POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafYoma 21
YOMA 21 - Dedicated to the memory of Moshe Simcha ben Dovid Z"L Rubner by
his parents, Dovid and Zahava Rubner of Petach Tikva.
1) THE TEN MIRACLES OF THE MIKDASH
(a) When Bnei Yisrael would fill the Mikdash, they would stand
crowded, and would prostrate themselves with generous room.
1. They would fill the 11 Amos behind the Kapores.
(b) This was one of the ten miracles, as listed in Avos.
2. Question: What does this add?
3. Answer: Even though they were *so* crowded, still...
(c) Question: The last two depart from the Mikdash and speak of
(d) Answer: There were two others in the Mikdash, as taught in
1. The rain never extinguished the fire of the Ma'arachah.
(e) Question: But there were others (violating the limit of 10)?
2. The wind could not move its column of smoke.
1. Beraisa- Broken shards were absorbed into the ground.
(f) Answer: The three "Pesulim" in the original list are counted
as one (so we remove two and add two).
2. Abaye- The Mora, Notzah, ashes of the Mizbeach and
Menorah were also absorbed into the ground.
(g) Question: Then the absorbing should all be counted as one!
(h) Answer: There is also the Lechem HaPanim (Siluko KiSiduro).
(i) Question: But there is also the miracle of the Aron and
(j) Answer: Only externally visible miracles are in the count.
(k) Question: Then the Lechem HaPanim should not be counted?!
(l) Answer: (Resh Lakish) The Lechem HaPanim were raised and
made visible to the People (as a sign of Divine love).
2) THE UNMOVABLE COLUMN OF SMOKE
1. The Torah insists that the Shulchan be Tahor.
(m) Question: But the golden trees were another miracle?!
2. This implies that it could somehow be Tamei.
3. Yet the Shulchan was a *stationary* wooden Keli?
4. As such it could not become Tamei.
5. It must be because it was raised...
(n) Answer: Fixture miracles were not counted.
(o) We then understand why the Aron and Keruvim, which were also
fixed, were not counted.
(a) Question: There was no smoke from the Atzei Ma'arachah (The
Beraisa teaches five qualities of the fire of the Atzei
Ma'arachah, among them that there was no smoke)?
3) SIX TYPES OF FLAMES
(b) Answer: The smoke was from the required man-made flame (not
that which came down from Shamayim, as in the Beraisa).
(c) Question: Was the flame crouching like a lion or a dog?
(d) Answer: First Mikdash (lion) and second Mikdash (dog).
(e) Question: But the Divine flame was absent from the second
Mikdash (learned from the missing Heh)?!
(f) Answer: It was there but it did not help burn.
(a) The Beraisa teaches that there are (have been) six types of
flames in the world, which varying on eating and drinking.
Hadran Alach Perek Shiv'as Yamim
(b) The pillar of smoke from the Ma'arachah cannot be shifted.
(c) Question: But we were taught that the column did shift!?
1. All looked at, and interpreted, the direction of the
smoke after Sukos!?
(d) Answer: The column tilted, but did not disperse.
2. The southern wind, pushing the column North, was good
news for the poor (the produce would be sold at
discount) and bad news for the landowners (the great
quantity of rain would make it impossible to store the
3. Similarly, each wind direction brought tidings of the
rains to come.
(e) Question: There seems to be a contradiction regarding the
benefits of the various winds!?
(f) Answer: Each is beneficial for (and detrimental to) a
1. The Northern wind (which recalls where the Shulchan
stood) enhanced the grains.
2. The South (where the Menorah stood) enhanced the oil.