POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Sotah 41
SOTAH 41 (7 Shevat) - This day's Daf has been dedicated by Danny Schwartz,
l'Iluy Nishmas Yochanan Shabsai ben Yair, Z"L, whose Yahrzeit is today.
1) THE READING OF THE KOHEN GADOL
(a) (Mishnah): He reads from the Parshiyos "Acharei Mos" and
2) THE BLESSINGS
(b) Contradiction (Mishnah): One may skip from Parsha to
Parsha when reading (for the congregation) from the
prophets, but not when reading the Torah.
(c) Answer #1 (Abaye): One may skip (when reading the Torah)
only if the Torah can be rolled to the next Parsha within
the time that the translator translates the last verse.
(d) Objection (Beraisa): One may skip when reading from the
prophets, but not when reading the Torah; the skip must
be so short that the Sefer can be rolled to the next
Parsha within the time that the translator translates the
1. This implies that even such skipping is not allowed
in the Torah!
(e) Answer #2 (Abaye): One may skip to a related Parsha, not
to an unrelated Parsha.
1. Support (Beraisa): One may skip in the Torah to a
related Parsha; in the prophets, even to an
unrelated Parsha; in both cases, we must be able to
roll the Sefer to the next Parsha within the time to
translate the last verse;
(f) (Mishnah): He rolls the Torah (and says 'There is more
2. We may not skip from 1 prophet to another; this is
only allowed within the 12 minor prophets, and only
from an earlier prophet to a later one.
(g) Question: Why must he say this?
(h) Answer: So people should not say that the Sefer Torah is
(i) He reads by heart the Parsha in Sefer Bamidbar about the
sacrifices of Yom Kipur.
(j) Question: Why not roll the Sefer Torah and read from it?
(k) Answer (Rav Sheshes): We do not roll a Sefer Torah in a
(l) Question: Why not bring a 2nd Sefer Torah and read from
(m) Answer #1 (Rav Huna bar Yehudah): Lest people say that
the brought a 2nd Sefer because the 1st is invalid.
(n) Answer #2 (Reish Lakish): This would case an unnecessary
blessing (on reading from the 2nd Sefer).
(o) Question (on Rav Huna bar Yehudah): Are we really
concerned that people will say that the Sefer is
1. (R. Yitzchak Nafcha): When Rosh Chodesh Teves falls
on Shabbos, 3 Sifrei Torah are taken out. In 1 we
read from the usual weekly Parsha; in 1, the
sacrifice of Rosh Chodesh; in 1, the reading
appropriate to that day of Chanukah.
(p) Answer: People will not say that the Sefer is invalid if
3 people read from 3 Sefarim, but they will say so if 1
person reads from 2 Sefarim.
(a) (Mishnah): He would bless 8 blessings ...
3) THE KING'S READING
(b) (Beraisa): He blesses on reading the Torah, as we do in
synagogue; on the Temple service, of thanks, of
forgiveness of sin, as enacted (to say in the Amidah
prayer); a special blessing for the Mikdash; a special
blessing for the Kohanim; a special blessing for Yisrael;
and a special blessing for Yerushalayim;
(c) (Mishnah): And the rest of the prayer.
(d) (Beraisa): The rest of the prayer - supplication, joyous
song, and request, that your nation Yisrael needs
salvation; he concludes, 'He who hears prayer'.
1. After this, everyone brings his Sefer Torah from his
house and reads in it.
2. Question: Why?
3. Answer: So all will see its beauty.
(a) (Mishnah): The king's reading was the night after the 1st
day of Sukos, in the 8th (year of the Shemitah cycle),
the year after Shemitah - "At the end of 7 years, in the
(b) They make a podium of wood in the courtyard, and he sits
(c) The overseer of the synagogue would give the Sefer Torah
to the head of the synagogue; he would give it to the
vice-Kohen Gadol; he would give it to the Kohen Gadol,
who would give it to the king.
(d) The king stands up and receives the Torah and sits down
and reads; King Agripas read standing, and Chachamim
praised him for this.
1. When he read "You may not put a foreigner (as king)
upon yourselves", tears flowed from his eyes.
