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SUKA 36-56 (End of Maseches) have been dedicated by the wife and daughters
of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of
Queens N.Y. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will
long be remembered.
1) [line 1] MOSHE, SHAPIR KA'AMART?! - Leader of (or the Greatest Sage of)
the Generation, is what you are saying correct?
2) [line 1] ASUKEI MILSA HI - it is the conclusion of what he started saying
3) [line 7] KOFEL BAH DEVARIM - he would say the verses of Tehilim from "Ana
HaSh-m onwards" (118:25-29) twice each during his recitation of Halel
4) [line 8] MOSIF BAH DEVARIM - he added verses to the verses that Rebbi
repeated -- he would also repeat the words of the four Pesukim "Odecha Ki
Anisani", "Even Ma'asu", "Me'es" and "Zeh ha'Yom" (118:21-24)
5) [line 13] OVER L'ASIYASAN - before he performs them
6) [line 15] "VA'YARATZ .." - "Then Achima'atz ran by the way of the plain,
and overtook the Kushi." (Shmuel II 18:23)
7) [line 19] SHEVI'IS
The Torah requires that farmers desist from working the land every seventh
year, as described in Vayikra 25:1-7. The fruits that grow during the
seventh (Shevi'is) year are holy to the extent that 1. they must be
considered ownerless; anyone may come into any field and pick the fruit that
he intends to eat. 2. The fruits may not be bought and sold in a normal
fashion (see Insights). 3. The Torah requires that the fruits of Shevi'is be
used only for eating or drinking (in the normal manner of eating for that
type of fruit) or for burning to provide light (in the case of oil). They
may not be wasted or used for medicinal purposes or animal fodder, etc.
8) [line 22] MAVLI'A LEI DEMEI ESROG B'LULAV - he includes the value of the
Esrog in the price of the Lulav
9) [line 2] MESHUMAR - a field that was guarded during Shevi'is
10) [line 3] CHATZI ISAR - half of an Isar, a minimal amount (1 Isar = 6-8
Prutah - based on Kidushin 12a)
11a) [line 4] PIGAM - (O.F. rude) the herb rue
b) [line 5] YARBUZIN (O.F. hanfers, oiseles) sorrel, a kind of sour-leafed
plant found growing in meadows; strawberry-blight (alt. asparagus)
c) [line 5] SHITIM - (O.F. esparges) asparagus
d) [line 5] CHALAGLAGOS - (O.F. polpier) the purslane plant
12a) [line 5] KUSBAR - (O.F. allendre) coriander
b) [line 6] KARPAS - (O.F. cresson) cress; alt. (O.F. apie) smallage, wild
celery (that grows in river beds)
c) [line 6] GARGIR - (O.F. orugue) Eruca sativa, the rocket plant, a
medicinal plant that is beneficial for the eyes that grows in meadows;
d) [line] SHEL AFAR - that grows in a meadow
13) [line 7] MA'ASER (MA'ASER RISHON/MA'ASER SHENI)
(a) After a crop is harvested and brought to the owner's house or yard, he
must separate Terumah from the crop and give it to a Kohen. Although the
Torah does not specify the amount to be given, the Rabanan set the
requirement at one fiftieth of the total crop.
(b) After Terumah is removed from the produce, the first tithe to be given
every year is called Ma'aser Rishon; one tenth of the produce must be given
to a Levi.
(c) A second tithe is given every year after Ma'aser Rishon has been
separated. The tithe that is separated in the third and sixth years of the
7-year Shemitah cycle is called Ma'aser Ani and is given to the poor.
(d) The tithe that is separated during the first, second, fourth and fifth
years is called *Ma'aser Sheni*. The Torah requires that Ma'aser Sheni be
brought and eaten by its owner in Yerushalayim.
(e) Alternatively, Ma'aser Sheni produce may be redeemed, in which case the
money used to redeem it is brought to Yerushalayim. If the owner himself
redeems the produce, he must add an additional *fifth* (of the ensuing
total, or a *quarter* of the original value). The food that is bought with
this money in Yerushalayim becomes Kodesh like Ma'aser Sheni and must be
eaten b'Taharah. Ma'aser Sheni that was redeemed by anyone besides the owner
is exempt from the additional fifth.
14) [line 9] BI'CHDEI MAN SHANO - this Mishnah (Shevi'is 9:1) only teaches
that these plants may be bought during Shevi'is in the amount needed for a
person's food for one day
15) [line 16] CHANATAH - budding
16) [last line] ORLAH
(a) In the first three years after a fruit tree is planted, its fruits are
called Orlah and are Asurim b'Hana'ah, as it states in Vayikra 19:23.
(b) If a person eats a k'Zayis of Orlah fruit, he receives Malkos. If he
derives benefit from Orlah (or any other food that is Asur b'Hana'ah),
according to most Rishonim he is punished with Malkos (TOSFOS Chulin 120a DH
Ela), while according to others, he is only punished with Makas Mardus (a
Rabbinic institution of Malkos). (RAMBAM Hilchos Ma'achalos Asuros 8:16 --
see also Mishneh l'Melech to Yesodei ha'Torah 5:8)
17) [last line] NETA REVA'I
(a) In the first three years after a tree is planted, its fruits are called
Orlah and are Asurim b'Hana'ah, as it states in Vayikra 19:23. The fruits of
the fourth year are called Neta Reva'i and are Kodesh (holy) (ibid. 19:24).
They must be brought to and eaten b'Taharah in Yerushalayim. Alternatively,
the fruits may be redeemed (Pidyon), in which case the money used to redeem
them is brought to Yerushalayim. The food that is bought with this money is
Kodesh like Neta Reva'i and must be eaten b'Taharah in Yerushalayim.
(b) The Gemara records an argument as to whether the laws of Neta Reva'i
apply to all fruits or only to grapes (Kerem Reva'i). The Halachah in Eretz
Yisrael follows the opinion that the laws of Neta Reva'i apply to all fruits
(SHULCHAN ARUCH Yoreh De'ah 294:6).
(c) With regard to fruits that grew outside of Eretz Yisrael, there are
three opinions: 1. RABEINU YONAH to Berachos 35a, quoting RI HA'ZAKEN,
states that they have the same Halachah as fruits in Eretz Yisrael, and
require Pidyon; 2. The RAMBAM (Hilchos Ma'achalos Asuros 10:15) rules that
they do not require Pidyon; 3. GE'ONIM, TOSFOS Berachos 35a DH u'Leman and
ROSH to Berachos 35a explain that the rule, "the Halachah in Chutz la'Aretz
follows the opinion of those who hold the lenient opinion in Eretz Yisrael"
applies to Neta Reva'i. The lenient opinion is Kerem Reva'i, where the laws
of Kedushah and Pidyon apply only to grapes. Accordingly, only fourth-year
*grapes* need Pidyon.
(d) The SHACH (Yoreh De'ah 294:17) concludes that *all* fourth-year fruits
of Chutz la'Aretz should be redeemed without a Berachah in Chutz la'Aretz.
The Vilna Ga'on (ibid. 294:28) rules like the third opinion, 3., in which
case only grapes need Pidyon in Chutz la'Aretz, and a Berachah is recited on