A Drop Of Dikduk

Rabbi Mordechai Terebelo

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Parshas Lech Lecha

The Statement: Bereishis Perek 13 Posuk 13: "V'Anshai Sodom Raim V'chataim LaHashem Meode" And the people of Sodom were wicked and sinful to Hashem exceedingly." Rashi explains this to mean that they were "Ra" with their bodies, "Chataim" with their money, and "LaHashem" refers to the specific sin of rebelling against Hashem. . Rashi understands the word LaHashem as being a separate sin and not merely the object of Raim and Chataim. Therefore there are three distinct sins mentioned in this Posuk according to Rashi.

The Proof: One may actually deduce the explanation of Rashi from the Taamim on the Posuk. The words V'anshei Sodom (The people of Sodom) have a Zakef Koton combination since they are one unit. The word Raim has a Tipcha, followed by an Esnachta on the word Chataim, and last a Tipcha on the word LaHashem. Had LaHashem just been the object of the sin and wickedness, then it would not have been divided from the words Raim and Chataim. Since the Taam separates LaHashem from the words Raim and Chataim (with the biggest of the Taam Mafsikim, the Esnachata) it is pointing to a separate sin of LaHashem which Rashi tells us were acts of rebellion towards Hashem. See Drop of Dikduk Parsha BeHaaloscha for the rule when Lamah is accented on the first syllable and when on the second. We have in this week's Parsha Perek 12 Posuk 18-19 a case where it is accented once on the first syllable and once on the second syllable.

Rabbi Terebelo is Rav of Young Israel of Lawrenceville 5th grade Rebbi at Yeshiva Shaarei Tzion of Piscataway NJ Member Kollel of Beth Medrash Govoha and Director of Partners in Torah Program of Lawrenceville NJ

Courtesy of JewishAmerica (www.JewishAmerica.com)

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