POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Zevachim 103
1) SKINS NOT GIVEN TO THE "KOHANIM"
(a) (Mishnah): If an (Olah or another) Korban (became Pasul
and no part of it) will not be offered on the Mizbe'ach,
the Kohanim do not receive the skin - (they receive only)
"Olas Ish", an Olah which Alsah l'Ish (is credited to the
one who offered it; Rambam - which came up on the
2) SKINS GIVEN TO "KOHANIM"
(b) If an Olah was slaughtered Lo Lishmah, the Kohanim
receive the skin, even though the owner did not fulfill
(c) Kohanim receive the skin of an Olah, whether the owner
was a man or woman.
(d) The skin of Kodshim Kalim goes to the owner, the skin of
Kodshei Kodoshim goes to Kohanim;
(e) A Kal va'Chomer teaches the latter law - Kohanim receive
the skin of an Olah, even though they do not receive any
of the meat;
1. Kohanim receive the meat of (other) Kodshei
Kodoshim, all the more so they receive the skin!
(f) (Gemara - Beraisa - R. Yehudah): "Olas Ish" - this
excludes Olas Hekdesh;
2. This may not be refuted by the Mizbe'ach (which
receives the meat of Olah, but not the skin), for
the Mizbe'ach never receives skin.
(g) R. Yosi b'Rebbi Yehudah says, it excludes Olas Ger (of a
convert, this will be explained).
(h) Question: What does it mean 'this excludes Olas Hekdesh'?
(i) Answer #1 (R. Chiya bar Yosef and Rav Nachman): It
excludes an Olah that came from Mosar (e.g. Mosar Asham
is Ro'eh, the money is used to buy an Olah.)
1. Question: This is according to the opinion that a
Mosar becomes Nidvas Tzibur (Kitz ha'Mizbe'ach, the
Tzibur offers it like an Olah when the Mizbe'ach is
idle, it is not Olas Ish);
(j) Answer #2 (R. Eibo): It excludes an Olah Hukdash to Bedek
i. But according to the opinion that it becomes
Nidvas Yachid (the original owner does
Semichah, slaughters it and brings its
Nesachim), it is still Olas Ish!
2. Answer: Still, it is excluded;
i. Rava expounded "Ha'Olah" - (the morning Tamid
must be) the first Olah (of the day);
ii. Similarly, we expound "Ha'Olah" - (Kohanim
receive skin of) an original Olah (it was never
a different Korban.)
1. This is not only according to the opinion that such
Hekdesh takes effect mid'Oraisa - it is even
according to the opinion that such Hekdesh takes
effect only mid'Rabanan!
(k) Question (Rav Hamnuna of Rav Nachman): You say that
Kohanim do not receive the skin of Olos from Mosaros -
this is like R. Yehudah, but (since he did not defend his
opinion, surely) he retracted!
2. Those opinions only argue about the meat (the latter
holds that since meat of an Olah will be put on the
Mizbe'ach, a person does not really own it, he
cannot Makdish it to Bedek ha'Bayis);
3. All agree about the skin, which will not go to the
Mizbe'ach (and the Kohanim do not yet own it), it is
considered that he (the 'owner' of the Korban) still
owns it, he can Makdish it to Bedek ha'Bayis.
1. (Beraisa - R. Yehudah): There were six containers
for coins to buy Nedavos (Tzibur), Olos from
Mosaros, the Kohanim do not receive the skin;
(l) Rav Nachman: How do you explain the Mishnah?
2. R. Nechemyah: Yehoyada ha'Kohen refutes you!
i. (Mishnah - Yehoyada ha'Kohen) (Question):
"Asham Hu Asham Asham la'Sh-m" (elsewhere, it
says that Asham belongs to the Kohen)!
ii. Answer: Any Mosar of Chatas or Asham is used to
buy Olos, the meat goes to Hash-m (the
Mizbe'ach), the skin goes to Kohanim.
(m) Rav Hamnuna: It refers to one who was Makdish his
property, it is like R. Yehoshua:
1. (Mishnah - R. Eliezer): If Reuven was Makdish his
property and it included animals Kosher for the
Mizbe'ach, males are sold to be (i.e. to people who
want to bring) Olos, females are sold to be
Shelamim, the money paid for them and the rest of
the property goes to Bedek ha'Bayis;
(n) (Beraisa - R. Yosi b'Rebbi Yehudah): It excludes Olas
2. R. Yehoshua says, males are themselves Olos, females
are sold to be Shelamim, the money is used to buy
and offer Olos.
3. Even according to R. Yehoshua who says that a person
makes different kinds of Hekdesh at the same time
(Tam animals are for the Mizbe'ach, other property
is to Bedek ha'Bayis), only the meat if for the
Mizbe'ach, he agrees that the skin (even of the
Olos) becomes Hekdesh Bedek ha'Bayis!
(o) Question (R. Simai bar Chilkai): This is also the Olah of
(p) Answer (Ravina): It excludes the Olah of a convert who
died without heirs.
(a) (Beraisa): "Olas Ish" - this only teaches about the Olah
of a man;
1. Question: What is the source to include the Olah of
a Ger (some texts - Nochri), woman or slave?
