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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sotah 22

SOTAH 21-25 - These Dafim have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham-Fauer in honor of the first Yahrzeit (18 Teves 5761) of her father, Reb Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner). May the merit of supporting and advancing the study of the Talmud be l'Iluy Nishmaso.


(a) Rebbi Elazar ben P'das refers to someone who has learned Chumash and Mishnah but not Gemara, as an Am ha'Aretz.
What are the ramifications of this title?

(b) Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeini calls him a Bur and Rebbi Yanai, a Kuti.
What is the difference between ...

  1. ... an Am ha'Aretz and a Bur (see Agados Maharsha)?
  2. ... an Am ha'Aretz and a Kuti?
(c) Rav Acha bar Ya'akov calls him a Magush and Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak agrees with him.
What is 'a Magush'? What are its implications here?
(a) Rebbi Meir in a Beraisa, defines an Am ha'Aretz as someone who does not read the Sh'ma with the B'rachos each day (Rashi appears not to have had 'with the B'rachos' in his text) see Agados Maharsha.
How do the Chachamim and ben Azai respectively define it?

(b) Rebbi Yonasan ben Yosef defines an Am ha'Aretz as someone who does not educate his children to study Torah, and Acheirim, in the same way as Rebbi Elazar ben P'das (whose opinion, we saw earlier).
What is the Pasuk ...

  1. ... in Yirmiyah "Ve'zara'ti es Beis Yisrael ve'es Beis Yehudah Zera Adam ve'Zera Beheimah" referring to? What are the connotations of "Zera Beheimah", according to Acheirim?
  2. ... in Mishlei referring when it writes "Yerei es Hashem, B'ni u'Melech, ve'Im *Shonim* Al Tis'arev", according to Rebbi Yitzchak?
(c) Why did Shlomoh give his son Rechavam this advice?

(d) If not for Rebbi Yitzchak, we would have established "Shonim" like Rav Huna. What does Rav Huna say?

(a) What is the Pasuk in Chavakuk "Halichos Olam Lo" referring to?

(b) How does Rebbi Yehoshua then reconcile the statement 'ha'Tana'im Mevalei Olam' with this Pasuk?

(a) How did Rebbi Yochanan learn ...
  1. ... fear of sin from a young virgin?
  2. ... the concept of reward from a widow?
(b) How do we reconcile the latter with the Tana of a Beraisa, who includes a praying woman in his list of those who destroy the world? Who was Yuchni bas Retivi?

(c) The Tana also included an Almanah Shovavis.
What does this mean?

(a) He finally listed a minor whose years are not yet completed. Some explain this to mean a disciple who rebels against his Rebbe. Rebbi Aba connects it with a statement by Rebbi Avahu Amar Rav Huna Amar Rav.
What does he learn from the Pasuk in Mishlei ...
  1. ... "Ki Rabim Chalalehah Hipilah"?
  2. ... "va'Atzumim Kol Harugehah"?
(b) Until what age is one considered unfit to issue rulings?

(c) Then on what grounds did Rabah issue rulings for a number of years (considering that he died at the age of forty)?

Answers to questions



(a) The Beraisa lists seven Perushin.
What do they have in common? When does 'Perushin' mean?

(b) What is Parush ...

  1. ... Shichmi?
  2. ... Nakfi?
(c) Parush Kiza'i is someone who pretends to close his eyes so as not to look at women, banging his head against the wall in the process.
What is 'Parush Maduchya'?

(d) Parush 'Mah Chovasi' seems to be a good thing.
What does he really mean to say?

(a) What is ...
  1. ... Parush me'Ahavah'?
  2. ... Parush mi'Yir'ah'?
(b) Abaye and Rava instructed the Beraisa-expert to erase them from the text because of what Rav Yehudah Amar Rav said.
What did he say?
(a) What did Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak say about those people who 'cover their heads with a Talis'? What did he mean by that?

(b) Yanai ha'Melech told his wife 'Sh'lomis' on his death-bed that she need fear neither the P'rushim nor the Tzedokim.
Why might she have had reason to fear the P'rushim?

(c) Then why did Yanai instruct her not to be afraid of them?

(d) Who was he referring to when he said 'Osin Ma'aseh Zimri u'Mevakshin S'char ke'Pinchas'?

(a) For which two reasons does Rebbi Shimon in our Mishnah reject the concept of merits protecting a Sotah from punishment?

(b) What would happen to a woman who had merits, according to Rebbi?

10) What happens to a Sotah's Minchah should it become Tamei ...
  1. ... before it is placed in a K'li Sha'res? What happened with the money?
  2. ... afterwards? Why can it not be redeemed?
Answers to questions

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