(e) He reads from the beginning of Sefer Devarim until Shema
Yisrael; the Parshiyos of Shema Yisrael and "If you will
hear"; "Tithe" and "When you will finish tithing"; the
Parsha of the king; and the blessings and curses (on Har
Gerizim and Har Eival, and the other curses in Ki Savo).
2. Chachamim told him: 'Don't worry - you are our
(f) The king makes the same blessings as the Kohen Gadol,
except that he substitutes a blessing for the festival in
place of the blessing for forgiveness of sin.
(g) (Gemara) Question: Can it really be b'Shmini (the 8th,
masculine, implying the 8th day of Sukos)?!
(h) Answer: Rather, b'Shminis (the 8th, feminine, implying
the 8th year of the Shemitah cycle).
(i) Question: Why does the Torah say - "At the end of 7
years, in the festival, the Shemitah year, on the
festival of Sukos"- some of this is unnecessary!
(j) Answer: If the Torah only wrote "At the end of 7 years",
one might have thought that the Parsha is read 7 years
after Moshe said this (in Arvos Mo'av), even though
Shemitah did not yet apply - therefore, it says "the
(k) If the Torah only wrote "In the Shemitah year", one might
have thought at the end of the year - therefore, it says
"in the festival".
(l) If the Torah only wrote "In the festival", one might have
thought on Rosh Hashanah - therefore, it says "On Sukos".
(m) If the Torah only wrote "On Sukos", one might have
thought even the last day of Yom Tov - therefore, it says
"When all of Yisrael comes", i.e. at the beginning of the
(n) (Mishnah): The overseer of the synagogue would give the
Sefer Torah to the head of the synagogue ...
1. Suggestion: We learn from this that one may honor a
Talmid in front of his Rebbi.
(o) Rejection (Abaye): No, this is all done to honor the
(p) (Mishnah): The king stands up and receives the Torah and
sits down and reads; King Agripas read standing ...
(q) Objection: 'He stands' - this implies, he was sitting -
but only kings of the Davidic line may sit in the
(r) Answer: This takes place in the women's courtyard (where
sitting is allowed), as Rav Chisda said to answer a
(s) (Mishnah): Chachamim praised him for this.
(t) Question: But Rav Ashi taught, even the opinion that says
that a Nasi (the theocratic head of Yisrael) may pardon
the honor due to himself, a king may not!
1. "Put, You will place a king upon yourself" - his
fear must be upon you.
(u) Answer: A king may pardon his honor for a Mitzvah.
(a) (Mishnah): When he read "You may not put..."
(b) (Beraisa - R. Noson): When they told him that he was
their brother (i.e. fit to be king), the haters of (a
euphemism) Yisrael deserved to be destroyed for
(c) (R. Shimon ben Chalifta): From the day that flattery
became rampant, judgments became distorted, deeds became
spoiled, and no one can say 'My deeds are better than
(d) (R. Yehudah bar Ma'arava): It is permitted to flatter the
wicked in this world - "(in the world to come) a base
person will not be called generous, the drunkard will not
be called 'master'".
1. This implies, this is permitted in this world.
(e) (Reish Lakish): We learn this from Yakov - "(Seeing you
(Esav)) is as seeing an angel, and I found favor with
(f) This is unlike R. Levi.
1. (R. Levi): What Yakov told Esav is as a man that was
invited to eat, and sensed that his host wanted to
kill him. He told his host 'This food tastes like
what I ate by the king'.
(g) (R. Elazar): Any flatterer brings anger to the world -
"Flatterers at heart put anger".
i. The host thought that the king knows his guest,
and he was afraid to kill him.
1. Also - his prayer is not heard - "They will not be
saved when afflicted".
(h) (R. Elazar): Any person that flatters, even fetuses in
the womb curse him.
(i) (R. Elazar): Any person that flatters falls into Gehinom,
even fetuses in the womb curse him.
(j) (R. Elazar): If Reuven flatters Shimon, he will
eventually fall into Shimon's hands; if not, then into
the hands of Shimon's sons; if not, in the hands of his
1. We learn from Yirmeyahu, who supported Chananyah's
false prophecy; Chananyah's grandson later seized
Yirmeyahu and handed him over to the Babylonian