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Sotah 37

SOTAH 37 (3 Shevat) - Dedicated l'Iluy Nishmas: R' Zvi ben R' Zev zt'l -- HaRav Hirschel Milner, who passed away on 3 Shevat 5755 (January 4, 1995), by his granddaughter, Chani (Pogrow) Shaw and family.


(a) Rav Yitzchak stated above that Yehudah, who sanctified Hashem's Name in public, merited that his name contained the four letters of the Name of Hashem. Yehudah himself did so by confessing to his role in the episode with Tamar, as we learned in the first Perek.
In what way did his tribe take their cue from him?

(b) This is according to the opinion of Rebbi Yehudah. According to Rebbi Meir, Yehudah was not the first tribe to jump into the sea at all.
What do he learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim ...

  1. ... "Sham Binyamin Tza'ir Rodeim"?
  2. ... "Sarei Yehudah Rigmasam"?
  3. ... "u'Vein Keseifav Shachein"?
(a) Who said "Hoshi'eini Elokim Ki Ba'u Mayim ad Nafesh ... " (Tehilim)?

(b) What was Moshe doing during this time?

(c) What did Hashem reply when Moshe asked him what he needs to do if not to Daven?

(d) What is the connection between the above episode and the Pesukim in Hallel "Haysah Yehudah le'Kodsho Yisrael Mamshelosav. ha'Yam Ra'ah va'Yonos", according to Rebbi Yehudah?

(a) The Pasuk in Ki Savo implies that the tribe of Levi climbed mount Gerizim.
What does the Pasuk in Yehoshua say?

(b) According to Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov, it was the elders of Levi who climbed the mountain, whilst the remainder of the tribe remained below with the Aron. Rebbi Yashiyah says almost the opposite.
What does he say?

(c) Rebbi, following the Pasuk in Yehoshua, maintains that nobody actually climbed either mountain at all.
How does he explain the Pasuk in Ki Savo "Eileh Ya'amdu le'Varech es ha'Am *Al* Har Gerizim"?

(d) What does Rebbi learn from the Pasuk ...

  1. ... "ve'Nasata al ha'Ma'araches Levonah Zakah"?
  2. ... "ve'Sakosa al ha'Aron es ha'Paroches"?
Answers to questions



(a) The Tana of the Beraisa says (regarding the B'rachos and the K'lalos) 'Baruch bi'Ch'lal, Baruch bi'F'rat, Arur bi'Ch'lal, Arur bi'F'rat'.
What is he referring to when he says ...
  1. ... 'K'lal'?
  2. ... 'P'rat'?
(b) Then what is he actually saying?

(c) And what does he mean when he adds 'li'Lmod, u'Lelamed, li'Shmor ve'La'asos'?

(d) What is then the total number of covenants that accompanies each of the Mitzvos at this point?

(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Ki Savo ...
  1. ... "Eileh Divrei ha'B'ris Asher Tzivah Hashem es Moshe"?
  2. ... "Mi'levad ha'B'ris Asher Karas Itam be'Chorev"?
(b) So how many B'risos did Hashem strike with K'lal Yisrael in total?
(a) Rebbi Shimon agrees with the forty-eight covenants, but disagrees with the fact that sixteen of them were made at Har Gerizim and Har Eival.
On what basis does he omit that location from the list of covenants?

(b) Then where was the third set of covenants struck?

(c) In fact, the Tana Kama of the previous Beraisa concurs with Rebbi Yishmael in another Beraisa, whilst Rebbi Shimon holds like Rebbi Akiva there.
Does this mean that according to the former, no covenant at all was made in the Ohel Mo'ed?

(a) Rebbi Shimon ben Yehudah Ish K'far Ako quotes Rebbi Shimon as saying that, in view of the above, every single Jew accepted six hundred and three thousand, five hundred and fifty times forty-eight covenants incorporating Arvus.
What is Arvus?

(b) Rebbi disagrees with the Tana Kama's interpretation of Rebbi Shimon ben Yehudah Ish K'far Ako's quotation of Rebbi Shimon.
What are the ramifications of the same amount of covenants that he adds to Rebbi Shim's list?

(a) Who was Rebbi Yehudah bar Nachmeini?

(b) What problem did he have with the Pasuk "Arur ha'Ish Asher Ya'aseh Pesel u'Maseichah ... "?

(c) So how did he interpret it?

(a) 'Kol ha'Parshah Kulah ... ' does imply however, that Rebbi Yehudah bar Nachmeini learns all the twelve curses in this way (see Agados Maharsha).
How does he interpret in this light, the curses of ...
  1. ... "Shochev Im Chosanto, Eishes Aviv and Achoso"?
  2. ... "Shochev Im Kol Beheimah"?
  3. ... "Mekalel Aviv ve'Imo"?
(b) Having already written "Eileh Ya'amdu le'Varech es ha'Am ... ve'Eileh Ya'amdu Al ha'Kelalah", why does the Torah need to add "ve'Nasata es ha'B'rachah al Har Gerizim ve'es ha'K'lalah Al Har Eival"?

(c) And what do we learn from the fact that "B'rachah u'K'lalah" are written in the singular?

(d) In fact, the Pasuk lists only the K'lalos (and not the B'rachos). From where do we learn that all the Halachic details that pertain to the K'lalos pertain also to the B'rachos?

10) The Hekesh comparing the B'rachos to the K'lalos incorporates five Halachos: that the B'rachos too, must be said by the Levi'im; that they must be announced in a loud voice and in Lashon ha'Kodesh (like the K'lalos).
What are other two?


(a) What is the significance of the fact that Birchas Kohanim is said as three B'rachos outside the Beis-Hamikdash?

(b) Then why in the Beis-Hamikdash, is it said as one B'rachah?

(c) What other difference does the Tana of our Mishnah list between the two as regards ...

  1. ... the way the Kohanim recite it?
  2. ... the Kohanim place their hands?
(d) Why did the Kohanim raise their hands above their heads in the Beis Hamikdash?
(a) The one exception, in this latter Halachah, according to the Tana Kama, is the Kohen Gadol, who does not differentiate between inside the Beis-Hamikdash and outside it.
Why is that?

(b) Rebbi Yehudah disagrees.
What does he learn from the Pasuk in Shemini "va'Yisa Aharon es Yadav el ha'Am va'Yevarchem"?

Answers to questions

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