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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sotah 24

SOTAH 21-25 - These Dafim have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham-Fauer in honor of the first Yahrzeit (18 Teves 5761) of her father, Reb Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner). May the merit of supporting and advancing the study of the Talmud be l'Iluy Nishmaso.

1) What distinction does the Tana of our Mishnah draw between the following two groups 'ha'Omeres Temei'ah Ani Lach', 've'she'Ba'u Lah Eidim she'Hi Temei'ah', ve'ha'Omeres Eini Shosah' on the one hand; and 'Amar Ba'alah Eini Mashkeh', 've'she'Ba'alah Ba Alehah ba'Derech', on the other?


(a) According to Beis Shamai, in the event that the Sotah's husband dies before she has managed to bring the Mei Sotah, she receives her Kesuvah and does not drink. What do Beis Hillel mean when they say 'O Shosos O Lo Notlos Kesuvah'?

(b) Why is a woman whose husband died no longer obligated to drink?

(c) According to Rebbi Meir, a pregnant or feeding woman whose husband married her without waiting the required time-period, who then becomes a Sotah, neither drinks nor does she receive her Kesuvah.
Why does she not drink?

(d) On what grounds do the Chachamim require her to drink?

(a) According to the Chachamim, an Aylonis, an old woman and one who cannot have children, neither drink not receive their Kesuvah.
What is meant by a woman who cannot have children?

(b) On what grounds does Rebbi Eliezer require this group of women to drink?

(c) Why must we establish 'Eishes S'ris Shoseh', by a man who became a S'ris only after the marriage?

(a) Does a woman become a Sotah if the man she secludes herself with is a close relative.

(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk "Ve'shachav *Ish* Osach"?

(a) What do the wife of a deaf or a demented man, and one whose husband is in jail have in common?

(b) What are the ramifications of their warning? Will they later make her drink the Mei Sotah?

(c) Why, in the latter case, can the husband not subsequently make her drink the Mei Sotah when he goes free?

(d) On what basis does Rebbi Yossi disagree?

(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Naso "Daber el B'nei Yisrael *Ve'amarta Aleihem*" (regarding an Arusah and a Shomeres Yavam)?

(b) Rebbi Yashiyah precludes an Arusah from the Pasuk "Tachas Ishech".
What does he include from "Ish Ish"?

(c) Why does he prefer to include a Shomeres Yavam and exclude an Arusah (rather than vice-versa)?

(a) Rebbi Yonasan precludes a Shomeres Yavam from "Tachas Ishech".
What does he preclude from "Asher Tisteh Ishah *Tachas Iyshah"?

(b) We just explained why Rebbi Yashiyah precludes an Arusah rather than a Shomeres Yavam. On what basis does Rebbi Yonasan preclude first a Shomeres Yavam (and only then an Arusah)?

(c) Who then, is the author of our Mishnah, which precludes both an Arusah and a Shomeres Yavam from drinking?

(d) Which three cases does Rebbi Yonasan then include from "Ish Ish"?

Answers to questions



(a) What does Rebbi Yashiyah learn from "Tachas Iyshah"?

(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Naso "Mibal'adei Ishech"?

(c) In that case, why do we need a Pasuk to preclude an Arusah from drinking? Why can we not preclude it anyway, because the adulterer was intimate with her before her husband was?

(a) We just established the D'rashah that precludes an Arusah by an Arus who was intimate with his Arusah before their marriage.
What is the problem with establishing a Shomeres Yavam in the same way?

(b) We resolve this problem by restricting it to the opinion of Rav.
What does Rav say with regard to a Yavam who had relations with the Yevamah without intending to perform Yibum with her?

(c) So like whom do we establish the D'rashah?

(d) Does this mean that ...

  1. ... Rav follows the opinion of Rebbi Yashiyah (who holds that a Shomeres Yavam drinks)?
  2. ... Shmuel follows the opinion of Rebbi Yonasan (who holds that she does not)?
Answers to questions

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