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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sotah 36

SOTAH 36 - Dedicated by Lawrence and Judy Turkel to Mr. and Mrs. David Kornfeld and their lovely family. May they always be blessed with good health and all that they need.


(a) K'lal Yisrael arrived at Har Gerizim and Har Eival on the same day that they crossed the Yarden. How far is it from the one to the other?

(b) The Torah writes in Mishpatim with regard to the conquest of Cana'an "es Eimasai Ashalach Lefanecha Va'hamosi es Kol ha'Am Asher Tavo Bahem".
How do we explain "Va'hamosi"?

(c) What do we learn from the double expression used by the Pasuk in Beshalach "Ad Ya'avor Amcha Hashem, Ad Ya'avor Am Zu Kanisa"?

(d) Why did this not happen?

(a) What did they do ...
  1. ... after having constructed the Mizbe'ach, before they read the B'rachos and the K'lalos?
  2. ... after having read the B'rachos and K'lalos?
(b) How does Resh Lakish reconcile the Beraisa, which states that the hornet did not cross the Yarden, with the Pasuk "Ve'shalachti es ha'Tzir'ah Lefanecha"?

(c) What function did the hornet then serve?

(d) How does Rav Papa reconcile the Beraisa with the Pasuk?

(a) What does Rav Kahana learn from the Pasuk in Yehoshua (with regard to the tribes on Har Gerizim and Har Eival) "ve'Chol Yisrael ... Chetzyo el Mul Har Gerizim *ve'ha'Chetzyo* el Mul Har Eival"?

(b) The Tana Kama of the Beraisa explains that "ke'Soldosam" which the Torah writes in Tetzaveh, is confined to the second stone of the Eifod, but not the first.
What is it that prevents the names on the second stone from following the order of birth?

(c) If the first three names in their right order on the ...

  1. ... first stone were Yehudah, Reuven and Shimon, what were the remaining three names in their right order?
  2. ... second stone were Gad, Asher and Yisachar, what were the remaining three names in their right order?
(d) How many letters did each stone contain?
Answers to questions



(a) According to Rebbi Chanina ben Gamliel, the stones of the Eifod did not follow the order of birth at all. Then what does "ke'Soldosam" mean?

(b) If the names did not follow the order that they appear at the beginning of Bamidbar, then which order did they follow?

(c) According to Rebbi Chanina ben Gamliel then, the order on the second stone was Binyamin, Dan, Naftali, Gad Asher and Yosef.
What was the order of the names on the first stone?

(a) If the tribes that ascended Har Gerizim were Shimon, Levi, Yehudah, Yisachar, Yosef and Binyamin, which tribes ascended Har Eival?

(b) What do we then prove from the current Beraisa, with regard to Rav Kahana's interpretation of "ve'ha'Chetzyo"?

(c) So what *do* we learn from "ve'ha'Chetzyo" (written in connection with Har Eival)?

(d) Why were the numbers on Har Gerizim more numerous than those on Har Eival? What did the Tana of the Beraisa mean when he ascribed this to the fact that (part of Levi) remained at the foot of the mountain?

(a) Why did the tribe of Menasheh complain to Yehoshua?

(b) How did they respond when Yehoshua advised them to go and live in the forests to avoid Ayin ha'Ra (though this was not a real solution to their problem, which was not in his hands to solve)?

(c) Rebbi Avahu explains the Pasuk in Va'yechi "Ben Poras Yosef, *Ben Poras Alei Ayin*" to mean that Yosef's descendants will increase rapidly because they are not subject to Ayin ha'Ra.
From where does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina learn this?

(a) We learned earlier that there were twenty-five letters on each stone of the Eifod. Initially, there would appear to be only twenty-four on the second stone.
On what grounds do we reject the suggestion that, based on the Pasuk in Tehilim "Eidus bi'Yehosef Samo", Yosef had an extra 'Vav'?

(b) Then how do we account for the twenty-fifth letter?

(c) Yosef earned the extra 'Vav' (causing his name to contain three of the four letters of Hashem's Name) because he sanctified Hashem's Name (in private).
What did he do?

(a) Rebbi Yochanan interprets the Pasuk in Va'yeishev "Va'yehi ke'ha'Yom ha'Zeh, Va'yavo ha'Baysah *La'asos Melachto*" to mean that Yosef actually entered the house with the express intention of committing adultery with Potifera's wife. Rav or Shmuel also agrees with Rebbi Yochanan's explanation. How does the other Amora interpret it?

(b) The Torah records that "ve'Ein Ish me'Anshei ha'Bayis Sham ba'Bayis". How is it possible that such a prestigious household should be devoid of people?

(c) How did Potifera's wife exploit the situation?

(a) What inspired Yosef to desist from sinning?

(b) What did his father say to him?

(c) How does Rebbi Yochanan quoting Rebbi Meir explain the Pasuk in Va'yechi ...

  1. ... Va'tashav be'Eisan Kashto"?
  2. ... "Va'yafozu Zero'ei Yadav"?
  3. ... "Midei Avir Ya'akov"?
  4. ... "mi'Sham Ro'eh Even Yisrael"?
(d) Yosef resembled his father in many ways (as the Torah testifies "Eileh Toldos Ya'akov, Yosef").
What caused him to forfeit fathering twelve children like him?
(a) How, in a certain sense, did the remaining ten sons descend from him anyway?

(b) Binyamin named his first two sons 'Bela' and 'Becher', after Yosef, who was swallowed up among the nations and who was the first-born son of his mother.
Why did he call ...

  1. ... his third son 'Ashbel'?
  2. ... his fourth son 'Geira'?
  3. ... his fifth son 'Na'aman'?
(c) It is obvious why he called his sixth and seventh sons 'Eichi' and 'Rosh'.
Why did he call ...
  1. ... his eighth son 'Mupim'?
  2. ... his ninth son 'Chupim'?
  3. ... and his tenth son 'Ard'?
(a) What did Paroh reply when his astrologers objected to Yosef ruling, on the grounds that he was a slave whose master had purchased him for twenty silver pieces?

(b) What happened when they demanded that he should at least be conversant in the seventy languages? Was he?

(c) What is the significance of the Pasuk in Tehilim "Eidus bi'Yehosef Samo" in this regard (although earlier, we explained it differently)?

(d) How did Yosef actually gain the upper hand over Paroh?

12) Paroh made Yosef swear that he would not divulge the fact that Yosef knew a language that he did not.
How would Yosef exploit this seventeen years later?

Answers to questions

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