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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sotah 47

SOTAH 47, 48 - have been anonymously dedicated by a very special Marbitz Torah and student of the Daf from Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.


(a) What is the connection between the death of the youths killed by Elisha and the Korbanos brought by Balak king of Mo'av in the Name of Hashem?

(b) What positive reward did Balak receive for bringing those Korbanos? What is the connection between Balak, Eglon, Rus and Shlomoh?

(c) Considering the latter reward, why did the forty-two youths also die?

(a) Seeing as the water of Yericho was bad, and people died there, why did the residents refer to it as a good land?

(b) Which other two things that always tend find favor with the owner did Rebbi Yochanan include in his list?

(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Melachim "ve'Elisha *Chalah" es *Cholyo* *Asher Yamus Bah*"?

(b) If the last illness was the one from which he died, how do we account for the other two?

(c) What mistake did Elisha make with regard to his handling of his servant Geichazi?

(d) What does the Tana of the Beraisa say he should have done?

(a) Elisha accused Geichazi of taking eight items from Na'aman, the Syrian general.
How many items did he really take from him?

(b) Then why did Elisha list eight?

(c) Who were the four Metzora'im outside the gates of Shomron?

(a) Elisha went to Damascus in order to bring Geichazi back into the fold. Did he succeed? What was Geichazi's response?

(b) Some say that Geichazi caused others to sin by using a magnet to lift Yeravam ben Nevat's calf into the air, conveying the impression that it was Divine.
How do others present a different version of the same sin?

(c) What is the connection between the third version of Geichazi's sin and the complaint of the B'nei ha'Nevi'im that there was not sufficient room in the Beis Hamedrash?

(a) When Yanai ha'Melech fell out with the Chachamim, his wife hid Shimon ben Shetach (her brother).
Where did Yehoshua ben P'rachyah escape to?

(b) What did Shimon ben Shetach mean when he sent him the message 'From me Yerushalayim the holy city, to you Alexandria my sister. My husband is dwelling in you and I am desolate'? Why did he refer to Yehoshua ben P'rachyah (in the name of Yerushalayim) as 'my husband'?

(c) When they arrived at an inn on their homeward journey, Yehoshua ben P'rachyah praised the good of the proprietress.
What did his Talmid respond to this that resulted in his being placed in Cherem accompanied by the blowing of four hundred Shofros?

(d) What caused that Talmid (Yeshu) to believe that Yehoshua ben P'rachyah had rejected him?

(a) After he worshipped a brick, Yehoshua ben P'rachyah tried to bring him back to the fold.
What was his response?

(b) In what way did Yeshu cause the people to sin?

(c) What are the three things that one should at worst, reject with the left hand and draw back with the right?

(a) If the murderer is found before the Eglah Arufah's neck has been cut, the Eglah Arufah goes out to Chulin, says the Tana of our Mishnah.
How do we reconcile this with the ruling that forbids deriving any benefit from the Eglah from the moment is taken down to the Nachal Eisan?

(b) If the murderer is found after the Eglah Arufah's neck has already been cut, what happens to ...

  1. ... the Eglah?
  2. ... the murderer?
(c) What does the Tana say in a case where ...
  1. ... one witness claims that he saw the murderer and another witness claims that this is untrue?
  2. ... one women claimed that she saw the murderer and another woman claims that it is untrue
  3. ... one witness claimed that he saw the murderer and two witnesses claim that he did not?
  4. ... two witnesses claim that they saw the murderer and one claims that he did not?
(a) When did the Eglah Arufah cease to function?

(b) The first of these was Eliezer ben Dina'i.
What is the connection between Eliezer ben Dina'i, Techinah ben Perishah and ben ha'Ratzchan?

(c) When did the Mei Sotah cease to function? Which Tana stopped its use?

(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Hoshei'a "Lo Efkod al B'noseichem Ki Siznenah ve'Al Kaloseichem Ki Sinafenah ... "?

(a) What came to an end with the death of Yossi ben Yo'ezer Ish Tz'reidah and Yossi ben Yochanan Ish Yerushalayim?

(b) What was the first Torah Machlokes about?

(c) Which Mitzvah did Yochanan Kohen Gadol negate?

(d) He also canceled the Me'orerin and the Nokfin (which will be explained later in the Sugya).
What does the Tana of our Mishnah mean when he says that in his day ...

  1. ... the hammer used to bang in Yerushalayim?
  2. ... it became unnecessary to ask about D'mai?
Answers to questions


11) What does the Tana of the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk ...

  1. ... in Mas'ei "ve'la'Aretz Lo Yechupar le'Dam Asher Shupach Bah Ki Im be'Dam Shofcho"?
  2. ... in Shoftim "Lo Noda Mi Hikahu"?
  3. ... "ve'Eineinu Lo Ra'u" (Rebbi Akiva)?
(The Sugya of 'Eid Echad' is a replica of the Sugya that we learned above 31b.)


(a) Why did they cancel the Eglah Arufah when the murderers increased and became known?

(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk (in connection with the Sotah) "ve'Nikah ha'Ish me'Avon"?

(c) Having quoted the Pasuk ...

  1. ... "ve'Nikah ha'Ish me'Avon", why does the Tana go on to quote the Pasuk "Lo Efkod al Benoseichem Ki Siznenah ... "?
  2. ... "Lo Efkod al Benoseichem Ki Siznenah ... ", why does he find it necessary to quote the Pasuk "Ki Heim Im ha'Zonos Yipareidu ve'Im ha'Kedeishos Yizaveichu"?
(d) And what does Rebbi Elazar learn from the conclusion of that Pasuk "ve'Am Lo Yavin Yilbat"?
(a) Why did running after personal pleasures result in the breakdown of law and order, and cause Hashem to derive no Nachas (satisfaction) from His world?

(b) When the judges began to show favoritism in judgment, they began to fear the powerful, to lose their integrity and man's rule took over from that of G-d.
What caused ...

  1. ... G-d to vent His anger against Yisrael and to remove His Shechinah from them?
  2. ... people to lose their perception of what is good and what is bad?
  3. ... all the woes enumerated in Yeshayah 5 to materialize.
(c) Drawing in their spittle resulted in an increase of snobs and a decrease in Torah-study.
What is drawing spittle indicative of?

(d) The women of that time became attracted to these snobs.
How do we reconcile this with the statement that a conceited man is not even accepted by his wife?

(a) What did the judges do that caused ...
  1. ... judicial corruption, perversion of justice and the stopping of good from Yisrael?
  2. ... complete anarchy, the breakdown of all social barriers and the weakening of the (Jewish) ruling power?
(b) The increase of misers and grabbers (robbers) brought about hard-hearted characters and people who refused to lend money to those who needed it. Women strutting around with outstretched necks and with painted eyes brought about a potential increase in Mei Sotah.
Why did this not in fact, not materialize?

(c) What else was cut short and why (based on the Pasuk in Mishlei "ve'Sonei Matanos Yichyeh")?

(d) Why did a growth in the Talmidim of Shamai and Hillel result in a growth in Machlokes? Which bad Midah did this indicate?

15) What was the result of Jews accepting Tzedakah from Nochrim?

Answers to questions

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