REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafShekalim 4
(a) Levi'im, Yisraelim, Geirim and freed slaves had to pay Kalbon.
Kalbon and which four groups were exempt from paying it?
(b) If someone who was Patur from paying Kalbon borrowed from someone who
was Chayav, was he obligated to pay Kalbon?
(c) How many Kalbonos did someone who paid one Shekel on behalf of himself
and his friend (in the form of a loan) have to pay according to the Tana
Kama, and what is the reason for this?
(d) What does Rebbi Meir hold in this case?
(a) How do we reconcile the Reisha of the Mishnah, which states that we
claim the half-Shekel from a Katan, with the Seifa, which exempts him
(b) Gentiles are permitted to bring voluntary sacrifices.
What do we learn
from the Pasuk in Terumah "Daber el *B'nei Yisrael* ve'Yikchu Li Terumah"?
(c) Our Mishnah seems to places a Kuti on a par with a gentile. How does
Rebbi Elazar establish the Mishnah even according to the Rabbanan of Rebbi,
who considers Kutim to be gentiles in all regards?
(d) What is the proof for Rebbi Elazar from the Beraisa "Adam (Ki Yakriv)" -
'Lerabos es ha'Geirim; "Mikem (Korban)" - 'Lema'et es ha'Mumarin'?
(a) What is wrong with establishing the Seifa of the Mishnah (regarding
Kinei Zavin ve'Zavos) by gentiles?
(b) So we establish the Reisha by gentiles and the Seifa by Kutim.
(c) But did we not learn earlier (from Ezra), asks the Gemara, that one
cannot accept anything from the Kutim for the building of the Beis
Hamikdash? So how can we establish the Reisha by gentiles - and not by
What distinction does Rebbi Yochanan make to reconcile the Mishnah
with that Halachah? What is a Davar Mesuyam (see Tiklin Chadtin)?
(d) How will Rebbi Yochanan interpret the Beraisa: 'Ein Mekablin Meihen
Hekdesh u'Nedavah le'Bedek ha'Bayis'?
(a) According to Resh Lakish, one may not even accept something that is not
How will he establish our Mishnah?
(b) How will Resh Lakish explain the Mishnah in Erchin: 'ha'Kol Shavin
she'Hein (Nochrim) Nodrin (ve'Nidarin)'?
(c) And how will he then interpret 've'Nidarin'? How can a gentile be forced
to bring a sacrifice against his will?
(d) What remains difficult on Resh Lakish from the fact that every Neder and
Nedavah requires Nesachim?
(a) Why is the above Kashya (that every Neder and Nedavah requires Nesachim
- which goes towards purchasing K'lei Shares) just as much a Kashya on Rebbi
Yochanan as it is on Resh Lakish?
Answers to questions
(b) We answer Rebbi Yochanan with another Kashya from the Mishnah in Erchin:
What is the Kashya from there?
(c) How do we now answer both Kashyos with one stroke?
(a) How does Resh Lakish explain the Pasuk in Ezra "Lo Lachem ve'Lanu Livnos
es Beis Elokeinu", which implies that one may accept nothing at all from
(b) May one accept donations towards the maintenence of Yerushalayim (such
as the streams of water, the walls and the towers) from them?
(a) Why must the author of our Mishnah: 've'Eilu Chayavin be'Kalbon' ... be
(b) How does Rebbi learn that from the Pasuk in Ki Sisa "Zeh Yitnu"?
(a) According to Rebbi Elazar, the author of our Mishnah: 'ha'Nosen Sela
ve'Notel Shekel, Chayav Sh'tei Kalbonos' is Rebbi Meir.
Why does he give
(b) According to Rav, even the Rabbanan will agree that, in *this* case, one
gives two Kalbonos.
Why is that?
(c) In that case, what does Rebbi Meir hold?
(a) Whenever partners are Chayav Kalbon, they are Patur from Ma'aser
Answers to questions
When a father dies and leaves his sons animals, are they Chayav
Ma'aser (and Patur from Kalbon) or Patur from Ma'aser (and Chayav Kalbon)?
(b) In which case then do they become Patur from Ma'aser Beheimah?
(c) Rebbi Elazar differentiates between when the brothers divide kids
against kids and goats against goats, and when they divide kids against
What is the difference?
(d) Rebbi Yochanan establishes the Petur from Ma'aser even if they divide
kids against kids and goats against goats.
Why is that?