Eye, and vanquish it

15) [line 20] "V'YIDGU LA'ROV B'KEREV HA'ARETZ" - "and let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the land" (Bereishis 48:16)

16) [line 22] CHAMISHIM NAKI CHADA HAVYAN - there are fifty minus one (49)
17) [line 23] "EDUS B'YHOSEF SAMO; B'TZEISO AL ERETZ MITRAYIM..." - "He appointed it as a testimony for Yehosef when he went out over the land of Mitzrayim..." (Tehilim 81:6)

18) [line 28] "VA'YEHI KEHA'YOM HA'ZEH, VA'YAVO HA'BAISAH LA'SOS MELACHTO; V'EIN ISH ME'ANSHEI HA'BAYIS SHAM BA'BAYIS." - "And it came to pass on a certain day, that he came into the house to do his work; and none of the people of the house were there within the house." (Bereishis 39:11)

19) [line 35] DEYUKNO - image
20) [line 37] "VA'TESHEV B'EISAN KASHTO" - "But his bow abode firm" (Bereishis 49:24)

21) [line 38] "VA'YAFOZU ZERO'EI YADAV" - "and his arms were gilded" (Bereishis 49:24)

22) [line 39] SH'YECHAKEK - that his name should be engraved
23) [line 39] "M'YDEI AVIR YAKOV" - "from the hands of the Mighty Power of Yakov" (Bereishis 49:24)

24) [line 40] "MISHAM RO'EH EVEN YISRAEL." - "from there he shepherded [the people of Yisrael and merited to be engraved on] the stone of Yisrael." (Bereishis 49:24)

25) [line 48] VERED - a rose
26) [line 49] ITZTAGNINEI - astrologers
27) [line 50] GENUNEI MALCHUS - the aura of royalty
28) [line 51] LO HAVAH KA'GAMAR - he could not learn them

29a) [line 55] ITSHIL A'SHEVU'ASECH - ask [the Chachamim] that your oath should be revoked
When a person takes an oath or makes a Neder (or designates Chalah, Terumah or Kodshim) or Nezirus, he may have it revoked by a Beis Din of three (if they are not outstanding authorities) or a Yachid Mumcheh (an outstanding authority). The general method used is that Beis Din investigates whether the person would not have made the oath or Neder in the first place had he been aware of a particular fact.

30) [last line] MENATZCHIM - arguing or fighting

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