REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Zevachim 48
ZEVACHIM 47-50 - Dedicated to the leaders and participants in the Dafyomi
shiurim at the Young Israel of New Rochelle, by Andy & Nancy Neff
(a) Seeing as Tzafon is written by the Olah, why does our Mishnah begin with
(b) Then why does the Tana begin with the Chata'os Penimiyos and not with
the Chata'os Chitzoniyos (which is the subject of the Hekesh to Olah)?
(c) The Torah writes Tzafon in Vayikra by Olas Tzon "Ve'shachat Oso al
Yerech ha'Mizbe'ach Tzafonah".
What do we learn from the 'Vav' of ve'Im
min ha'Tzon" (which follows the Parshah of Chatas Bakar)?
(d) On what grounds do we query this Limud? Does anyone not hold of the
principle of 'Vav' Mosif al Inyan Rishon' (that the 'Vav' in such a format
acts as a Hekesh)?
(a) What is an Asham Taluy?
(b) Someone who is Mo'el (benefits) from Hekdesh brings an Asham Me'ilos.
What does Rebbi Akiva in a Beraisa, learn from the 'Vav' of "ve'Im Nefesh",
which (following the Parshah of Asham Me'ilos) introduces the Parshah of
Safek Asham Taluy ?
(c) What is the case of Safek Me'ilos?
(d) What do the Chachamim say?
(e) Why do the Tana'im dispute this point at all? Why is a Safek Me'ilos not
automatically included in the Parshah of Asham Me'ilos?
(a) How do we initially interpret their bone of contention?
(b) Rav Papa concludes however, that everyone holds that 'Vav Mosif' cuts
both ways (finally resolving the source of Tzafon by Chatas ben Bakar).
What do the Rabbanan then learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Mitzvos" (by
Asham Taluy) "Mitzvos" from Chatas Cheilev? What is Chatas Cheilev?
(c) Rebbi Akiva applies the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' differently. He says 'Mah
Lehalan Chatas Kavu'a, Af Ka'an Chatas Kavu'a'.
What does he mean by that?
(d) On what grounds are we forced to retract from the previous statement?
Why can that not be Rebbi Akiva's reason?
(a) We then suggest that perhaps they argue over which is more powerful, a
Hekesh (Rebbi Akiva) or a 'Gezeirah-Shavah' (the Rabbanan).
grounds do we reject this suggestion, too? What do we conclude?
(b) Rebbi Akiva's opinion is based on that conclusion. The Rabbanan
disagree, because, in their opinion, the Torah needs to insert the 'Vav' to
compare the Asham Taluy to the Asham Me'ilos (with regard to the value of
What does it teach us?
(c) If not for the 'Vav', what would we otherwise have thought?
(a) We suggest that Rebbi Akiva learns that from "Zos Toras ha'Asham".
does he learn it from there?
(b) Why then, does he need the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' of...
(c) And on what basis must the Asham Nazir and the Asham Metzora be worth
- ... "be'Erk'cha" "be'Erk'cha" (Asham Taluy from Asham Gezeilos)?
- ... "be'Ayil" "be'Ayil" (Asham Shifchah Charufah from Asham Me'ilos)? Why can he not learn it from "be'Erk'cha" "be'Erk'cha"?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Vayikra ...
(b) What independent D'rashah does he make from "Ve'lakach"?
- ... (in connection with a Chatas Yachid) "Ve'shachat es ha'Chatas bi'Mekom ha'Olah" (because the Torah could have written "Ve'shachat Osah")?
- ... "Ve'lakach ha'Kohen mi'Dam" (that is written immediately after Ve'shachat ... ")?
(c) And what do we then learn from the Pasuk there (in connection with the
Chatas Nasi) "Ve'shachat Oso bi'Mekom Asher Yishchat es ha'Olah"?
(a) We query this latter D'rashah however, from a Pasuk in Tzav. What do
we learn from "bi'Mekom Asher Tishachet ha'Olah Tishachet ha'Chatas"?
Answers to questions
(b) What do we mean when we suggest that perhaps this Pasuk comes to
preclude other Se'irim from Tzafon? Which Se'irim?
