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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sotah 39


(a) What does Rava bar Rav Huna learn from the Pasuk in Nechemyah "u'che'Poscho Amdu Kol ha'Am"?

(b) What does "Amdu" mean?

(c) What does Rebbi Zeira Amar Rav Chisda learn from the Pasuk there "ve'Oznei Kol ha'Am el Sefer ha'Torah"?

2) What does Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Se'u Yedeichem Kodesh u'Varchu es Hashem"?


(a) Rebbi Elazar ben Shamua attributed his long life to the fact that he never made the Beis-Hamedrash a Kapendarya and never trod on the heads of the holy people.
What was the third reason for his longevity?

(b) What is 'Kapendarya' the acronym of?

(c) What did he mean when he said that he never trod on the heads of the holy people?

4) Besides the B'rachah that a Kohen recites before Duchening, he also recites one prayer as he goes up to Duchen, and another prayer when he turns round after Duchening.
What does he pray for ...
  1. ... on his way up to Duchen?
  2. ... when he turns round after Duchening?
Answers to questions



(a) When are the Kohanim permitted to bend the joints of their fingers?

(b) Rebbi Zeira Amar Rav Chisda lists the stages of Birchas Kohanim.
What care must be taken by ...

  1. ... the one who announces 'Kohanim'?
  2. ... the Kohanim before reciting the B'rachos of 'Asher Kid'shanu .. '?
  3. ... the Tzibur before responding 'Amen'?
  4. ... the Kohanim before beginning each B'rachah?
(c) When are the Kohanim permitted ...
  1. ... to turn away from the Tzibur?
  2. ... to go down from the Duchan?
(a) And what care does Rebbi Zeira Amar Rav Chisda prescribe before ...
  1. ... the Tzibur respond 'Amen' to the B'rachah of the person who is called up to the Torah?
  2. ... the Ba'al Korei before he begins to Lein?
  3. ... the Meturgeman (translator) before he begins to translate the Pasuk just read by the Ba'al Korei?
  4. ... the Ba'al Korei before he continues to Lein?
(b) What is the reason for these Halachos?
(a) What does Rebbi Tanchum Amar Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi say about the obligation of the person who reads the Haftarah?

(b) Why does he forbid him to begin the Haftarah until the Golel has finished his Mitzvah?

(c) And what does he mean when he says 'Ein Sh'liach Tzibur Rashai Le'hafshit es ha'Teivah be'Tzibur'?

(d) What is the reason for this?

(a) He also forbids the people to leave the Shul before the Sefer-Torah has been picked up to return to its place. Shmuel is even more stringent.
What does *he* say?

(b) How do we reconcile the two opinions, so that they do not argue?

(c) What did bar Ahina learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei "Acharei Hashem Elokeichem Teilechu"?

(a) What is the significance of the three Pesulim in Tehilim ...
1. ... "Borchu Hashem Mal'achav, Giborei Ko'ach"; "Borchu Hashem Kol Tzeva'av, Mesharsav Osei Retzono"; "Borchu Hashem Kol Ma'asav be'Chol Mekomos Memshalto, Borchi Nafshi es Hashem"?
2. ... "Shir ha'Ma'alos, Hinei Borchu es Hashem Kol Avdei Hashem"; "Se'u Yedeichem Kodesh u'Varchu es Hashem"; "Baruch Hashem mi'Tziyon Shochen Yerushalayim Halelukah"?
(b) In the last set of Pesukim, why do the Tzibur substitute the third Pasuk (which is taken from the following chapter) for "Yevarech'cha Hashem mi'Tziyon Oseh Shamayim va'Aretz" (which is written in the same chapter)?

(c) Why should they recite different Pesukim at Shabbos Musaf than at Shachris?

(a) When do the Tzibur recite the Pesukim in Yirmiyah "Im Avoneinu Anu Vanu Hashem, Asei Lema'an Shemecha"; "Mikveh Yisrael Moshi'o be'Eis Tzarah Lamah Sih'yeh ke'Ger ba'Aretz"; "Lamah Sih'yeh ke'Ish Nidham, ke'Gibor Lo Yuchal Le'hoshi'a?"

(b) Why do they recite special Pesukim then?

(c) Why did the Kohanim Duchen at Minchah on a Ta'anis but not otherwise?

Answers to questions

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