POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Yevamos 17
YEVAMOS 17 & 18 - these Dafim have been sponsored by Joseph Goldberg, of
Zichron Yakov, Israel.
1) DOUBTFUL JEWS
(a) Others say, Nihar and its surrounding villages.
(b) Question: Which are its surrounding villages?
(c) Answer (Shmuel): the village of Moshchei, Chidki and
(d) (R. Yochanan): (The lineage of all these places is Pasul
(e) Version #1 (Rav Yehudah): When I said this in front of
Shmuel, he said 'Your son that comes from a Bas Yisrael
is called your son; your son that comes from a Nochris is
not called your son, rather her son (and therefore, they
are Nochrim, and we need not be concerned if they engage
a Bas Yisrael).
1. Question: But there are daughters (and their
descendants are Jewish)!
(f) Version #2 (Rav Yehudah): When I said this in front of
Shmuel, he said 'They didn't move from there before they
declared that they are Nochrim - "They betrayed Hash-m,
they fathered foreign children."
i. (Ravina): The son of your daughter, albeit his
father is a Nochri, is called your son!
2. Answer: We have a tradition, girls of that
generation (of the 10 tries) became sterile.
(g) (Rav Yehudah): Yisrael will make a Yom Tov when Tarmod is
(h) Question: But it was destroyed!
(i) Answer: No, Tamod was destroyed.
(j) (Rav Ashi): Tarmod and Tamod are the same; when one side
was destroyed, the other side was settled, and
1. Ula: Rav Hamnuna is such a Chacham - it is a shame
he is from a place of Herpanya (Pasul lineage).
(k) Question: What is Herpanya?
2. Rav Hamnuna was embarrassed. Ula: Where do you pay
your head tax?
3. Rav Hamnuna: To Fum Nahara.
4. Ula: If so, you are considered to be from there (And
of proper lineage).
(l) Answer #1 (R. Zeira): HaR (a mountain) that everyone (of
bad lineage) PoNe (turns) to.
(m) Answer #2 (Beraisa): Anyone who doesn't know his family
and tribe goes there.
(n) (Rava): It is deeper than Gehenom - "From the pit I will
redeem them, from death" - but there is no remedy for the
Pasul ones of Harpanya.
(o) The Pesulim of Herpanya came from the Pesulim of Meshan;
the Pesulim of Meshan came from the Pesulim of Tarmod;
the Pesulim of Tarmod came from the slaves of Shlomo.
1. This is as people say: Both big and small measures -
all the Pesulim descend to Gehenom; from Gehenom to
Tarmod; from Tarmod to Meshan; and from Meshan to
2) THE WIFE OF A BROTHER THAT DIED BEFORE THE YAVAM WAS BORN
(a) (Mishnah): What is the case of a wife of a brother that
died before the Yavam was born?
(b) Reuven and Shimon are brothers; Reuven died, and a
brother Levi was born. Then, Shimon did Yibum with
Reuven's widow, and Reuven died.
(c) The first wife is exempt because her husband was not
alive in the life of the Yavam; the second wife (of
Shimon) is exempt she is her Tzarah.
(d) If Shimon only gave a Ma'amar to the widow, the second
wife does Chalitzah but not Yibum.
(e) (Gemara - Rav Nachman): Both the text 'the first' and
'the second' are valid texts.
1. The text which calls her the first - she was the
first to fall to Yibum.
(f) Question: Where does the Torah speak about a Yavam that
did not live at the time of his brother?
2. The text which calls her the second - she was the
second to marry (Shimon).
3. Question: Doesn't the Mishnah apply even if Shimon
did Yibum before marrying his other wife?
4. Correction: Rather, the text which calls her the
second, because this was her second marriage.
(g) Answer (Rav Yehudah): "When brothers will dwell together"
- a common dwelling in the world; "together" - fitting to
inherit each other, to exclude maternal brothers.
1. (Rabah): We learn that they must be paternal
brothers from a Gezerah Shaveh "Achvah
(brotherhood)- Achvah" from Yakov's sons.
(h) The Torah had to write "Achim", and it had to write
i. Yakov's sons were paternal, but not maternal
brothers; this is what is needed for Yibum.
2. Question: Why not learn from the Achvah written by
3. Answer: It is better to learn Achim from Achim, and
not from the word Achecha written by Arayos.
4. Question: Why not? Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael learns a
Gezerah Shaveh between "Returns" and "comes"!
5. Answer: That is only when there are not more similar
words; when there are more similar words, we learn
6. Question: Why not learn from Achvah written by Lot?
7. Answer: It is better to learn from Bnei Yakov, since
it is open to be expounded.
i. The Torah could have written "We are 12, the
sons of one man" - "brothers" was written to
learn the Gezerah Shaveh from.
1. If it only wrote "Achim", one would think to learn
i. That word is open - it should have said, we are
2. If it only wrote "together", one would think that
they must have the same mother and father.
ii. Therefore, it says "together", to teach that
the must inherit together.
3. Question: Why would one think so? Yibum is dependent
on inheritance, which is from the father!
4. Answer: One would think, since Yibum is a special
law - Ervah is permitted - one would think, they
must be brothers even from the mother.
(a) (Rav Huna): A Yevamah that died, her Yavam may marry her
1. He holds, there is no Zikah (we do not view a
Yevamah as being partially married to the Yavam).
(b) (Mishnah): A Yevamah that died, the Yavam may marry her
2. Question: Let him say, the law is as the opinion
that says there is no Zikah!
3. Answer: If so, I would think that is only true when
there is more than 1 Yavam - but when there is only
1 Yavam, there is Zikah!
4. Question: Let him say, the law is as the opinion
that says there is no Zikah, even when there is 1
5. Answer: If so, I would think that is true even when
she is alive.
i. Rather, we see that he only says his law after
ii. When she is alive, one may not marry her
mother, because it is forbidden to uproot the
Mitzvah of Yibum.
1. Suggestion: Only her sister, but not her mother!
(c) (Rav Yehudah): A Yevamah that died, her Yavam may not
marry her mother.
2. Rejection: No, one may even marry her mother. Since
the beginning of the Mishnah teaches, if a man's
wife dies, he may marry her sister, the end of the
Mishnah also deals with a sister.
i. The Torah prohibits a man to marry his wife's
mother, even after she dies.
1. He holds, there is Zikah.
2. Question: Let him say, the law is as the opinion
that says there is Zikah!
3. Answer #1: If so, I would think that is only true
when there is only 1 Yavam - but when there is more
than 1 Yavam, there is no Zikah!
4. Question: But the argument is when there is more
than 1 Yavam!