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by R. Nosson Slifkin
(a) (R. Nachman bar Yitzchak) Not everyone merits light, and not everyone merits joy;1. Tzadikim merit light, and Yesharim (the straight of heart) merit joy.
***** Perek Seder Ta'aniyos *****
2) MISHNAH: THE ORDER OF THE FAST DAY
(a) The order of the fast day is that they would place the Aron in the streets, and put ashes on it.1. They would also put ashes on the head of the Nasi and the Av Beis Din, and then everyone would put ashes on their own heads.(b) They would then be led in prayer by someone old, practiced, having children, and poor, so that he can pray with a full heart.
(c) There was a case when the people did not respond with "Amen"; instead, there was a call to blow Shofar.3) MISHNAH (Cont.) THE MISHMAROS AND THE BEIS AV1. The Chachamim responded that the custom was to do that only in Shaar ha'Mizrach and Har ha'Bayis.
(a) (R. Yehoshua)4) MISHNAH (Cont.) MEGILAS TA'ANIS1. For the first three fasts, the men of the Mishmar would fast but not all day, and the men of the Beis Av would not fast at all.(b) (Chachamim)
(a) Any day mentioned in Megilas Ta'anis as being forbidden for eulogies is likewise forbidden on the preceding day, but not on the following day.5) MISHNAH (Cont.) FASTS CONFLICTING WITH FESTIVALS1. (R. Yosi) It is forbidden on both the preceding and following day.(b) Any day mentioned in Megilas Ta'anis as being forbidden for fasting is permitted on both the preceding and following day.1. (R. Yosi) It is forbidden on the preceding day, but not on the following day.
(a) We don't decree an initial series of fasts beginning on Thursday, as it will drive food-prices up; instead, the first series of three fasts runs Monday-Thursday-Monday, and the second runs Thursday-Monday-Thursday.6) THE ARON1. (R. Yosi) Just as the first series cannot begin on a Monday, the same is true for the second and third series.(b) (Raban Gamliel) Fasts are not decreed upon the community on Rosh Chodesh, Chanukah or Purim; but if a series of fasts had already begun, it isn't stopped. (c) (R. Meir) Even though the fasts are not stopped, R. Gamliel agrees that one does not fast all day.1. The same applies to Tishah b'Av that fell on Erev Shabbos.
(a) The Mishnah said that the Aron is placed on the street, presumably even on the first fasts.7) THE ASHES
(a) The Mishnah said that first ashes were placed on the heads of the Nasi and the Av Beis Din, and then everyone would place ashes on their own heads.Next daf