A Drop Of Dikduk

From
Rabbi Mordechai Terebelo

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Parsha Bo

The Statement: Perek 12:5 "Seh Samim Zachar Ben Shanah Yeehyeh Lachem Min Hakevasim Min Haeezim Tikachu" A sheep complete, male, one year old, should be for you, from the sheep or goats you should take.

The Rule: A Tevir is a Taam that is a Mafsik. (denotes a pause after it) A Tevir is preceded sometimes by a Darga and sometimes by a Marecha. (See Vilna Gaon's Dikdukei Torah on the word Vayar) The Darga is used to precede the Tevir when there are two or more syllables between the two Taamim, the Darga and the Tevir.(Shva Naah also counts as a syllable) The Marcha is used to precede the Tevir when there is only one syllable between the two Taamim.

The Problem: The Taam of "Seh Samim" is a Darga Tevir with a Tevir under the Mem of "Samim." Being this the case, there is only one syllable between the Taamim and the correct Taamim should be Marecha Tevir which is used when there is only one syllable between Taamim.

The Solution: Rav Yakov Kamenetsky in Emes L'Yakov says that although there is a Mesorah (tradition) that the Taam is Darga Tevir, contrary to the rule that dictates it should be a Marecha Tevir, there is a reason for this exception. Rav Yakov explains that the word "Seh" is really connected to the end of the Posuk which says Min Hakevasim and Min Haeezim for they define what type of sheep should be taken. In the explanation of the Posuk, the word "Seh" belongs together with the words Min Hakevasim and Min Haeezim and separated from the word Samim. Since when explaining the Posuk, Seh and Samim are separated from each other, they are treated as if there are two syllables between them. Therefore the Taam Darga Tevir which is generally used for words with two syllables separating them is used here also.

Courtesy of JewishAmerica (www.JewishAmerica.com)


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