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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sotah 40


(a) In the context of Duchening, when do the Tzibur say the three Pesukim in Tehilim "Hinei Chi-Chein Yevorach Gaver Yerei Hashem"; "Yevarech'cha Hashem mi'Tziyon, u'Re'ei be'Tuv Yerushalayim Kol Yemei Chayecha"; "u'Re'ei Vanim le'Vanecha Shalom al Yisrael"?

(b) According to Rav Yosef, the Tzibur recite one of the three Pesukim (in each of the above respective groups) after each B'rachah.
What does Rav Sheishes say?

(c) In another Machlokes, Rav Mari or Rav Z'vid maintains that they recited one Pasuk after each B'rachah.
What does the other one say?

(a) According to Rebbi Chiya bar Aba, the Tzibur only recite these Pesukim in the Beis-Hamikdash, but not elsewhere.
Why is that?

(b) How does Rav Chanina bar Papa prove that it is wrong to recite them even in the Beis Hamikdash?

(c) And how does Rav Acha bar Chanina prove that one should even recite them outside the Beis-Hamikdash?

(d) Why did Rebbi Avahu initially teach that one should not recite any of the above Pesukim?

(a) What did the wife of Rebbi Avahu's Meturgeman tell Rebbi Avahu's wife?

(b) How did Rebbi Avahu respond to this when his wife told him about it?

(c) This led him to believe that he was humble, until he saw the humility of Rebbi Aba from Acco.
What did Rebbi Aba from Acco do that caused Rebbi Avahu to change his mind?

(d) Why did Rebbi Avahu decline to accept the post of Rosh Yeshivah?

(a) What happened once when Rebbi Avahu and Rebbi Chiya bar Aba arrived at a certain place?

(b) What parable did Rebbi Avahu give (regarding two salesmen) to raise a depressed Rebbi Chiya bar Aba's spirits?

(c) What did he do in an additional attempt to pacify Rebbi Chiya bar Aba?

(d) Did he succeed fully?

(a) Whilst the Shatz is saying 'Modim', there are a host of opinions as to what the Tzibur say. According to Rav, they say 'Modim Anachnu Lach, Hashem Elokeinu ... ', Shmuel adds 'Elokei Chol Basar ... ', until Rav Acha bar Ya'akov, who adds 'Kein Techaneinu u'Sechaneinu ... '.
What do all the opinions have in common?

(b) What is Rav Papa's final ruling?

(a) What does Rebbi Yitzchak extrapolate from the obligation of the Kohanim to face the people, even though it means turning their backs to the Shechinah?

(b) How does Rav Nachman extrapolate the same thing from the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim "va'Yakam ha'Melech David al Raglav, va'Yomer Shim'uni *Achai ve'Ami*"?

(c) The Rabbanan thought to extrapolate the same from the Beraisa which forbids the Kohanim to wear shoes when going up to Duchen (one of the ten Takanos of Raban Yochanan ben Zakai). What might that have to do with Kavod Tzibur?

(d) Rav Ashi refutes their proof, however.
What does he consider the real reason for the prohibition?

Answers to questions



(a) Why did the Kohanim not pause between one B'rachah and the next during the three B'rachos of Birchas Kohanim?

(b) What does the Tana of the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Nechemyah ...

  1. ... "Kumu u'Varchu es Hashem Elokeichem min ha'Olam ve'Ad ha'Olam"?
  2. ... "vi'Yevarchu Sheim Kevodecha u'Meromam al Kol B'rachah u'Sehilah"?
(a) Before the Kohen Gadol Leined on Yom-Kipur, a small ceremony would take place. The Chazan ha'K'nesses would take the Seifer-Torah (that Ezra had written) and hand it to the Rosh ha'K'nesses.
Who was the ...
  1. ... Chazan ha'K'nesses?
  2. ... Rosh ha'K'nesses?
(b) The Rosh ha'K'nesses did not hand it directly to the Kohen Gadol.
To whom did he hand it?

(c) Which two Parshiyos did the Kohen Gadol Lein?

(d) What did he then do with the Sefer-Torah?

(a) What announcement did the Kohen Gadol make before proceeding to Lein by heart?

(b) Why did he ...

  1. ... do that?
  2. ... Lein by heart?
(c) Which Parshah did he Lein by heart?
(a) How many B'rachos did the Kohen Gadol recite after Leining?

(b) After the B'rachah following Leining ('Asher Nasan Lanu Toras Emes ... '), he would recite the B'rachah of Avodah and that of Hodayah.
On what grounds was it necessary to include the latter?

(c) And he added a B'rachah on the Mikdash and one on Yisrael.
Which two B'rachos did he finally recite?

11) Why is there no proof from the Tana of our Mishnah, who obligates the Chazan ha'K'nesses to hand the Sefer-Torah to the Rosh ha'K'nesses, who, in turn, hands it to the S'gan (in the presence of the Kohen Gadol), that one shows deference to one's superior in the presence of a common Rav?


(a) What is the problem with the Mishnah, which states 've'Kohen Gadol Omed u'Mekabel ve'Korei', implying that he had been sitting?

(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Shmuel "va'Yavo ha'Melech David ve'Yeishev Lifnei Hashem"?

(c) What was the reason for this preferential treatment?

(a) According to the Tana Kama of the Beraisa, the Kohen Gadol Leined in the Azarah.
What does Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov learn from the Pasuk in Nechemyah "va'Yikra Bo Lifnei ha'Rechov Asher Lifnei Sha'ar ha'Mayim"?

(b) How does Rav Chisda interpret 'the Azarah' of the Tana Kama (also answering our previous Kashya [with regard to Kohen Gadol sitting in the Azarah])?

Answers to questions

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