(c) On what grounds do we dismiss this suggestion?
(d) We now learn Sa'ir Nasi Le'akeiv (even Bedi'eved) and other Chata'os
Why can "Ve'shachat es ha'Chatas bi'Mekom ha'Olah" (in
conjunction with "bi'Mekom Asher Tishachet ha'Olah ... ") not serve as a
Binyan Av for all Chata'os, even Bedi'eved?
(a) What is the significance of the fact that the Torah compares the Chatas
to the Olah both by a Kisbah and by a Se'irah?
(b) And what do we learn from "Oso" (written by the Sa'ir Nasi)?
(c) What is 'Sa'ir Nachshon'?
(d) On what basis do we think that Sa'ir Nachshon would otherwise require
(a) The previous Drashah follows the opinion of Rebbi Yehudah.
grounds does he include Sa'ir Nachshon in the Din of Semichah from the Pasuk
in Vayikra (in connection with the Sa'ir Nasi) "Ve'samach Yado al Rosh
(b) Rebbi Shimon disagrees.
What does he include in the Din of Semichah
from " ... al Rosh ha'Sa'ir"?
(c) Ravina asked why we need "Oso", according to Rebbi Shimon. Mar Zutra
b'rei de'Rav Mari retorts that even according to Rebbi Yehudah, it is
unclear why we need it.
Why is that?
(a) On what grounds do we initially refute the suggestion that we need "Oso"
to preclude Sa'ir Nachshon from Tzafon, which we would otherwise learn from
a 'Binyan Av'from Seri's Yachid, from "Ve'shachat es ha'Chatas"?
(b) Why in fact, do we not learn Semichah from a 'Binyan Av'?
(c) In that case, why will we have to go back on the D'rashah 'Oso
ba'Tzafon, ve'Ein Sa'ir Nachshon ba'Tzafon'?
(d) We reject the suggestion that we learn from "Oso", 'Oso ba'Tzafon,
ve'Ein Shochet ba'Tzafon', on the grounds that we already know that from
From where does Rebbi Achya learn that the Shochet does not
need to stand in the north?
(a) We then try to learn from "Oso" (of the Kisbah of a Chatas Yachid
currently under discussion) 'Oso, ve'Lo ben Of'.
Why would we have thought
that a ben Of needs to be Shechted in the north?
(b) What 'Pircha' do we ask on that? What Chumra does a Korban Beheimah
possess over a Korban Of?
(c) So we suggest that "Oso" comes to preclude the Korban Pesach from
Why does Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov in a Beraisa think that the
Pesach ought to require Tzafon? What Chumra does it posses over Olas Tzon?
(d) We reject that suggestion too, on the basis of a Chumra that Olah has
(a) Why can we not then learn Pesach from ...
(b) Finally, we revert to our original contention, that "Oso" comes to
preclude the Shochet, who can be standing in the south whilst he Shechts.
- ... Chatas?
- ... Asham?
- ... all three (Olah, Chatas and Asham)?
What do we then learn from "Ve'shachat Oso" (written by the Olah)?
(c) But did we not learn this on the previous Amud from "Ve'lakach"?
(a) We now have a source for Tzafon by both Shechitah and Kabalah by an
Answers to questions
What objection do we raise to Rav Ada bar Ahavah (or
Rabah bar Shiloh) who learns even Bedieved, from Chatas 'u'Mah Chatas
ha'Ba'ah Machmas Olah Me'akeves ... '?
(b) How does Rav Ada bar Ahavah refute the Kashya? What did he really mean?
(c) Mar Zutra b'rei de'Rav Mari asked Ravina on this principle however, from
Rebbi Yehudah in a Mishnah in Ma'aser Sheini.
What happens to Ma'aser
Sheini in Yerushalayim that became Tamei?
(d) The Tana Kama permits the redemption of food that was purchased with
money of Ma'aser-Sheini which became Tamei.
What does Rebbi Yehudah say?
(e) How will Rav Ada bar Ahavah reconcile his principle with Rebbi Yehudah?