POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Zevachim 13
ZEVACHIM 11-15 - Sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor.
Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and
prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
1) WHICH "AVODOS" CAN INVALIDATE A "KORBAN"?
(a) (Mishnah): In the following cases, a Pesach or Chatas is
1. The slaughter, Kabalah, Holachah or Zerikah was Lo
(b) The case of Lishmah and then Lo Lishmah - he started
l'Shem Pesach, and ended l'Shem Shelamim;
2. Or, one of these Avodos was started Lishmah and
finished Lo Lishmah, or vice-versa.
(c) Lo Lishmah and then Lishmah - he started l'Shem Shelamim,
and ended l'Shem Pesach.
(d) Any of these four Avodos can Posel a Korban (i.e. if it
was done with improper intent);
(e) R. Shimon says, Holachah cannot Posel, because it is not
always necessary (e.g. if the slaughter was next to the
1. The other three Avodos are always necessary, they
can Posel a Korban.
(f) R. Elazar says, Holachah where it is necessary can Posel
a Korban, Holachah where it is unnecessary cannot.
(g) (Gemara) Question: Is it really true that Kabalah can
1. (Beraisa): "V'Hikrivu" - this is Kabalah.
(h) Answer #1 (Rava): Intent that makes Pigul (Chutz
li'Zmano) does not apply to Kabalah; Lo Lishmah applies
2. Suggestion: Perhaps it is Zerikah!
3. Rejection: "V'Zareku" teaches Zerikah, therefore
"V'Hikrivu" is Kabalah.
4. "Benei Aharon ha'Kohanim" - a Kosher Kohen must
receive, wearing Bigdei Kehunah;
5. R. Akiva says, we learn this because it says here
"Benei Aharon ha'Kohanim", just as it says "Benei
Aharon ha'Kohanim ha'Meshuchim Asher Milei Yadam
i. Just as there they were Kosher Kohanim wearing
Bigdei Kehunah, also here.
6. R. Tarfon: I heard a distinction between Kabalah and
Zerikah, I cannot explain it.
7. R. Akiva: Regarding Kabalah, (improper) intent is
not like an action (it does not Posel); regarding
Zerikah, (improper) intent is like an action (it is
i. Also: If a Korban was slaughtered outside the
Mikdash, one who receives the blood is exempt;
one who does Zerikah (outside the Mikdash) is
8. R. Tarfon: That is exactly what I heard!
ii. If Pesulim (Zarim or Kohanim unfit to serve)
received the blood, they are not Chayavim
(Misah); if they did Zerikah, they are Chayavim
(i) Support (Mishnah): Any of these four Avodos can *Posel* a
Korban - it does not say, *Mefagel*.
(j) Objection: But Pigul does apply to Kabalah!
1. (Beraisa): One might have thought, improper intent
only applies to Zerikah - "V'Im He'achel
Ye'achel...Lo Yeratzeh", it applies to all Avodos
that permit a Korban to be eaten.
2. Suggestion: Perhaps we should include even spilling
the leftover blood (on the base of the Mizbeach) and
burning the Eimurim!
3. Rejection: "Lo Yeratzeh ha'Makriv Oso Lo Yechashev";
4. Zerikah was included among Avodos that permit a
Korban to be eaten; it was singled out ("Lo
Yeratzeh") to equate the other Avodos to it;
i. Zerikah is essential for atonement, (improper
intent during) it is Posel a Korban - also
every Avodah essential for atonement is Posel a
ii. This excludes spilling leftover blood and
burning the Eimurim, they are not essential for
(k) Answer #2: Rather, if he said 'I slaughter with the
intention to receive the blood tomorrow', the Korban is
2) CAN A "KORBAN" BE MADE "PIGUL" WHILE DIPPING THE FINGER?
1. If he said 'I receive with the intention to spill
the leftover blood tomorrow', it is Pigul.
(l) Question (An elder): But intent to spill the leftover
blood or burning the Eimurim can Posel a Korban!
