REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Yevamos 37
YEVAMOS 36 & 37 - sponsored by Hagaon Rav Yosef Pearlman of London, a living
demonstration of love for and adoration of the Torah.
(a) We just learned that, according to Ravina, even Raba Shimon ben Gamliel
will agree that, if a Kohen married a Yevamah whose baby died within thirty
days, she does not require Chalitzah. Rav Ashi asked Rav Oshaya Brei de'Rav
Idi whether, if a Kohen married a woman who was pregnant or feeding within
twenty-four months, we will make the same concession for a Kohen and permit
him to remain with her without a Get.
What did Rav Oshaya Brei de'Rav Idi
(b) If someone betrothes a woman within three months of her widowhood or
divorce, and runs away, Rav Acha and Rafram argue over whether he needs to
write her a Get or not.
Why might writing a Get *not* be necessary?
(c) Which of them takes the lenient view?
(a) Rava asked Rav Nachman why a woman needs to wait three months, because,
in case she is pregnant, we will not know whether the baby is a ninth-month
baby from her first husband or a seventh-month baby from the second. Why
should we not go after the majority of women, who give birth after nine
months, he asked him?
What was Rav Nachman's initial reply?
(b) Why did Rava not like his reply?
(c) Rav Nachman then explained that, seeing as the pregnancy of all women
who give birth at nine months is discernable, we automatically presume that,
this woman, whose pregnancy was not discernable, has lost her 'Rov'.
what grounds do we reject this explanation?
(d) How do we amend Rav Nachman's words to read?
(a) If a man married a woman immediately after her husband died, and she
gave birth at nine months, what does the Tana Kama of the Beraisa say about
(b) Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov says 'Ein Mamzer mi'Safek'. Abaye explains
that, according to the Tana Kama, the second baby is a Safek Mamzer and
forbidden to marry a Vaday Mamzer.
- ... that baby?
- ... the next baby that is born to him?
What does Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov
(c) How does Rava explain the Machlokes?
(d) Abaye and Rava, explains the Gemara, argue about Rebbi Elazar.
does this mean? Whom are we trying to establish (or not to establish) like
(a) Rebbi Elazar says 'Vada'an be'Vada'an Mutar. Vada'an bi'Sefeikan,
vice-versa or S'feikan bi'S'feikan Asur'?
What is the reason for the
latter part of the statement?
(b) What are the three cases of S'feikan?
(c) Why is a Kuti a Safeik?
(d) Rav Yehudah Amar Rav rules like Rebbi Elazar.
What did Shmuel remark
when Rav Yehudah told him of Rav' ruling?
(a) We just quoted Hillel, who says that all the ten Yuchsin are permitted
to each other.
Answers to questions
Who must be precluded from the following group ...
(b) In the above Machlokes between Abaye and Rava, which of the two follows
the opinion of Rav (Rebbi Elazar), and which, the opinion of Shmuel
- ... Kohani, Levi'i, Yisre'eili, Chalali?
- ... Kohani, Levi'i, Yisre'eili, Chalali, Geiri, Charuri and Avadim Meshuchrurim?
- ... Levi'i, Yisre'eili, Geiri, Charuri, Mamzeiri, Nesini, Shesuki and Asufi?
(a) Abaye proves from another statement of Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov, that
he considers a Safek Mamzer like a Vadai Mamzer. What does Rebbi Eliezer
ben Ya'akov say about a man who had relations with many women or vice-versa?
From which Pasuk in Kedoshim did he derive this?
(b) How does Rava explain the word "Zimah"?
(c) What did Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov say over and above this, regarding
marrying two wives in two countries?
(d) How do we reconcile this with Rav and Rav Nachman, who would marry a
woman for a short time when they travelled overseas (despite the fact that
they had a wife where they lived)?
(a) How do we reconcile what Rav and Rav Nachman used to do with Rava's
statement, that if a woman accepts a man's proposal for marriage, she needs
to keep seven clean days?
(b) Alternatively, the Rabbanan did not actually marry the women in
question, but only designated them, in case they wanted to live with them.
What was the point of doing that?
(c) But surely, if they intended to live with them, they would not be able
to, because of Nidus, and if they did not, then what they did was pointless
(see Tosfos DH 'Yichudi')?
(a) When the Safek (son of the first man or of the second one) and the Yavam
both claim the inheritance of the dead man, what is each one's argument?
(b) What is the Din?
(a) What does each side argue in a case where the Safek and the sons of the
Yavam both claim the inheritance of the dead man?
(b) The Rabbanan suggested to Rav Mesharshaya that this was similar to the
Mishnah in Nos'in al ha'Anusah, which talks about the Safek (seventh-month
first husband, ninth-month second one) against the sons of the two husbands.
What does the Mishnah rule there?
(c) What would the equivalent Din be here?
(d) Rav Mesharshaya told them that the cases were not even similar.
not? What will the Din therefore be in our case?
(a) Rav Mesharshaya therefore compares the Mishnah in Nos'in al ha'Anusah to
the Safek and the sons of the Yavam who both claim the inheritance of the
Having already received a half of the first brother's property,
what is the Safek now claiming?
(b) Why should he be interested in doing this?
(c) Rebbi Aba says 'Kam Dina'.
What does 'Kam Dina' mean?
(d) What does Rav Yirmiyah say?
(a) If someone who owned a field that was surrounded by four other fields,
goes overseas, and when he returns nobody remembers through whose field his
path led, according to Admon, he may take the shortest route (which will be
What do the Rabbanan say?
(b) Why do we initially think that Admon is right?
(c) What does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav say that makes us wonder how Admon could
ever have said such a thing?
(d) What does Rava mean when he says that if four came on the strength of
four or on the strength of one, even Admon will agree?
(a) The Machlokes is in a case when one man comes on the strength of four.
Admon maintains that the owner of the single field can claim a path 'mi'Mah
Nafshach' (seeing as the four fields are owned by a sole owner, who cannot
deny that, originally, he [the owner of the middle field] had a path leading
to his field).
Answers to questions
What do the Rabbanan say?
(b) Why do we try to establish Rebbi Aba (in 10b.) like the Rabbanan, and
Rav Yirmiyah like Admon?
(c) Why will ...
- ... Rebbi Aba nevertheless say that even Admon agrees with him?
- ... Rav Yirmiyah say that even the Rabbanan agree with him?