A Drop Of Dikduk

Rabbi Mordechai Terebelo

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Parsha Miketz

The Statement: Perek 43:15 "U'Mishnah Kesef" And the double silver.

The Rule: We discussed last week that the rule is that a word beginning with BGD CFS that follows a word ending in AHOY automatically turns the Dagesh to a soft sound. To review, when the letters "Bet" "Gimmel" "Dalet" "Chaf" "Pay" or "Saf" are in the beginning of a word and are preceded by any one of the letters "Alef" "Heh" "Vav" or "Yud" at the end of the previous word, then the BGD CFS loses its Dagesh and becomes soft.

The Problem: The word U'Mishneh ends with a Heh. If so, following the BGD CFS rule the following word should be with a Chaf, a soft sound without a Dagesh, since it is preceded by a word that ends with a Heh. The Solution: This brings us to a further qualification in the BGD CFS rule. That is the exception called "Dachik." If the word preceding the BGD CFS is a "Dachik" meaning a compressed word, the following word will not follow the BGD CFS rule. In this instance the hyphen between the words U'Mishneh and Kesef connect the words and make them like one long word. It compresses them into one word. The "Heh" at the end of U'Mishneh is not considered the end of the word since the words have been compressed into one. Since the "Heh" is not considered to be there, for this reason the BGS CFS rule becomes null and void and the following word begins with a Dagesh sound.

For further info on BGD CFS rule: see Parshas Vayeshev

Rabbi Mordechai Terebelo is Rav of Congregation Young Israel of Lawrenceville New Jersey He is also a Rebbe in Bezalel Hebrew Day School of Lakewood New Jersey and a member of the Kollel of Beth Medrash Govoha

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