POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafShekalim 6
SHEKALIM 6-8 (1-3 Teves) - the Dafyomi study for the last days of Chanukah
and 3 Teves has been dedicated to the memory of Hagaon Rav Yisrael Zev
Gustman ZaTZaL (author of "Kuntresei Shiurim") and his wife (on her
Yahrzeit), by a student who merited to study under him.
1) MISHNAH: DEALING WITH THE SURPLUS CHANGE WHICH A PERSON COLLECTED
(a) One who saves coins for his Shekel and discovers that he has
designated more than he needs for the Shekel:
2) A COLLECTION OF PERUTOS OR A HANDFUL OF COINS?
1. [Beis Shamai] The surplus is Nedavah.
(b) If he specifically indicated that *from* these coins he will
bring the Shekel, then all agree that the surplus is Chulin.
2. [Beis Hillel] The surplus is Chulin.
(c) If the designation was "these will be for my Chatas" then all
agree that the balance becomes Nedavah.
(d) Again, if it was *from* these, then the balance is Chulin.
(e) Question [R. Shimon]: What is the difference between Shekalim and
(f) Answer: Shekalim has a set limit, whereas Chatas does not.
(g) [R. Yehudah] Shekalim also has no limit.
1. Upon their return from Bavel Bnei Yisrael used Darkonim as
(h) [R. Shimon] Still, everyone gave an equal amount (unlike by
Chatas which may vary from person to person).
2. Subsequently they went back to Sela'im.
3. Subsequently they went to Tiv'in.
(i) They wanted to give Dinarim (half-Tiv'in but less than
the value of a half-Shekel).
(ii) They did not accept this (reduced value).
(a) [R. Yosi] The dispute in the Mishnah is over a collection of
Perutos (and he has lost track of how many he has).
3) ERRORS IN DESIGNATION
(b) If, however, he took a sum of money and designated it, the
balance is certainly Nedavah.
(c) [R. Chiya and R. Bibi] If he took a sum, the balance is *Chulin*.
(d) [R. Chiya] Our Mishnah supports R. Bibi (since the distinction
made by R. Shimon can only be seen according to R. Bibi).
(e) Question: What will R. Yosi do with this indication.
(f) Answer: The distinction made by R. Shimon is found only within
Beis Hillel when the person collected Perutos.
(g) Question: But the Mishnah later teaches that the balance is
Chulin (when will this be so)!?
(h) Answer: The same answer as (f).
(a) One who designated money but is exempt from giving a shekel, such
funds are clearly Chulin.
4) CHANGES IN THE LOCAL CURRENCY
(b) Question: If he designated two and later found out that he only
owes one half-Shekel (what becomes of the second)?
(c) Answer: We may infer the answer from the same case regarding
Chatas where the Bereisa teaches that the second Chatas ends up
(d) The Halachah here will follow the Din by "these coins are for my
(a) As we learned in our Mishnah, as the currency changed, they would
give the half of that currency, but not less than the value of a
half-Shekel (as indicated by the Pasuk in Nechemyah).
5) ALLUSIONS IN THE PASUK
(b) The larger coins were used in the time of Nechemyah, a *third* of
which equaled the half-Shekel of the Torah.
(a) We learn from here that a person must give Tzedakah three times
(b) We also learn that more than three annual Tzedakah campaigns is a
burden for the community.
(c) This is the source for three Sela'im, three Kupos and three
(d) [R. Yehudah] The Pasuk alludes to the fact that Bnei Yisrael
sinned at midday (hence the *half* coin).
(e) [R. Nechemyah] The Pasuk requires a half-Shekel which is made of
six Garmesin, because their sin took place at the sixth hour.
(f) The coin had the weight of 10 Gera, owing to their violation of
the ten commandments.
(g) Because Rachel's firstborn (Yosef) was sold for 20 Kesef, let
every firstborn be redeemed for that amount (20 Dinarim = five
(h) Each brother ended up with one Tiv'a, therefore the annual
donation must be a Shekel worth a Tiv'a.
6) MISHNAH: OTHER "EXTRAS"
(a) The surplus Shekalim are Chulin.
7) SURPLUS COINS, SURPLUS EIFAH
(b) The surplus tenth of an Eifah (poorest offering) as well as the
other offerings listed are Nedavah.
(c) As a rule, leftover of any "deficit" offering is Nedavah.
(d) Olah, Mincha, Shelamim, Pesach, Nezirim their surplus is like
(e) The surplus of a Nazir goes to Nedavah.
(a) Question: What if one set aside his Shekel and then died?
8) SURPLUS PESACH BECOMING A SHELAMIM
(b) Answer: They are placed in the box of Nedavah.
(c) The surplus from the tenth of an Eifah of the Kohen Gadol:
1. R. Yochanan holds it is thrown into the Dead Sea.
(d) Question: Our Mishnah (6.b. above) goes against R. Yochanan!?
2. R. Elazar says that they go to Nedavah.
(e) Answer: The Mishnah is speaking of the surplus from a Yisrael
(Minchas Chotei), not of the Kohen Gadol.
(a) Question: How do we know that (surplus) Pesach can be Shelamim?
9) THE STATUS OF THE PESACH IN THE FACE OF LISHMAH ERRORS
(b) Answer: The Pasuk [Min HaTzon...l'Zevach Shelamim] implies that
any Korban which comes from Tzon can be brought as Shelamim.
(c) Question: But an Olah *also* comes from Tzon!?
(d) Answer: The Pasuk speaks of Korbanos which *exclusively* come
(e) Question: But an Asham *only* comes from Tzon!?
(f) Answer: The Pasuk speaks of Korbanos which can come from *any*
Tzon (including Izim), not only from Kevasim and Aylim.
(g) Question: "Min" normally excludes, yet here it includes?!
(h) Answer: Here, too, it excludes (over one year old or a female).
(i) Question: The Pasuk [Min HaTzon...l'Olah] can be understood to
mean that the surplus Pesach is brought as an Olah!?
(j) Answer #1: Compare edible Korbanos with edible Korbanos.
(k) Answer #2: It makes more sense to switch Kodeshim Kalim to a
different Kodeshim Kalim, and not to Kodeshei Kodeshim.
(a) [R. Yochanan] A Pesach switches to a Shelamim not only if it were
slaughtered to be a Shelamim, but even if it were slaughtered as
(b) Question: What is R. Yochanan's rationale?
(c) Answer: The Pasuk implies that all forms of Korbanos revert to
(d) Question: What about an invalidating thought regarding an Olah?
1. If the invalidation is universal (such as Chutz leZemano)
then it will certainly invalidate here!
(e) If the thought of an Olah renders it Pasul, then it will not
become Pigul (and conversely).
2. Pigul only applies if there is no other invalidation.
(f) Question: What of a Pesach slaughtered (throughout the year) with
both Lishmah and SheLo Lishmah thoughts?
(g) Answer: It is Kosher (given the power of Lishmah to overcome the
absence of any thought).
(h) Question: If the "good" thought is so powerful then it should
even address a Pesach slaughtered Lishmah with intent to do the
Zerikah SheLo Lishmah, by neutralizing the intent!?
(i) Answer: Shetikah, per se, does not make it Kosher, unless he has
undone the Lishmah of the Shechitah.