POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafYoma 54
1) WAS THE ARON HIDDEN OR EXILED?
(a) The Mishnah implies that the Aron was exiled.
2) WHERE WAS THE ARON HIDDEN?
(b) There are two opinions (R. Eliezer and R. Shimon b. Yochai)
which maintain that it was exiled (based on two different
Pesukim) and one which maintains that it was hidden in its
place, and remains so, based on the words Ad HaYom HaZeh.
1. According to Ula, R. Shimon b. Yochai is of the opinion
that the Aron is hidden.
(c) Question: Are all occurrences of Ad HaYom HaZeh meant to be
2. Ula reported an exchange between R. Masia b. Charash
and R. Shimon b. Yochai.
1. The Pasuk speaks of the Yevusi living in Yerushalyaim
Ad HaYom HaZeh.
(d) Answer: The word "Sham" adds the real impression of forever.
2. We know from Yirmiyahu that there were 52 years of
total desolation (like the number of Beheimah).
3. We also know (from R. Yosi in the Beraisa) that Gafris
and Melach alone reigned in Eretz Yisrael for seven
years (compare Bris-Bris).
(e) Question: But we find an instance of VaYeshev Sham which was
interrupted by Sancheriv?
(f) Answer: Good question.
(a) Chachamim (cited by R. Nachman) taught that the Aron is
beneath the wood-checking Lishkah.
3) THE VISIBLE/INVISIBLE BADIM
(b) A tragic incident reported in the Beraisa supports the claim
that the Aron is not beneath the Kodesh HaKodoshim.
1. In the incident a Kohen, engaged in another activity,
died while trying to point out the place of the Aron to
the other Kohaim.
2. Question: What was that Kohen doing?
3. Answer: He was using his ax (as confirmed by the tragic
incident reported by a Tana d'vei R. Yishmael).
(a) Question: The (cited) Pesukim seem to contradict one
4) THE INTIMATE BOND BETWEEN THE PEOPLE AND HASHEM
(b) Answer: The Badim were both visible and invisible.
1. Further, they miraculously extended in order to be
visible from without.
2. The refrained from extending too far (which would tear
the Paroches) and only pushed out slightly, like a
woman's breasts through her garment.
(a) (R. Katina) The bond was revealed to the People by opening
the Paroches during Aliyas Regel (the embracing Keruvim).
(b) Question: But the Pasuk teaches that the Keilim of the
Mishkan may not be seen!?
(c) Answer: The Mishkan was likened to a Kalah before her
wedding while the Beis HaMikdash was like a Kalah after her
(d) Question: But we find that a Kohen was killed in order to
prevent the possible exposure of the Aron!?
(e) Answer: That was during the second Mikdash, when the
remarried wife is, again, like the Kalah before the Chupah.
(f) Question: Then R. Katina's teaching cannot apply to either
1. The first Beis HaMikdash did not have a Paroches.
(g) Answer: He spoke of the first Beis HaMikdash and the
Paroches refer to the (many door) coverings (as enumerated).
2. The second Beis HaMikdash did not have Keruvim.
(h) Alternate Answer: He spoke of the second Beis HaMikdash and
they showed the People the Keruvim as part of the wall
1. Those Keruvim were very noticeable as supported by two
2. The second of those Pesukim refers to the Keruvim as
being made KeMa'ar Ish VeLoyos.
3. What is KeMa'ar Ish VeLoyos?
5) THE EVEN HASHESIYAH
4. Like a man embracing his wife.
(i) The destroyers of the Mikdash mocked the intimate Keruvim
(thus fulfilling the prophecy of Kol Michabdehah Hiziluhah).
(a) It was called Shesiyah because the world was founded on it.
(b) This is consistent with view of Chachamim that the world was
created from Tzion.
1. This is a four-way Machlokes in the Beraisa.
(c) R. Eliezer HaGadol taught that the Shamayim was created from
Shamayim and the Aretz from Aretz, while the Chachamim say
that they were both created from Tzion.
2. R. Eliezer (it was created from its center), R.
Yehoshua (it was created from its sides), R. Yitzhok
(from the stone which HaShem fired into the sea), and
the Chachamim (from Tzion).