BACKGROUND ON THE DAILY DAF
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Previous dafYoma 56
1) [line 1] MA'ASER RISHON/MA'ASER SHENI
(a) After a crop is harvested and brought to the owner's house or yard, he
must separate Terumah from the crop and give it to a Kohen. Although the
Torah does not specify the amount to be given, the Rabanan set the
requirement at one fiftieth of the total crop.
(b) After Terumah is removed from the produce, the first tithe to be given
every year is called Ma'aser Rishon; one tenth of the produce must be given
to a Levi.
(c) A second tithe is given every year after Ma'aser Rishon has been
separated. The tithe that is separated in the third and sixth years of the
7-year Shemitah cycle is called Ma'aser Ani and is given to the poor.
(d) The tithe that is separated during the first, second, fourth and fifth
years is called *Ma'aser Sheni*. The Torah requires that Ma'aser Sheni be
brought and eaten by its owner in Yerushalayim.
(e) Alternatively, Ma'aser Sheni produce may be redeemed, in which case the
money used to redeem it is brought to Yerushalayim. If the owner himself
redeems the produce, he must add an additional *fifth* (of the ensuing
total, or a *quarter* of the original value). The food which is bought with
that money in Yerushalayim becomes Kodesh like Ma'aser Sheni and must be
eaten b'Taharah. Ma'aser Sheni that was redeemed by anyone besides the
owner is exempt from the fifth.
2) [line 2] MEICHAL V'SHOSEH - (a) he redeems (from the word Chilul) the
Ma'aser Sheni and may then drink the wine (RASHI); (b) he may begin (from
the word Lehaschil) to drink the wine (RABEINU GERSHOM to Me'ilah 22a)
3) [line 4] SHEMA YIBAKA HA'NOD - the leather bottle might break (and he
will never be able to separate the Terumah and Ma'asros)
4) [line 5] LECHESHE'YIBAKA - when it will break [we will worry about it];
i.e. we need not worry that it will break because a watchman can be
appointed to guard it
5) [line 6] MASNEH ADAM - a person may impose a condition
6) [line 8] EIRUVO (EIRUVEI TECHUMIN)
(a) A person is only allowed to walk a distance of 2000 Amos, approximately
960 meters (3147 feet) or 1,152 meters (3774 feet), depending upon the
differing Halachic opinions, from his city or dwelling place (if he is not
in a city) on Shabbos or Yom Tov. If he wants to walk another 2000 Amos, he
must make an Eruv Techumin.
(b) This is accomplished by placing an amount of food that would be used
for two meals nearly 2000 Amos away from his present location, in the
direction in which he wishes to walk. The location where his food is placed
is considered his new dwelling or *place of Shevisah* for that Shabbos or
Yom Tov, and he may walk 2000 Amos in any direction from there.
7) [line 17] LO MAKBIL LEI KULEI - [we are referring to a case where] he
did not collect all of it (the Dam ha'Nefesh = lifeblood) [of the Par]
8a) [line 21] CHIVAR - pale red
b) [line 21] SUMAK - dark red