POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Yevamos 26
YEVAMOS 26 - dedicated by Lee and Marsha Weinblatt of Teaneck, N.J. May they
be blessed with health and happiness, and see their children and
grandchildren ever grow in Torah and Yiras Shamayim!
1) TIMES WHEN WE ARE NOT CONCERNED FOR SUSPICION
(a) We see, we do not make him divorce her, lest people talk;
the same applies in our case.
*****PEREK ARBA ACHIN*****
(b) (Mishnah): In all these cases (when a man who permitted a
woman to marry may not marry her), if he had a wife, and
she died, he may marry the woman;
(c) If the woman married someone else, and was widowed or
divorced, he may then marry her;
(d) In all cases, the woman is permitted to his children and
(e) (Gemara): We infer, only if the man's wife died, but not
if he divorced her.
(f) Contradiction (Rav Hillel): But a Beraisa teaches, even
if he divorced her!
(g) Answer #1(Rav Ashi): If he previously had quarreled with
his wife, he may marry the woman; if not, no.
(h) Answer #2: In both cases, there was no previous quarrel.
1. If the man (later) started the quarrel, he may not
marry her; if his wife started it, he may.
(i) (Mishnah): If they married ...
(j) We are thinking, the Mishnah speaks even when a widowed
woman remarried and was widowed again, and a divorced
woman was divorced again.
(k) Suggestion: Our Mishnah is not as Rebbi, who says that a
Chazakah is established after 2 occurrences (and a woman
that is widowed twice may not remarry).
(l) Rejection: It can be as Rebbi; the Mishnah permits a
widowed woman that was later divorced, and a divorced
woman that was later widowed.
(m) (Mishnah): They are all permitted to his children and
(n) Question: A Mishnah teaches, a man suspected of relations
with a woman may not marry her mother, daughter or sister
- why is our case different?
(o) Answer #1: Women frequently visit each other (if he
marries the relative of the woman he was suspected of, he
may come to have relations with that woman, and this is
1. Men do not frequently visit each other.
(p) Answer #2: Women do not make each other forbidden if they
have extramarital relations, so they are not concerned if
their husbands have relations with their relatives;
1. Men do make each other forbidden (if a man's wife
has relations with his relative (or any other man),
she becomes forbidden to him), and will distance his
wife from his relatives.
2. Question: If so, the woman should be permitted even
to his father!
3. Answer: She is! The Mishnah teaches even more!
i. Not only the father may marry the woman, in
which case the man who permitted her is ashamed
to sin with his father's wife;
ii. Even his son may marry her; even though his
father is not ashamed to be with his son's
wife, we are not concerned.
2) SISTERS THAT FALL TOGETHER TO YIBUM
(a) (Mishnah): There are 4 brothers; 2 of them are married to
sisters, and they die. The widows do Chalitzah, not
Yibum; if they did Yibum, they must be divorced;
(b) R. Eliezer says, Beis Shamai says that they may stay
married, Beis Hillel says that they must be divorced.
(c) If one of the sisters was an Ervah to a brother, he is
forbidden to her but permitted to her sister; his brother
is forbidden to both;
(d) If a sister is forbidden to a brother because of Mitzvah
or Kedushah, she does Chalitzah but not Yibum;
(e) If one sister is an Ervah to 1 brother, and her sister is
an Ervah to the other, each is permitted to the other
1. This is as they said, when her sister is her
Yevamah, she does Chalitzah or Yibum.
(f) (Gemara): Our Mishnah shows that there is Zikah.
1. If not, since the sisters fall from different
brothers, each Yavam could do Yibum with one of
(g) Rejection: Our Mishnah could hold that there is not
Zikah; rather, it is forbidden to cause the Mitzvah of
Yibum to be lost.
1. Perhaps, by the time 1 brother does Yibum, his
brother will die, and the other Yevamah (who is now
Ervah on the surviving brother) will not do Yibum
(h) Question: If so, even by 3 brothers, the sisters must do
Chalitzah, not Yibum!
(i) Answer: True! The Tana taught even more.
1. If there are 3 brothers, if the surviving brother
does Yibum, the Mitzvah of Yibum is perforce
nullified regarding her sister.
2. When there are 4 brothers, one might think that we
are not concerned that 1 may die, and the Mitzvah
will be lost - we see that this is not so.
(j) Question: If so, even by 5 brothers, Yibum should not be
3) INVALID CHALITZAH
(k) Answer: We are not concerned that 2 brothers will die.
(a) (Rav): 3 sisters fall to Yibum to 2 brothers. 1 does
Chalitzah with 1 brother, 1 sister does Chalitzah with
the other brother, and the 3rd sister needs Chalitzah
from both of them.
(b) (Rabah): By saying that 1 sister needs Chalitzah from
both, he must hold that there is Zikah, and the Chalitzah
of the 3rd sister is invalid (since the Yavam was
forbidden to do Yibum), and a woman that does an invalid
Chalitzah must do Chalitzah with all the brothers.
(c) Question: If so, the first two should also need Chalitzah
from all brothers!
(d) Answer: If they fell simultaneously, that would be true.
1. The case is, they fell at different times.
(e) Question: But Rav holds, there is not Zikah!
2. One sister fell, and Reuven did Chalitzah with her;
another sister fell, and Shimon did Chalitzah with
3. When the 3rd falls, each does Chalitzah to remove
his Zikah to her.
(f) Answer: He said this teaching according to the opinion
that there is Zikah.
(g) (Shmuel): one brother may do Chalitzah to all of them.
(h) Question: But Shmuel holds, a fully proper Chalitzah is