POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Zevachim 64
ZEVACHIM 64-65 - sponsored by Harav Ari Bergmann of Lawrence, N.Y., out of
love for the Torah and for those who study it.
1) "AVODOS" PERFORMED AT THE SOUTHWEST CORNER
(a) (Mishnah): Three things are done (at this
(b) We already explained Chatas ha'Of;
1. Version #1 (Our text): We learn Hagashah from
"Vehigishah El ha'Mizbe'ach" (Vayikra 2:8. Shitah
Mekubetzes - this teaches about all Menachos, and
that they must be touched to the Mizbe'ach.)
(c) (Mishnah): Above - Nesachim of wine and water, and Olas
ha'Of when the southeast corner is too crowded.
2. Version #2 (Rashi): We learn Hagashah from "Hakrev
Osah...Lifne Hash-m El Penei ha'Mizbe'ach" (Vayikra
6:7; the verse connotes the southwest corner, like
3. We learn Shirayim from "V'Es Kol Dam ha'Par Yishpoch
El Yesod Mizbach" (no other part of the southern
side has a Yesod).
(d) Question: Why is Olas ha'Of preferably done in the
(e) Answer (R. Yochanan): It is the closest corner to Beis
ha'Deshen (where the crop and feathers are thrown).
(f) R. Yochanan: This shows how strong Kohanim were - the
lightest parts of a bird (and hence hardest to throw) are
the crop and feathers, sometimes the Kohen would have to
throw them more than 30 Amos (i.e. from the southwest
corner to Beis ha'Deshen)!
1. (Mishnah): (To do Terumas ha'Deshen,) the Kohen took
a silver pan and ascended the Mizbe'ach; he turned
coals aside, and took from the thoroughly burned
ones (ashes) underneath;
(g) Question: This is more than 31 Amos (Beis ha'Deshen is 22
Amos south of the southwest corner, and 22 and a half
2. He descended to the ground, turned north, and went
10 Amos along the east of the ramp. He piled the
ashes on the floor three Tefachim away from the
ramp, where they put the crop and feathers (of Olas
ha'Of), and the ashes of the inner Mizbe'ach and the
(h) Answer: We do not count the Amah where the Kohen stands,
it is as if he throws it only 30 (and a third) Amos.
(i) (Mishnah): Anyone who ascends...(except for three
(j) Question: Why doesn't he circle around for these?
(k) Answer (R. Yochanan): We are concerned lest the Nesachim
absorb the smoke (and become disqualified), and lest the
bird die from the smoke.
(l) Contradiction (Mishnah): If the Kohen Gadol wants to
(offer Nesachim), he circles around the Mizbe'ach,
traversing the southeast, northeast, northwest and
southwest corners; they give him (we are understanding,
from the beginning) the wine for the Nesachim.
(m) Answer (R. Yochanan): He is not carrying the Nesachim
when he goes around.
(n) Support (Rava): It says, they *give* him (i.e. after
going around) the wine for the Nesachim, it does not say
'They tell him to pour it'.
2) "CHATAS HA'OF"
(o) (Beraisa): Anyone who ascends the Mizbe'ach goes up on
the right and descends on the left; he goes up on the
east and descends on the west, except for one who ascends
for these three things;
1. For the three, he goes up and descends on the west,
he goes up and descends on the right.
2. Objection: He does not go up and descend on the
right, rather, on the left!
3. Answer #1 (Ravina): We must correct the text, it
should say 'He goes up and descends on the left'.
4. Answer #2 (Rava): When it says 'Right', it means the
right side of the Mizbe'ach (we consider south to be
the face of the Mizbe'ach, so the west is its
right); when it says 'left', it means the Kohen's
5. Question: The Mishnah should be consistent, it
should always refer to the Mizbe'ach or to the
6. This is left difficult.
(a) (Mishnah): To offer Chatas ha'Of, the Kohen is Molek
(cuts with his fingernail the back of the neck) Mul (in
line with, below) the Oref (back of the head); he does
not Mavdil (separate the head from the body - rather, he
cuts only one of the Simanim);
3) "OLAS HA'OF"
(b) He sprinkles the blood on the wall of the Mizbe'ach;
1. The remaining blood (is squeezed against the wall
and) drops onto the Yesod.
