REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sotah 37
SOTAH 37 (3 Shevat) - Dedicated l'Iluy Nishmas: R' Zvi ben R' Zev zt'l --
HaRav Hirschel Milner, who passed away on 3 Shevat 5755 (January 4, 1995),
by his granddaughter, Chani (Pogrow) Shaw and family.
(a) Rav Yitzchak stated above that Yehudah, who sanctified Hashem's Name in
public, merited that his name contained the four letters of the Name of
Hashem. Yehudah himself did so by confessing to his role in the episode with
Tamar, as we learned in the first Perek.
In what way did his tribe take
their cue from him?
(b) This is according to the opinion of Rebbi Yehudah. According to Rebbi
Meir, Yehudah was not the first tribe to jump into the sea at all.
he learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim ...
- ... "Sham Binyamin Tza'ir Rodeim"?
- ... "Sarei Yehudah Rigmasam"?
- ... "u'Vein Keseifav Shachein"?
(a) Who said "Hoshi'eini Elokim Ki Ba'u Mayim ad Nafesh ... " (Tehilim)?
(b) What was Moshe doing during this time?
(c) What did Hashem reply when Moshe asked him what he needs to do if not to
(d) What is the connection between the above episode and the Pesukim in
Hallel "Haysah Yehudah le'Kodsho Yisrael Mamshelosav. ha'Yam Ra'ah
va'Yonos", according to Rebbi Yehudah?
(a) The Pasuk in Ki Savo implies that the tribe of Levi climbed mount
Answers to questions
What does the Pasuk in Yehoshua say?
(b) According to Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov, it was the elders of Levi who
climbed the mountain, whilst the remainder of the tribe remained below with
the Aron. Rebbi Yashiyah says almost the opposite.
What does he say?
(c) Rebbi, following the Pasuk in Yehoshua, maintains that nobody actually
climbed either mountain at all.
How does he explain the Pasuk in Ki Savo
"Eileh Ya'amdu le'Varech es ha'Am *Al* Har Gerizim"?
(d) What does Rebbi learn from the Pasuk ...
- ... "ve'Nasata al ha'Ma'araches Levonah Zakah"?
- ... "ve'Sakosa al ha'Aron es ha'Paroches"?
(a) The Tana of the Beraisa says (regarding the B'rachos and the K'lalos)
'Baruch bi'Ch'lal, Baruch bi'F'rat, Arur bi'Ch'lal, Arur bi'F'rat'.
is he referring to when he says ...
(b) Then what is he actually saying?
- ... 'K'lal'?
- ... 'P'rat'?
(c) And what does he mean when he adds 'li'Lmod, u'Lelamed, li'Shmor
(d) What is then the total number of covenants that accompanies each of the
Mitzvos at this point?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Ki Savo ...
(b) So how many B'risos did Hashem strike with K'lal Yisrael in total?
- ... "Eileh Divrei ha'B'ris Asher Tzivah Hashem es Moshe"?
- ... "Mi'levad ha'B'ris Asher Karas Itam be'Chorev"?
(a) Rebbi Shimon agrees with the forty-eight covenants, but disagrees with
the fact that sixteen of them were made at Har Gerizim and Har Eival.
what basis does he omit that location from the list of covenants?
(b) Then where was the third set of covenants struck?
(c) In fact, the Tana Kama of the previous Beraisa concurs with Rebbi
Yishmael in another Beraisa, whilst Rebbi Shimon holds like Rebbi Akiva
Does this mean that according to the former, no covenant at all was
made in the Ohel Mo'ed?
(a) Rebbi Shimon ben Yehudah Ish K'far Ako quotes Rebbi Shimon as saying
that, in view of the above, every single Jew accepted six hundred and three
thousand, five hundred and fifty times forty-eight covenants incorporating
What is Arvus?
(b) Rebbi disagrees with the Tana Kama's interpretation of Rebbi Shimon ben
Yehudah Ish K'far Ako's quotation of Rebbi Shimon.
What are the
ramifications of the same amount of covenants that he adds to Rebbi Shim's
(a) Who was Rebbi Yehudah bar Nachmeini?
(b) What problem did he have with the Pasuk "Arur ha'Ish Asher Ya'aseh Pesel
u'Maseichah ... "?
(c) So how did he interpret it?
(a) 'Kol ha'Parshah Kulah ... ' does imply however, that Rebbi Yehudah bar
Nachmeini learns all the twelve curses in this way (see Agados Maharsha).
The Hekesh comparing the B'rachos to the K'lalos incorporates five Halachos:
that the B'rachos too, must be said by the Levi'im; that they must be
announced in a loud voice and in Lashon ha'Kodesh (like the K'lalos).
How does he interpret in this light, the curses of ...
(b) Having already written "Eileh Ya'amdu le'Varech es ha'Am ... ve'Eileh
Ya'amdu Al ha'Kelalah", why does the Torah need to add "ve'Nasata es
ha'B'rachah al Har Gerizim ve'es ha'K'lalah Al Har Eival"?
- ... "Shochev Im Chosanto, Eishes Aviv and Achoso"?
- ... "Shochev Im Kol Beheimah"?
- ... "Mekalel Aviv ve'Imo"?
(c) And what do we learn from the fact that "B'rachah u'K'lalah" are written
in the singular?
(d) In fact, the Pasuk lists only the K'lalos (and not the B'rachos). From
where do we learn that all the Halachic details that pertain to the K'lalos
pertain also to the B'rachos?
are other two?
(a) What is the significance of the fact that Birchas Kohanim is said as
three B'rachos outside the Beis-Hamikdash?
(b) Then why in the Beis-Hamikdash, is it said as one B'rachah?
(c) What other difference does the Tana of our Mishnah list between the two
as regards ...
(d) Why did the Kohanim raise their hands above their heads in the Beis
- ... the way the Kohanim recite it?
- ... the Kohanim place their hands?
(a) The one exception, in this latter Halachah, according to the Tana Kama,
is the Kohen Gadol, who does not differentiate between inside the
Beis-Hamikdash and outside it.
Answers to questions
Why is that?
(b) Rebbi Yehudah disagrees.
What does he learn from the Pasuk in Shemini
"va'Yisa Aharon es Yadav el ha'Am va'Yevarchem"?