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Sotah 42

SOTAH 42 - This Daf has been sponsored through the generous donation of Rabbi Heshy Wolf of Brooklyn N.Y.


(a) What were they referring to overseas, when they spoke of a 'Galmudah'?

(b) What is the acronym of 'Galmudah'?

(c) How did Rebbi Elazar therefore explain the Pasuk in Iyov "Ki Adas Chenef Galmud"?

(d) And what does he say happens to such a community?

2) Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba lists four groups who will not receive the Shechinah. Two of them are the group of mockers and that of flatterers. He derives the third group from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Dover *Shekarim* Lo Yikon le'Neged Einav". Whilst the fourth group, he derives from the Pasuk there "Ki Lo Keil Chafetz Resha Atah, *Lo Yegurcha Ra*".
To Whom does "Ra" refer?

***** Hadran Alach Eilu Ne'emarin *****

***** Perek Mashu'ach Milchamah *****


(a) The Pasuk in Shoftim "ve'Hayah ke'Koravchem el ha'Milchamah ve'Nigash ha'Kohen" is referring to the Mashu'ach Milchamah.
What do we learn from the Pasuk there ...
  1. ... "ve'Diber el ha'Am"?
  2. ... "ve'Amar Aleihem Sh'ma Yisrael ... *al Oyveichem*"?
(b) What did Oded ha'Navi tell Pekach ben Remalyahu (King of Yisrael) after Yisrael had defeated Yehudah and taken captives?

(c) Did Yisrael obey the Navi's instructions?

(d) Why should we not treat our enemies in the same way?

4) "Al Yeirach Levavchem, Al Tir'u ve'Al Tachpezu, ve'Al Ta'artzu Mipneihem" refers to the various war-cries and noises which the armies of those days used to perform in an effort to instill fear into their enemies.
What is the significance of the Pasuk ...
  1. ... "Ki Hashem Elokeichen ha'Holech Imachem"?
  2. ... "Ki Hashem Elokeichem be'Kirbechem"? What is the difference between our enemies and ourselves in this regard?
(a) We just quoted the Pasuk "ve'Nigash ha'Kohen ve'Diber el ha'Am". which we interpret in light of the Pasuk "ve'Dibru ha'Shotrim".
How does this latter Pasuk explain the former one?

(b) How do we then know that the Pasuk is referring to the Mashu'ach Milchamah and not ...

  1. ... the Kohen Gadol himself?
  2. ... the S'gan Kohen Gadol?
(c) Seeing as the king is superior to the Kohen Gadol, why can the Pasuk not refer to the Kohen Gadol?

(d) The reason that the Mashu'ach Milchamah began his words with "Sh'ma Yisrael" is contained in a statement made by Rebbi Yochanan in the name of Rebbi Shimon ben Yochai.
What did he say?

(a) The Mashu'ach Milchamah spoke twice to the soldiers, once on the border (before the battle commenced), and once on the battlefield.
What did he announce ...
  1. ... on the border?
  2. ... on the battlefield?
(b) The four expressions that we quoted in our Mishnah corresponded to the four things that the enemy used to do.
What is the meaning of ...
  1. ... 'Magifin'?
  2. ... 'Meri'in'?
  3. ... 'Tzevachin'?
  4. ... 'Romsin'?
(c) Why are the clanging of the enemies swords and pounding of their nailed boots not counted?
Answers to questions



(a) To whom was Goli'as referring when he declared "B'ru Lachem *Ish* ve'Yered Elai" (Shmuel)?

(b) How does that explain his name?

(c) What does all this have to do with the Pasuk there "ve'David ben Ish Efrati"?

(a) How did Goli'as inadvertently hint at his own downfall when he said ...
  1. ... "B'ru Lachem Ish ve'Yered Elai"?
  2. ... "Im Yuchal Lehilachem Iti ve'Hikani"?
  3. ... "ha'Kelev Anochi Ki Atah Ba Elai be'Maklos"?
(b) But did David not also begin his response with "Atah Ba Elai be'Cherev u've'Chanis u've'Chidon" (seemingly intimating his own defeat)?

(c) What is the significance of the Pasuk "va'Yigash ha'Pelishti *Hashkem ve'Ha'arev*"?

(d) Why was he given the merit to make his stand for forty days?

(a) According to Rav, the Pasuk refers to Goli'as as "Ish ha'Beinayim", because he was 'Mevuneh mi'Kol Mum' (perfectly built, free of blemish) How does Shmuel explain it?

(b) In the Beis-ha'Medrash of Rebbi Shilo, they ascribed it to the fact that he was shaped like a building.
What does Rebbi Yochanan mean when he explains 'Bar Me'ah Papi ve'Chada Na'ani'?

(c) And his name was Goli'as because he hailed from Gas.
How does the Beraisa, quoted by Rav Yosef, explain 'Gas' metaphorically?

(d) His mother is sometimes called Orpah and sometimes, Harafah. Rav and Shmuel argue over this. One of them says that her real name was Harafah, and she was called Orpah because she made herself Hefker for men to have relations with her unnaturally (face to back of neck [from the word 'Oref', meaning the back of a neck]).
What does the other one say? What are 'Ha'rifos'?

(a) What did Saf, Madon, Goli'as and Yishbi be'Nov all have in common?

(b) Who killed them all?

(c) The Pasuk writes "va'Tishak Orpah la'Chamosah, ve'Rus Davkah Bah". What was Hashem's response?

(d) What did Orpah do to merit four such sons?

(a) Once, describing Goli'as spear, the Navi refers to it as "Eitz Chaniso", and once, as "Cheitz Chaniso".
How does Rebbi Elazar resolve this contradiction?

(b) Then why does the Pasuk take the trouble to describe his strength at all?

(c) The hero of Amon is once referred to as Shovach, and once, as Shofach. Rav and Shmuel argue over this. According to one of them, his real name was Shofach, and he was called Shovach because he was shaped like a dove-cot. What does the other one say?

(a) Regarding the soldiers of Nevuchadnetzar, the Pasuk writes in Yirmiyah "Ashpaso ke'Kever Pasu'ach Kulam Giborim". Rav or Shmuel (some say Rebbi Ami or Rebbi Asi) argue over this. One of them explains that when one of the soldiers would shoot an arrow, it would leave piles of corpses.
How does the other one explain it?

(b) How do we know that this was not due to illness?

(c) We can extrapolate from the fact that we need to answer this - that under normal circumstances, excessive body waste is considered an illness. What are the ramifications of this statement?

(a) Rebbi Ami and Rebbi Asi argue over the Pasuk in Mishlei "Da'agah be'Lev Ish Yasichenah. One of them explains that he should remove what is troubling him from his heart.
How does the other one explain it?

(b) What was the Mashu'ach Milchamah referring to when he told the soldiers that they were unique, because Hashem their G-d went with them into battle?

Answers to questions

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