A Drop Of Dikduk

Rabbi Mordechai Terebelo

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Parshas Vayigash

The Statement: Bereishis 45:24 "Vayeshalach Es Echav" And he sent his brothers. The Rashbam comments on the difference between the words Vayishlach and Vayeshalach. The Rashbam comments that the word Vayishlach has no Dagesh in the Lamed. This is in contrast to the word Vayeshalach that does have a Dagesh in the Lamed. The Rashbam continues to say that the word Vayishlach is an expression of sending something out that will be brought back. An example is Bereishis 8:8 "Vayishlach Es Yado" And Noach stretched out his hand. In that instance he was sending out his hand but he would bring it back soon thereafter. Since the sent object will immediately be brought back it uses the word Vayishlach.

The word Vayeshalach is used in the Rashbam's opinion when there is an escort. In our Posuk the brothers were escorted out, therefore the word Vayeshalach is used. Other commentaries see in the word Vayeshalach a more final type of sending. A sending that will not return to the one that sent it. The Sforno understands our Posuk and the word Vayeshalach as a sending that is freeing them and giving them permission to leave. According to all the commentaries the word Vayeshalach is a strong form of sending.

One may see also that Vayeshalach is a stronger form of sending then Vayishlach from their Binyanim. Vayishlach is from the Binyan Kal. This Binyan represents actions done lightly and without a tremendous amount of force. Therefore the sending that it means is a rather light sending, one that may return to the sender.

The word Vayeshalach is from the Binyan Peeale. This Binyan places a Dagesh in the second letter of the Shoresh unless the letter does not take a Dagesh, such as an Alef. The Binyan of Peeale gives intent and stress to the action done. It is part of the Binyamin which are Kaved. In the case of Vayeshalach it tells us that it was sent away with the intent never to return. The stress and intent of the action may also mean to send with an escort as the Rashbam explains in our Posuk, or the freeing and giving of permission to leave as others understand.

Rabbi Terebelo is Rav of Young Israel of Lawrenceville 5th grade Rebbi at Yeshiva Shaarei Tzion of Piscataway NJ Member Kollel of Beth Medrash Govoha and Director of Partners in Torah Program of Lawrenceville NJ

Courtesy of JewishAmerica (www.JewishAmerica.com)

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