A Drop Of Dikduk

Rabbi Mordechai Terebelo

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Parshas Ki Saitzai

The Statement: Devarim Perek 21:11 "Aishas Yefas Toar" a woman of beauty. Rashi notes that one is permitted to take in the course of war even a woman who has been previously married.

The Rule: In the Torah we have a concept of Semichos. It is used when a noun is leaning on or belongs to another noun. It is used in place of the word Shel which means belonging to. Semichos can be expressed in many ways sometimes with a Yud at the end of the wordsuch as Bnai Yisroel "the children of Yisroel." It can be expressed by changing the vowels such as Bayit turning into Bays to show that the house belongs to someone. It can also be expressed by adding a Tav at the end of the word. Shenas Hamaasar "the year of tithes" instead ofusing the words Shanah shel Maasar.

The Answer: In our Posuk the Torah uses the words Aishas Yefas Toar. The word Aishas is a Somuch or a leaning word. It should be connected to the next word and show subordination to the word thatl follows. Yet the words Yefas Toar (beauty) are not connected to the word Aishas. Therefore Rashi understood that the word Aishas isindependent. It is a Somuch to a word that is not in the Posuk, it is leaning on the word Eesh man which is not in the Posuk. The Posuk is saying that even if she is an Aishas Eesh previously married she may still be taken in the war. The word Eesh is self understood. The word Aishas is a Somuch attached to the word Eesh and the word Eesh isself understood.

The Proof: One may see this from the Taam also. The Taam under the word Aishas is a Tipcha which is a Taam Mafsik. This tells us that the word Aishas is not attached to the word Yefas Toar as is usually the case in a Somuch situation. In our case since the word Aishas is not Somuch to the following word the Taam does not connect them.

To reach Rabbi Terebelo you can email him at the following address: mterebelo@juno.com

Courtesy of JewishAmerica (www.JewishAmerica.com)

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