POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by R. Nosson Slifkin
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafTa'anis 27
TA'ANIS 27, 28, 29, 30 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael
1) THE NUMBER OF MISHMAROS
(a) The Mishnah said that the function of Ma'amados is that the Torah
tells everyone to bring Korbanos, but they can't be brought in
the absence of their owners.
(b) The Nevi'im therefore decreed that there be twenty-four Mishmaros
of Kohanim, paralleled by twenty-four Ma'amados of Kohanim,
Levi'im and Yisraelim.
(c) (Beraisa) There were twenty-four Mishmaros in Eretz Yisrael and
twelve in Yericho.
1. Question: That totals thirty-six, twelve too many!?
(d) Each Mishmar, when its turn came, would split up; half went to
Yerushalayim, and half went to Yericho to arrange food and water
2. Answer: It means that twelve of the twenty-four were in
(e) (R. Yehudah citing Shmuel) Kohanim, Levi'im and Yisraelim must be
present in Yerushalayim for the Korban to be valid.
(f) (R Shimon b. Elazar) Kohanim, Levi'im and musical instruments
must be present.
1. The dispute revolves around whether it is voices or
instruments which are essential for song.
(g) (R. Chama bar Guria citing Rav) Moshe established eight
Mishmaros, four from Elazar and four from Isamar.
1. Shmuel expanded them to sixteen, and David expanded them to
(h) (Beraisa) Moshe established sixteen Mishmaros, eight from Elazar
and eight from Isamar.
i. Question: A Beraisa states that David and Shmuel
jointly expanded them to twenty-four!?
ii. Answer: It means that from Shmuel's expansion to
sixteen, David enlarged it to twenty-four.
1. When Elazar's desendants became more numerous, he divided
them into twenty-four.
(i) Question: This Beraisa contradicts R. Chama bar Guria!?
2. The Pasuk states that he divided Elazar's descendants into
3. Another Pasuk states that Elazar doubled and Isamar remained
4. The second Pasuk is brought in case one thought that Isamara
had also doubled in size.
(j) Answer: It is a Machlokes Tana'im, and R. Chama bar Guria holds
like the Tana who says that Moshe made eight Mishmaros.
(k) (Beraisa) Four Mishmaros returned from Bavel, and the Nevi'im
divided them into twenty-four.
(l) They then mixed lots for the twenty-four, and the four drew six
2) KORBANOS KEEP THE WORLD GOING
(m) Even if Yehoyariv (the first of the Mishmaros) would have arrived
from Bavel after that, they would have had to wait until after
the entire group of Yedayah had served.
(a) Question: The Mishnah said that the Yisraelim would gather and
read from Ma'ase Bereishis - how do we know this?
3) THE PRAYERS OF THE MA'AMAD
(b) Answer: Were it not for the Ma'amados, the world could not exist.
1. Avraham asked Hashem how he could be sure that his
descendants would inherit the land - perhaps they would sin
and be eradicated.
2. Hashem told him to perform the Bris Bein ha'B'sarim i.e.
3. When Avraham asked what would be when there is no Beis
ha'Mikdash, Hashem said that reciting the order of Korbanos
would be considered as bringing them and would earn
(a) (Beraisa) The men of the Mishmar would pray that the Korbanos
should be accepted in good will.
4) THE READING OF THE MA'AMAD
(b) The men of the Ma'amad would go to Shul and fast four times:
1. On Monday, for those sailing in boats;
(c) Question: Why didn't they fast on Sunday?
2. On Tuesday, for those travelling in the wilderness;
3. On Wednesday, that children shouldn't contract croup;
4. On Thursday, that pregnant women shouldn't miscarry and
nursing mothers should be able to nurse.
5. On Friday, they would not fast, out of respect for Shabbos;
and all the more so on Shabbos itself.
(d) Answer #1 (R. Yochanan): Because it is a Christian holiday.
(e) Answer #2 ( R. Shmuel bar Nachmani): Because it is the third day
from man's creation (when he is weak).
(f) Answer #3 (Resh Lakish): Because the extra Neshamah which was
given to man on Evev Shabbos has been removed, and he is weak.
(a) The Mishnah said that on Sunday they would read Bereishis and
(b) Bereishis would be read by two people, Yehi Rakiya by one.
(c) Question: Yehi Rakiya was read by one as it is only three
Pesukim; but how could Bereishis be read by two - it is only
five Pesukim, and each must read at least three?
(d) Answer #1 (Rav): The second person repeats the third Pasuk of the
(e) Answer #2 (Shmuel): The third Pasuk is split into two.
1. Question: Why didn't Rav say like Shmuel?
(f) Question: We find in a Beraisa that neither Rav nor Shmuel's
suggestion is given:
2. Answer: He held that we can't divide a Pasuk that Moshe
3. Question: How could Shmuel say that we split it up; R.
Chanina with great difficulty received permission to do so
only with schoolchildren?
4. Answer: Shmuel would hold that just as permission was given
in that case because there was no other solution, here too
there is no other solution and permission would be given.
5. Question: Why doesn't Shmuel hold that the second person
repeats the third Pasuk of the first person?
6. Answer: It is forbidden, in order to prevent problems of
latecomers thinking that the first person only read two
Pesukim, or early leavers thinking that the second person
will only read two Pesukim.
1. (During a regular reading) a section of six Pesukim is
read by two people, a section of five by one.
(g) Answer: Other solutions were given in that case because it was
possible to read also from the following section.
2. If one person read three Pesukim of the five-Pasuk
section, the second read the last two Pesukim plus one
Pasuk of the next section.
3. Some say they he should read three Pesukim of the next
section, as no less than three Pesukim should be read from