(c) Only its blood goes on the Mizbe'ach, all the meat is
eaten by Kohanim.
(d) (Gemara - Beraisa): "V'Hizah mi'Dam ha'Chatas" - from the
1. He holds the head and body and sprinkles on the
lower half of the wall of the Mizbe'ach; not on the
wall of the ramp, Heichal or Ulam.
(e) (Mar Zutra bar Tuvya): Melikah of Chatas ha'Of - the
Kohen holds the wings in two fingers, and the legs in two
fingers, and stretches the neck over the width of his
thumb, and cuts it with his thumbnail;
2. Question: A Kal va'Chomer teaches that he should
sprinkle on the top half of the wall!
i. Regarding animals, (blood of) an Olah is
offered below (on the lower half of the wall),
a Chatas is offered above - regarding birds, an
Olah is offered above, all the more so a Chatas
should be offered above!
3. Answer: "Veha'Nish'ar ba'Dam Yimatzei El Yesod
ha'Mizbe'ach" - he sprinkles on a (part of the) wall
such that its remnants fall to the Yesod. (From the
top half, the blood falls onto the Sovev.)
4. Suggestion: He could sprinkle on the top half, and
squeeze the rest against the lower half!
5. Rejection (Rava): It does not say 'Yamtzeh' (he will
squeeze), rather, "Yimatzei", which (additionally)
connotes that the sprinkled blood will be found on
(i.e. fall by itself to) the Yesod.
(f) (Beraisa): The bird faces outside, he holds the wings in
two fingers, and the legs in two fingers, and stretches
the neck over the width of two fingers, and cuts it with
1. This is the difficult Avodah in the Mikdash.
2. Objection: There are other difficult Avodos in the
Mikdash, Kodshei Mizbe'ach and Chafiinah (taking two
handfuls of Ketores)!
3. Correction: This is one of the most difficult Avodos
in the Mikdash.
(a) (Mishnah): To offer Olas ha'Of, the Kohen ascends the
ramp, turns to the Sovev, and comes to the southeast
4) "PESUL" AND "PIGUL" OF "KORBANOS HA'OF"
(b) Melikah is done Mul the Oref, he is Mavdil (fully cuts
both Simanim), and presses the bird against the Mizbe'ach
to squeeze out the blood.
(c) He takes the head, points the cut neck towards the
Mizbe'ach, salts it and throws it on the fire.
(d) He removes the crop, (the surrounding skin with) feathers
and the intestines that come out with the crop, and
throws all these to Beis ha'Deshen.
(e) He tears the wings, but does not tear them off the body;
if he tore them off, it is Kosher;
(f) He salts the body and throws it on the fire;
1. If he did not remove the crop, feathers and
intestines, or did not salt it, it is Kosher, for
deviations after squeezing out the blood do not
2. If he fully cut both Simanim in Chatas ha'Of, or did
not do so in Olas ha'Of, it is Pasul;
3. If he squeezed out the blood of the head but not of
the body, it is Pasul; if he squeezed out the blood
of the body but not of the head, it is Kosher.
(a) If Melikah of Chatas ha'Of or Mitzuy (squeezing the
blood) or both were done Lo Lishmah, it is Pasul;
regarding Olas ha'Of, it is Kosher, but the owner did not
fulfill his obligation.
(b) Regarding Chatas and Olas ha'Of, if he did Melikah or
Mitzuy with improper intent to eat something normally
eaten (i.e. Chatas ha'Of) of Lehaktir something normally
burned on the Mizbe'ach:
1. If the intent was Chutz li'Mkomo, the Korban is
Pasul, there is no Kares for eating it;
2. If the intent was Chutz li'Zmano, the Korban is
Pigul, there is Kares for eating it, provided that
there was no other Pesul in the Matirim (these two
Avodos, which permit the meat to Kohanim or the
i. The case when there was no other Pesul -
Melikah and Mitzuy were both done (with intent)
Chutz li'Zmano, or one with this intent and the
other without any intent that is Posel;
ii. The case when there was another Pesul - one or
both of these two Avodos were done Chutz
li'Mkomo (or Lo Lishmah, in the case of Chatas