POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafSukah 46
SUKA 36-56 (End of Maseches) have been dedicated by the wife and daughters
of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of
Queens N.Y. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will
long be remembered.
1) BERACHOS OVER THE LULAV AND SUKAH (cont'd)
(a) Question: How can Rabah b.b. Chanah hold that,
according to R. Yochanan, the Berachah over Lulav is
one day and over Sukah is seven, given that we have a
Beraisa which teaches the opposite!?
2) SHEHECHIYANU ON THE SUKAH
1. Upon making one's own Lulav one recites Shehechi-
yanu, and Al Netilas Lulav *each day* of its use.
(b) Answer: The Berachah over Sukah is a Machlokes Tanaim.
2. Upon making one's own Sukah one recites Shehechi-
yanu, and Leshev BaSukah is recited *once*.
3. Question: This contradicts Rabah b.b. Chanah both
regarding Lulav and Sukah!
4. Answer: The problem of Lulav may be addressed by
assuming that the Beraisa is speaking in the
Mikdash (Lulav all seven days is d'Oreisa).
5. Question: But Sukah remains a contradiction!?
1. (Rebbi) One recited the Berachah over Tefilin each
time during the day one dons them (even though the
Chiyuv has not been interrupted, like Sukah).
(c) (R. Yehudah citing Shmuel) The Berachah over Lulav is
2. (Rabanan) Only one Berachah (in the morning).
i. Abaye decided in favor of Rebbi and Rava in
favor of Rabanan.
3. We act in accordance with Rebbi regarding Sukah.
ii. Mari b.bas Shmuel reported that Rava acted in
accordance with Rebbi (Berachah each time).
i. Mar Zutra reported that R. Papi acted like
Rebbi and that the students of R. Ashi's
Yeshiva recited a Berachah each time they
felt (checked) their Tefilin.
(d) (R. Yehoshua b. Levi) Only the first day (d'Oreisa
outside the Mikdash) gets a Berachah, after which it is
Mitzvas Zekeinim (no Berachah).
(e) (R. Yitzhok) Every day is Mitzvas Zekeinim.
1. Question: But the first day is d'Oreisa!?
(f) Rav also holds (like Shmuel) that the Berachah is
2. Answer: We mean, except the first day.
3. Question: Then R. Yitzhok is the same as R.
Yehosua b. Levi (yet he appears to be stating a
4. Answer: He meant to support R. Yehoshua b. Levi.
1. This is learned from R. Chiya citing Rav regarding
(g) (R. Nachman b. Yitzhok) Rav taught the ruling regarding
Lulav explicitly (no need to infer it from Chanukah).
2. We may infer from Chanukah which is d'Rabanan to
the remaining days of Lulav.
i. (R. Yirmiyah) If one does not light Neiros
Chanukah he makes a Berachah when seeing the
Neiros of another Jew.
3. Question: What Berachah does he make?
ii. (R. Yehudah) The details of such Berachos.
4. Answer: Asher...Tzivanu LeHadlik Ner Shel
5. Question: Where did HaShem command this?
6. Answer: The command to listen to the Chachamim (Lo
7. Answer (R. Nachman b. Yitzhok): From She'al
(a) One who makes a Sukah recites Shehechiyanu.
3) THE BERACHAH OVER SIMULTANEOUS MITZVOS
(b) One who uses his Sukah recited Leshev BaSukah.
(c) If there is something to add or modify to an existing
Sukah he recited Shehechiyanu at that time; otherwise
it waits until the first use (two Berachos then).
(d) (R. Ashi) R. Kehana would recite both over Kidush.
(a) When performing several Mitzvos together one recites Al
4) OTHER TEACHINGS OF R. ZEIRA OR R. CHANINA B. PAPA
(b) (R. Yehudah) One recites a Berachah over each one.
(c) (R. Zeira or R. Chanina b. Papa) The Halachah follows
1. Question: What is R. Yehudah's rationale?
2. Answer: The Pasuk, Baruch HaShem Yom Yom (as
(a) HaShem is unlike Man regarding filling an empty vessel
versus filling a full one.
(b) One who is accustomed to listening (is full) hears more
(may be further filled) as indicated by the Pasuk.
5) EATING THE ESROG AFTER COMPLETING THE MITZVAH
(c) Alternately, one who reviews what he has learned hears
news, unlike one who gives up on reviewing (which is
considered Mefaneh Libo L'Vatalah - see Rashi).
(a) (R. Yochanan) The Esrog remains prohibited the entire
seventh day, and is permitted on the eighth, whereas
Sukah remains prohibited even on the eighth day.
6) TWO MORE TEACHINGS OF R. ZEIRA
(b) (Resh Lakish) Esrog is permitted even on the seventh.
1. Question: What is their Machlokes?
(c) Question (R. Papa): Why is Sukah (according to R.
Yochanan) different than Esrog?
2. Answer: Resh Lakish holds that the Esrog is only
designated for its Mitzvah; R. Yochanan holds that
the designation applies to the whole day.
3. Question (Resh Lakish to R. Yochanan): But our
Mishnah allows eating the Esrog of the children,
and, presumably, those of the adults, as well!?
4. Answer: No, only those of the children (see
5. Alternate rendition of the above steps: Question
(R. Yochanan to Resh Lakish): But our Mishnah only
permits the Esrogim of children, presumably those
of the adults would be prohibited!?
6. Answer: No, those of the adults are permitted, and
those of children are mentioned only as a common
(d) Answer (Abaye): Unlike Esrog, Sukah has use Bein
HaShemashos and thus becomes Muktzeh all day.
1. (Levi) The Esrog is indeed Muktzeh all of the
eighth day (like Sukah), since it was Muktzeh Bein
HaShemashos, given the doubt regarding the day.
2. (Avuha d'Shmuel) The Esrog is permitted on the
3. Avuha d'Shmuel later rescinded his position in
favor of Levi.
4. However, R. Zeira put forth the original view of
Avuha d'Shmuel (only prohibiting on the seventh).
(a) One should not give the Minim to a minor before
fulfilling one's Mitzvah on the first day (since they
may acquire it but cannot give it back).
7) THE MACHLOKES R. YOCHANAN AND RESH LAKISH (resumed)
(b) One should fulfill one's promises to a child lest they
learn to falsify.
(a) Rav and R. Asi argue over the same question (if the
Esrog is Muktzeh for its Mitzvah or for the day).
8) AN ESROG ON THE EIGHTH DAY IN CHUTZ LA'ARETZ
1. (R. Asi) If one designates an Esrog for each day
of Sukos, it may be eaten right after the Mitzvah.
2. (Rav) It may be eaten only the next day.
3. R. Asi learns like Resh Lakish and Rav like R.
(a) Question: What is the status of the Esrog outside of
Eretz Yisrael on the eighth day?
9) THE SUKAH ON THE EIGHTH DAY IN CHUTZ LA'ARETZ
(b) Answer (Abaye): It is prohibited, given the doubt.
(c) Answer (Mereimar): It is permitted, in spite the doubt.
(d) After reporting differing practices, the Halachah is
(a) (Rav, cited by R. Yehudah b.R. Shmuel b. Shilas) While
one must reside in the Sukah on the eighth (which may
be the seventh) day, one mentions Shemini Atzeres in
his Tefilos, not Sukos.
(b) (R. Yochanan) It is the eighth day in all regards.
(c) They are arguing over reciting a Berachah over the
Sukah on the eighth day (if it is the eighth in all
regards then a Berachah is not said), but they both
agree that one must reside in the Sukah on the eighth