REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafYoma 65
YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha
Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife
and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he
will long be remembered.
(a) 'Rebbi Yehudah Omer, Tamus'.
To which animal is he referring, the
first, or the second, and according to ...
(b) What is the problem with Rebbi Yochanan from Rebbi Yehudah's second
statement: 'Nishpach ha'Dam, Yamus ha'Mishtale'ach'?
- ... Rebbi Yochanan?
- ... Rav?
(a) Why do we ...
1. ... accept Rebbi Yehudah's statement 'Nishpach ha'Dam, Yamus
(b) We answer this with the Pasuk "Yo'omad Chai Lifnei Hashem Lechaper
Alav". What do we learn from there that dispenses with our query?
2 ... query his statement 'Meis ha'Mishtale'ach, Yishafech ha'Dam'?
(a) If the Sheluchim who are carrying the town's Shekalim lose them or if
the money is stolen, to whom must they swear (that they were not careless
What do Rebbi Elazar and Rebbi Shimon say about the Par and the Sa'ir that
were lost, re-placed and found?
(b) Should the money turn up, then both lots are Shekalim, and, according
to the Tana Kama, the people are obligated to give their half-Shekel again
the following year.
- ... if the Terumas ha'Lishkah *was* already emptied?
- ... if it was *not*?
What does Rebbi Yehudah say, and what is his reason?
(c) How do we reconcile this with the Par and the Sa'ir of Yom Kipur, where
Rebbi Yehudah himself says that, if they were lost, re-placed and then
found, they must die. Why can they too, not be brought the following
year? How do we initially answer this with a statement from Rebbi Oshaya?
(d) How does Rebbi Oshaya learn this from the Pasuk in Pinchas "Zos Olas
Answers to questions
(a) If Rebbi Yehudah's reason (for saying that the Sa'ir of Yom Kipur that
was lost, re-placed and found must die) is because of the Pasuk "Zos Olas
Chodesh be'Chodsho", why will it then be restricted to the Sa'ir, but not
to the Par?
We then try to explain Rebbi Yehudah's Din of 'Yamusu' because Hagralah
cannot fix the Sa'ir from one year to the next.
(b) On what grounds do we reject the contention (on this and each of the
subsequent answers) that we decree the Par because of the Sa'ir?
(c) We even reject our original contention by the Sa'ir, from the statement
of Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel: 'Korbenos Tzibur ha'Ba'in be'Echad be'Nisan,
Mitzvah Lehavi min he'Chadash ... '.
How does that statement serve to
refute our original contention? What is the conclusion of that statement?
On what grounds do we
- ... reject that contention?
- ... reject the contention that it is because people might say that Hagralah fixes the goats from one year to the next?
- ... reject the contention that Rebbi Yehudah says Yamusu because the Kohen Gadol might die, and a Chatas she'Meisah Be'alehah, Tamus?
(a) The Rabbanan suggested to Abaye that the reason that Rebbi Yehudah says
'Tamus' is because Gezeirah Mishum Chatas she'Avrah Shenasah'.
the problem with this statement?
(b) The Gemara answers that they hold like Rebbi.
What does Rebbi say
(with regard to Batei Arei Chomah)?
(c) Why will this answer not work for the Par?
(d) We reject this answer too, on the same grounds as we rejected the
previous ones, as well as to the fact that a Chatas she'Avrah Shenasah does
To what does Resh Lakish compare it?
(a) By Batei Arei Chomah, what do the Chachamim consider a year?
Answers to questions
(b) What happens in a leap year? To whose advantage do the extra thirty
days go, the seller or the purchaser?