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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sotah 19

***** Perek Hayah Notel *****


(a) After bringing the Sotah's Korban Minchah to the Beis Hamikdash in a wickerwork basket, what would her husband do with it?

(b) How come that her husband did this and not a Kohen?

(c) Who waved the Minchah after it had been placed in the K'li Sha'res?

(a) What did the Kohen then do before burning the Kemitzah on the Mizbei'ach?

(b) What happened to the remainder of the Minchah?

(c) At that point, the Kohen would give the Sotah the water to drink.
What does Rebbi Shimon learn from the Pasuk "va'Achar Yashkeh es ha'Ishah es ha'Mayim"?

(d) Will the Minchah be Pasul if he makes her drink the water first?

(a) When Rebbi Elazar asked Rebbi Yashiyah not to sit down before he had cited the source of the Tenufah by a Minchas Sotah to which Rebbi Yashiyah was he referring?

(b) As a matter of fact, the Torah explicitly mentions Tenufah in this regard.
So what was Rebbi Elazar asking Rebbi Yashiyah?

(c) He replied that we learn a 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Ve'lakach ha'Kohen *mi'Yad* ha'Ishah" (by Sotah) "Yadav Yevi'enah" (Tzav - by Shelamim).
In what respect does he also use the 'Gezeirah-Shavah to learn Shelamim from Sotah?

4) How can the Tana Kama state 'Hayah Mashkeh ve'Achar-Kach Makriv es Minchasah', seeing as the Tana has already said 'Ve'Hiktir' (how can one sacrifice a Korban that has already been sacrificed)?

Answers to questions



(a) Do we ever force a Sotah to drink after she has admitted that she is guilty?

(b) The order of Pesukim in the Torah is "u'Machah", "ve'Hishkah es ha'Ishah", "Ve'Heinif", "Ve'hikriv", "Ve'kamatz" "Ve'Achar Yashkeh es ha'Ishah ... ", "Ve'hishkah es ha'Mayim".
Why does Rebbi Akiva consider the third Pasuk "Ve'hishkah es ha'Mayim" to be crucial in the order of events rather than the first one "ve'Hishkah es ha'Ishah"?

(c) Then what does he learn from the first Pasuk?

(d) Seeing as the Kohen would only write the Parshah at the last moment before the Sotah drank, and she is only supposed to drink after her Korban has been brought, how is it possible for the Sotah to say 'Eini Shosah' after the Name of Hashem has been blotted out, even before her Korban has been brought?

(a) Like whom does Rebbi Akiva hold with regard to their Machlokes as to whether a Sotah drinks before or after her Minchah has been brought, the Rabbanan or Rebbi Shimon?

(b) Rebbi Akiva learns the basic order from the third Pasuk "Ve'hishkah es ha'Mayim". Where does Rebbi Shimon learn it from?

(c) Which three things therefore, are required before she is able to drink?

(d) How can Rebbi Shimon list ...

  1. ... the erasing of the Name in the water as one of the three things? Is it not obvious that as long as it has not been blotted out, there is nothing for her to drink?
  2. ... her acceptance of the Shevu'ah in the list, when Rava has already taught that it is not only the drinking that may not take place before the Sotah has accepted the oath, but that even the writing of the Name is prohibited beforehand?
(a) From where do the Rabbanan derive that the Sotah drinks the water before her Korban has been brought?

(b) They learn from the second Pasuk ("ve'Achar Yashkeh ... ") that she only drinks if the Name has been completely erased.
What do they learn from the third Pasuk ("Ve'hishkah es ha'Mayim")?

(c) How did the Kohen force her to drink the water?

(d) Rebbi Shimon explains the third Pasuk like the Rabbanan. What does he learn from the first Pasuk ("ve'Hishkah es ha'Ishah")?

(a) In which point does Rebbi Akiva disagree with Rebbi Shimon?

(b) In another Beraisa, Rebbi Akiva queries Rebbi Yehudah, who says that, once the Megilah has been erased, the Kohen forces the Sotah to drink the water.
What is his objection to this?

(c) At which point does Rebbi Akiva agree with Rebbi Yehudah that the Kohen forces her?

(a) When in fact, does Rebbi Akiva hold that ...
  1. ... the Kohen never forces her to drink?
  2. ... he forces her after her Minchah has been brought but not before?
(b) Then why, according to Rebbi Akiva, does he not make her drink even *before* her Minchah has been brought if she trembles as she refuses?

(c) In the earlier Beraisa, Rebbi Akiva obligated the Sotah to drink if she refused to drink after the Megilah was erased, even if it was performed before her Minchah was brought.
Is he speaking when she is calm or when she is trembling?

10) How do we finally reconcile Rebbi Akiva in the previous Beraisa, who says that it is only after the Kometz has been brought that the Kohen forces the Sotah to drink against her will, with what we learned above, that he forces her to drink as soon as the Megilah has been erased?

Answers to questions

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