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Ta'anis 27

TA'ANIS 27, 28, 29, 30 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael

1) [line 24] IKAR SHIRAH B'FEH - "The essential aspect of the songs of the Beis ha'Mikdash is the singing"
(a) Wine libations were brought with many of the Korbanos, as it states in Bamidbar 15:5-10. One of the appointments of the Levi'im in the Beis ha'Mikdash was to sing Tehilim and play musical instruments at the time that the wine were poured into special pipes at the top of the Mizbe'ach ha'Olah. At the time that it was poured on the Mizbe'ach, the Leviyim began singing verses from Tehilim.
(b) There is a Machlokes as to whether the musical instruments are an essential aspect of the songs in the Beis ha'Mikdash. Those who hold that Ikar Shirah b'Feh (the main aspect is the singing) rule that the musical instruments are not necessary, and that instruments may be played by those who are not Leviyim as well as by Leviyim.

2) [line 37] "...BEIS AV ECHAD ACHUZ L'ELAZAR V'ACHUZ ACHUZ L'ISAMAR." - "...one [extra] unit for [each family of] Elazar, but one unit for [one family of] Isamar." (Divrei ha'Yamim I 24:6) - The number of the divisions of the families of Elazar was doubled while the number of the divisions of the families of Isamar remained the same.


3) [line 2] KALFI - a lottery-box
4) [line 16] EGLAH MESHULESHES - three calves
5) [line 25] ASKERA - choking; (O.F. bon malant) quinsy, a severe development of heat, pain, redness and swelling in the throat (RASHI Berachos 40a)

6) [line 28] NOTZRIM - Jews who were mislead and followed the teachings of the Nazarene

7) [line 30] NESHAMAH YESEIRAH - (a) breadth of spirit which relaxes a person and makes him happy and gives him an appetite to eat (RASHI Beitzah 16a); (b) an extra soul upon which rests divine inspiration which gives a person the ability to delve into the Torah (RITVA, SHITAH MEKUBETZES Beitzah ibid.)

8) [line 31] VAI AVDAH NEFESH - woe, the Neshamah Yeseirah has gone
9a) [line 35] DOLEG - he goes back; the second reader goes back and rereads the third verse
b) [line 35] POSEK - he splits the third verse into two; the first person reads until the middle of the third verse and stops, and the second reader continues from there

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