REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafTa'anis 29
TA'ANIS 27, 28, 29, 30 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael
(a) Given that Yisrael left Har Sinai on the twentieth of Sivan of the second
year, on which three days did they grumble about the journey?
What was Hashem's response to their weeping that night?
(b) They ate the quails for a month.
From which date until which date was
(c) The following day, Miriam spoke Lashon ha'Ra about Moshe, and was sent
out of the camp for seven days, following which Moshe sent the spies. On
which date did ...
(d) If the spies left on the twenty-ninth of Sivan and returned on the eve of
Tish'ah be'Av, that would make a total of thirty-nine days (two days of
Sivan, twenty-nine of Tamuz - which is generally a short month - and eight in
Av), not forty, as the Torah specifically writes.
- ... Miriam speak Lashon ha'Ra?
- ... Did Moshe sent the spies?
What is the significance
of the Pasuk in Eichah "Kara Alai Mo'ed" in this regard?
(a) In which year of Nevuchadnetzar's reign did Nevuzradan the chief butcher
destroy the Beis-Hamikdash?
(b) How do we reconcile the Pasuk in Melachim which gives the date of the
first Churban as having taken place on the *seventh* of Av, with the Pasuk in
Yirmiyah, which gives it as the *tenth*?
(c) Rebbi Yochanan declared that, had he had a say in the matter, he would
have fixed the day of mourning on the *tenth* (when most of the conflagration
occurred), and not on the *ninth*.
Why did Chazal then fix it on the
(d) From where do we know that the *second* Beis-Hamikdash was also destroyed
on the ninth of Av?
(a) On which day of the week and on which year of the cycle of Sh'mitah did
the Churban occur?
(b) It took place during the Mishmar of Yehoyariv, whilst the Levi'im were
singing the Shir.
How come that they were singing the Shir for Wednesday,
and not that of Sunday?
(c) At which point in the Shir did the Churban occur?
(d) From where do we know that Beitar was also destroyed on Tish'ah-be'Av
(fifty-two years after the second Churban)?
(a) The fifth thing that took place on Tish'ah-be'Av was Turnusrufus' turning
of Yerushalayim into a plowed field.
What other terrible decree was issued
on the same day?
(b) What did the Roman 'Master' mean when he announced in the Beis-Hamedrash
that the man with the long nose was wanted?
(c) When he visited Raban Gamliel in hiding, Raban Gamliel swore to him that
he would 'bring him to Olam ha'Ba' if he saved him from death.
What did he
subsequently do? How did that save Raban Gamliel from death?
(d) What reward did that 'Master' receive?
(a) What did the groups of young Kohanim do with the keys of the Heichal when
they saw that the Churban was imminent? Why did they do that?
Answers to questions
(b) What happened to ...
(c) Yeshayah lamented their death.
- ... the keys?
- ... the young Kohanim?
What did Hashem do?
(a) What does Rav Yehudah the son of Shmuel bar Shilas quote Rav as saying
with regard to the advent of Adar?
(b) What are the side ramifications of both halves of this Halachah?
(c) What did he also quote Rav as saying with regard to ...
- ... the two tremendous material advantages of living in Bavel (which supplied the exiles with a future during their years of Galus in Bavel).
- ... the Pasuk in Toldos, where Yitzchak referred to the smell of Ya'akov (when he entered his tent for the B'rachos) 'like the smell of a field which Hashem has blessed'?
(a) Our Mishnah forbids washing clothes during the week of Tish'ah-be'Av. Rav
Nachman restricts this to when one washes the garment because he *intends to
How does Rav Sheishes prove that it is forbidden even if he does
(b) What is Rav Sheishes' reason?
(c) The Beraisa permits washing clothes on Thursday (during the week of
Tish'ash be'Av) in honor of Shabbos. Since he is washing it in honor of
Shabbos, he is clearly not going to wear it immediately.
How is this a
Kashya on Rav Nachman?
(a) To answer the above Kashya (basing ourselves on a statement of Rav Asi
Amar Rebbi Yochanan), we establish the Beraisa when he only has one shirt.
What does Rav Asi Amar Rebbi Yochanan say about someone who has only one
(b) Then why does the Tana say that it is in honor of Shabbos? On what day
must Tish'ah-be'Av have fallen?
(c) Rebbi Elazar also agrees with Rav Nachman (who permits washing clothes
that one does not intend to wear until after Tish'ah-be'Av during the week of
Why can the Halachah nevertheless not be like Rav Nachman?
(d) What does the Beraisa also say about ...
- ... ironing (woolen) clothes in Bavel (see Rabeinu Chananel)? What can we infer from there?
- ... ironing linen clothes in Bavel?
(a) Rebbi Yochanan is quoted as saying that ironed linen clothes may not be
worn during the week of Tishah-be'Av. Shmuel takes this literally, forbidding
wearing them until Shabbos, irrespective of when Tish'ah be'Av falls.
does Rav say?
(b) What distinction does the Beraisa make between before and after Tishah-
be'Av, that presents Shmuel with a Kashya?
(c) Shmuel answers that it is a Machlokes Tana'im.
Like which Tana does he
(a) What concession does the Beraisa (from which we asked on Shmuel) make
with regard to someone who failed to wash on Thursday (when Tish'ah be'Av
fell on Friday) in honor of Shabbos. What can he still do about it?
(b) What did Abaye (or Rav Acha bar Ya'akov) have to say about that?
(c) In the same Beraisa, Rebbi Yossi holds that on whatever day of the week
Tish'ah-be'Av falls, one calls up three people to the Torah, the last of
which reads the Haftarah.
What does the Tana Kama say?
(a) Are there any restrictions with regard to eating Shalosh Se'udos on
Shabbos on which either Erev Tish'ah-be'Av or Tish'ah-be'Av falls?
Rava rules like Raban Shimon ben Gamliel and like Rebbi Meir, both le'Kula.
What is the significance of this double ruling? What would we have thought
had he ruled ...
(b) What does the Tana mean by 'Se'udas Shlomoh *be'Sha'ato*'?
(c) We already quoted the opinion of Raban Shimon ben Gamliel, who forbids
the entire week of Tish'ah be'Av (even between Tish'ah be'Av and Shabbos).
Rebbi Meir forbids having a haircut and washing clothes from Rosh Chodesh
until Tish-ah-be'Av. Rebbi Yehudah is the most stringent of all.
(d) Rebbi Yochanan points out that each of the three Tana'im learns his
opinion from the same Pasuk in Hoshei'a "ve'Hishbati Kol Mesosah, Chagah
What is the source from here according to ...
- ... Rebbi Meir?
- ... Rebbi Yehudah?
- ... Raban Shimon ben Gamliel?
Answers to questions
- ... like Rebbi Meir only?
- ... like Raban Shimon ben Gamliel only?