1. (Mishnah): One might have thought, improper intent
only applies to Avodos that permit a Korban to be
eaten - "V'Im He'achel Ye'achel" teaches about two
kinds of eating, of people and of the Mizbeach;
(m) Answer: Zerikah with intent to spill the leftover blood
(or burn the Eimurim) the next day is Pigul;
i. Therefore, spilling the leftover blood and
burning the Eimurim can Posel a Korban.
1. Spilling the leftover blood with intent to burn the
Eimurim the next day is Kosher.
(a) (Rav Yehudah brei d'R. Chiya): Dipping the finger in the
blood of inner Chata'os (in order to do Zerikah) is
Mefagel (if done with intention Chutz li'Zmano (to eat
the meat, throw the blood or burn the Eimurim after the
(b) Question (Ilfa): We learn Pigul (in Chatas) from
1. Dipping the finger does not Mefagel Shelamim (since
it does not apply), therefore it does not Mefagel
(c) Answer: That verse also teaches that dipping the finger
is Mefagel Chatas.
2. Counter-question: Do we really learn Pigul from
i. (Pigul only applies if the *only* disqualifying
intention was Chutz li'Zmano.) Lo Lishmah does
not Posel Shelamim, therefore it does not
prevent a Shelamim (offered with an intention
Chutz li'Zmano) from becoming Pigul;
3. Answer: You must say that a verse teaches that Pigul
applies to other Korbanos.
ii. If we only learn Pigul from Shelamim, there is
no source to say that Lo Lishmah prevents a
Chatas from becoming Pigul (but we know this
law from Mishnayos)!
(d) (R. Yehoshua ben Levi): Dipping the finger is Mefagel.
(e) Question (Reish Lakish): We learn Pigul (in Chatas) from
Shelamim - dipping the finger does not Mefagel Shelamim,
therefore it does not Mefagel Chatas!
1. Counter-question: Do we really learn Pigul from
(f) Support (for R. Yehoshua ben Levi - Rav Mari - Mishnah):
Pigul applies to four Avodos in a Minchah - Kemitzah,
putting the Kometz in a vessel, Holachah and Haktarah
(burning the Kometz on the Mizbeach).
i. Lo Lishmah does not Posel Shelamim, therefore
it does not prevent a Shelamim from becoming
Pigul - we cannot learn from Shelamim that Lo
Lishmah prevents a Chatas from becoming Pigul!
2. Answer (R. Yosi b'Rebbi Chanina): Indeed, we learn
i. Lo Lishmah is Posel a Chatas just as intention
Chutz li'Mkomo (to eat the meat, throw the
blood or burn the Eimurim outside the proper
place) is Posel a Shelamim;
3. Rejection (and answer to Question (e) - R.
Yirmeyah): Chutz li'Mkomo is Posel all Korbanos, we
cannot learn to Lo Lishmah, which is only Posel
Chatas and Pesach!
ii. Just as Chutz li'Mkomo prevents a Shelamim from
becoming Pigul, Lo Lishmah prevent a Chatas
from becoming Pigul!
i. Rather, you must say that anything which is
Posel (e.g. Chutz li'Mkomo in a Shelamim)
prevents from becoming Pigul, any indispensable
Avodah can make Pigul - we learn regarding
Chatas that Lo Lishmah prevents from becoming
Pigul, dipping the finger (which is
indespensible) makes Pigul!
1. We understand how three of these are learned from
Shelamim - Kemitzah is like slaughter (it separates
the part that will be offered to Hash-m), Holachah
corresponds to Holachah, and Haktarah is like
(g) Rejection (and Answer #2 to Question (f:2)): Really, it
is like Kabalah;
2. Question: What is the source for putting the Kometz
in a vessel?
i. Suggestion: Perhaps this is like Kabalah.
3. Answer #1: You must say, since it is an
indispensable Avodah, it is important, so Pigul
ii. Rejection: Blood falls into the vessel by
itself, but the Kohen must put the Kometz into
i. Likewise, dipping the finger is indispensable,
so Pigul applies (it is like Holachah, bringing
the blood close to the Mizbeach)!
1. Since both consist of putting in a vessel, they are
similar, even though one is by itself and the other