2. Answer: "Or ha'Olah" - this comes to include (the
3. Question: If so, what do we exclude from "Olas Ish"?
4. Answer: We exclude an Olah which did not count for
the owner, e.g. it was slaughtered Chutz li'Zmano or
Chutz li'Mkomo (the Kohanim do not get the skin.)
5. Suggestion: Perhaps this is even if it was
slaughtered Lo Lishmah, for the owner did not
fulfill his obligation!
3) THE SKIN OF A "KORBAN PASUL"
6. Rejection: "Or ha'Olah" - even in this case.
(b) R. Yishmael says, "Or ha'Olah" only teaches about an
7. Question: "Or ha'Olah" only teaches about an Olah -
what is the source for (other) Kodshei Kodoshim?
8. Answer: "Or ha'Olah Asher Hikriv".
9. Suggestion: Perhaps we include even Kodshim Kalim!
10. Rejection: "Olah" - this is Kodshei Kodoshim, we
only include Kodshei Kodoshim.
1. Question: What is the source for Kodshei Kodoshim?
(c) Rebbi says, the general rule is, whoever receives the
meat receives the skin - the Torah only needed to teach
about Olah, for Kohanim do not receive its meat:
2. Answer: We learn from a Kal va'Chomer - Kohanim do
not receive meat of an Olah, yet they receive the
skin - Kohanim receive meat of other Kodshei
Kodoshim, all the more so they receive the skin!
3. Question: The Mizbe'ach refutes this - it receives
the meat of Olah, but not the skin!
4. Answer: The Mizbe'ach does not refute this, for it
never receives skin, but (a verse teaches that)
Kohanim sometimes do;
i. Since (we know that) Kohanim sometimes do, (we
derive that) they always do.
1. Parim and Se'irim ha'Nisrafim - they and their skins
(d) Question: Why doesn't the first Tana learn from the Kal
2. Chatas, Asham, and Shalmei Tzibur are gifts to the
Kohen - they may flay them or eat them with their
3. Question: Regarding Olah it says "V'Hifshit Es
ha'Olah v'Nitach Osah li'Nsacheha" - perhaps Kohanim
do not receive the skin!
4. Answer: "Or ha'Olah Asher Hikriv (la'Kohen)".
5. "(Veha'Kohen *ha'Makriv* Es Olas Ish)...Lo Yihyeh" -
this excludes a Tevul Yom (, Mechushar Kipurim - it
is not clear why this is deleted from the text here,
but not below) and Onen;
i. One might have thought, they do not receive
meat, for they are forbidden to eat it, but
they receive skin - "Lo Yihyeh" excludes them.
(e) Answer: He holds that even though the law can be learned
from a Kal va'Chomer, the Torah taught it anyway.
(f) Question: What does R. Yishmael learn from "Asher
(g) Answer: This excludes a Tevul Yom, Mechushar Kipurim and
(h) Question: We already know this from "Lo Yihyeh"!
(i) Answer: He expounds that differently:
1. (R. Yochanan citing R. Yishmael): It says "Lo
Yihyeh" regarding Olah and Asham - just like bones
of Asham are permitted to Kohanim (they receive and
eat the meat), also bones of an Olah.
2. Suggestion: We must say that the words "Lo Yihyeh"
are extra, for if not we could not learn from the
Gezerah Shavah, for Asham is more lenient, its meat
is permitted to Kohanim!
3. Confirmation: Indeed, the words "Lo Yihyeh"
regarding Olah are superfluous.
(a) (Mishnah): If any Korban became Pasul before it was
flayed, Kohanim do not receive the skin; if the Pesul
occurred after it was flayed, they receive the skin;
(b) R. Chanina Segan ha'Kohanim says, I never saw a skin
taken to Beis ha'Sereifah (to be burned on account of a
(c) R. Akiva: From R. Chanina we learn that (even) if a
Bechor was found to be Treifah after flaying, Kohanim
receive the skin.
(d) Chachamim: We cannot learn from the fact that he never
saw this (perhaps a Pesul never occurred!) The Halachah
is, it goes to Beis ha'Sereifah.
(e) (Gemara, citing the previous Mishnah): If a Korban will
not be offered on the Mizbe'ach, the Kohanim do not
receive the skin.
(f) Assumption: This is even if it was flayed before Zerikah.
(g) Question: Who is the Tana?
(h) Answer #1: It is like R. Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon, who says
that blood is not (Nizrak to) Meratzeh (permit) just the
(i) Contradiction (Our Mishnah, which should be the same
Tana): If a Pesul occurred before flaying, Kohanim do not
receive the skin; if it was after flaying, they receive
1. This is like Rebbi, who says that blood is (Nizrak
to) Meratzeh (permit) just the skin!
(j) Question: Is the Reisha R. Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon, and the
(k) Answer #1 (and Answer #2 to Question (g) - Abaye): Since
the Seifa is surely Rebbi, also the Reisha;
1. Rebbi admits that we do not flay before Zerikah. (He
says that blood is Meratzeh for skin alone only when
they happened to flay before Zerikah; l'Chatchilah,
if a Pesul occurred before Zerikah, the animal goes
to Beis ha'Sereifah in its skin.)
(l) Answer #2 (Rava): Since the Reisha is surely R. Elazar
b'Rebbi Shimon, also the Seifa;
1. When the Mishnah refers to a Pesul occurring before
or after flaying, it means, before or after *it was
time to* flay (i.e. after Zerikah.)