REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sotah 42
SOTAH 42 - This Daf has been sponsored through the generous donation of
Rabbi Heshy Wolf of Brooklyn N.Y.
(a) What were they referring to overseas, when they spoke of a 'Galmudah'?
Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba lists four groups who will not receive the Shechinah.
Two of them are the group of mockers and that of flatterers. He derives
the third group from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Dover *Shekarim* Lo Yikon
le'Neged Einav". Whilst the fourth group, he derives from the Pasuk there
"Ki Lo Keil Chafetz Resha Atah, *Lo Yegurcha Ra*".
(b) What is the acronym of 'Galmudah'?
(c) How did Rebbi Elazar therefore explain the Pasuk in Iyov "Ki Adas Chenef
(d) And what does he say happens to such a community?
To Whom does "Ra"
***** Hadran Alach Eilu Ne'emarin *****
***** Perek Mashu'ach Milchamah *****
(a) The Pasuk in Shoftim "ve'Hayah ke'Koravchem el ha'Milchamah ve'Nigash
ha'Kohen" is referring to the Mashu'ach Milchamah.
"Al Yeirach Levavchem, Al Tir'u ve'Al Tachpezu, ve'Al Ta'artzu Mipneihem"
refers to the various war-cries and noises which the armies of those days
used to perform in an effort to instill fear into their enemies.
What do we learn from
the Pasuk there ...
(b) What did Oded ha'Navi tell Pekach ben Remalyahu (King of Yisrael) after
Yisrael had defeated Yehudah and taken captives?
- ... "ve'Diber el ha'Am"?
- ... "ve'Amar Aleihem Sh'ma Yisrael ... *al Oyveichem*"?
(c) Did Yisrael obey the Navi's instructions?
(d) Why should we not treat our enemies in the same way?
the significance of the Pasuk ...
- ... "Ki Hashem Elokeichen ha'Holech Imachem"?
- ... "Ki Hashem Elokeichem be'Kirbechem"? What is the difference between our enemies and ourselves in this regard?
(a) We just quoted the Pasuk "ve'Nigash ha'Kohen ve'Diber el ha'Am". which
we interpret in light of the Pasuk "ve'Dibru ha'Shotrim".
How does this
latter Pasuk explain the former one?
(b) How do we then know that the Pasuk is referring to the Mashu'ach
Milchamah and not ...
(c) Seeing as the king is superior to the Kohen Gadol, why can the Pasuk not
refer to the Kohen Gadol?
- ... the Kohen Gadol himself?
- ... the S'gan Kohen Gadol?
(d) The reason that the Mashu'ach Milchamah began his words with "Sh'ma
Yisrael" is contained in a statement made by Rebbi Yochanan in the name of
Rebbi Shimon ben Yochai.
What did he say?
(a) The Mashu'ach Milchamah spoke twice to the soldiers, once on the border
(before the battle commenced), and once on the battlefield.
Answers to questions
What did he
(b) The four expressions that we quoted in our Mishnah corresponded to the
four things that the enemy used to do.
- ... on the border?
- ... on the battlefield?
What is the meaning of ...
(c) Why are the clanging of the enemies swords and pounding of their nailed
boots not counted?
- ... 'Magifin'?
- ... 'Meri'in'?
- ... 'Tzevachin'?
- ... 'Romsin'?
(a) To whom was Goli'as referring when he declared "B'ru Lachem *Ish*
ve'Yered Elai" (Shmuel)?
(b) How does that explain his name?
(c) What does all this have to do with the Pasuk there "ve'David ben Ish
(a) How did Goli'as inadvertently hint at his own downfall when he said ...
(b) But did David not also begin his response with "Atah Ba Elai be'Cherev
u've'Chanis u've'Chidon" (seemingly intimating his own defeat)?
- ... "B'ru Lachem Ish ve'Yered Elai"?
- ... "Im Yuchal Lehilachem Iti ve'Hikani"?
- ... "ha'Kelev Anochi Ki Atah Ba Elai be'Maklos"?
(c) What is the significance of the Pasuk "va'Yigash ha'Pelishti *Hashkem
(d) Why was he given the merit to make his stand for forty days?
(a) According to Rav, the Pasuk refers to Goli'as as "Ish ha'Beinayim",
because he was 'Mevuneh mi'Kol Mum' (perfectly built, free of blemish) How
does Shmuel explain it?
(b) In the Beis-ha'Medrash of Rebbi Shilo, they ascribed it to the fact that
he was shaped like a building.
What does Rebbi Yochanan mean when he
explains 'Bar Me'ah Papi ve'Chada Na'ani'?
(c) And his name was Goli'as because he hailed from Gas.
How does the
Beraisa, quoted by Rav Yosef, explain 'Gas' metaphorically?
(d) His mother is sometimes called Orpah and sometimes, Harafah. Rav and
Shmuel argue over this. One of them says that her real name was Harafah, and
she was called Orpah because she made herself Hefker for men to have
relations with her unnaturally (face to back of neck [from the word 'Oref',
meaning the back of a neck]).
What does the other one say? What are
(a) What did Saf, Madon, Goli'as and Yishbi be'Nov all have in common?
(b) Who killed them all?
(c) The Pasuk writes "va'Tishak Orpah la'Chamosah, ve'Rus Davkah Bah".
What was Hashem's response?
(d) What did Orpah do to merit four such sons?
(a) Once, describing Goli'as spear, the Navi refers to it as "Eitz
Chaniso", and once, as "Cheitz Chaniso".
How does Rebbi Elazar resolve
(b) Then why does the Pasuk take the trouble to describe his strength at
(c) The hero of Amon is once referred to as Shovach, and once, as Shofach.
Rav and Shmuel argue over this. According to one of them, his real name was
Shofach, and he was called Shovach because he was shaped like a dove-cot.
What does the other one say?
(a) Regarding the soldiers of Nevuchadnetzar, the Pasuk writes in Yirmiyah
"Ashpaso ke'Kever Pasu'ach Kulam Giborim". Rav or Shmuel (some say Rebbi Ami
or Rebbi Asi) argue over this. One of them explains that when one of the
soldiers would shoot an arrow, it would leave piles of corpses.
the other one explain it?
(b) How do we know that this was not due to illness?
(c) We can extrapolate from the fact that we need to answer this - that
under normal circumstances, excessive body waste is considered an illness.
What are the ramifications of this statement?
(a) Rebbi Ami and Rebbi Asi argue over the Pasuk in Mishlei "Da'agah be'Lev
Ish Yasichenah. One of them explains that he should remove what is troubling
him from his heart.
Answers to questions
How does the other one explain it?
(b) What was the Mashu'ach Milchamah referring to when he told the soldiers
that they were unique, because Hashem their G-d went with them into battle?