ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafShabbos 105
(a) Notrikun means acronym.
1. "Ki *Av* Hamon Goyim Nesaticha" - stands for 'Av Nesaticha ba'Umos',
Bachur Nesaticha ba'Umos' (Av in wisdom, and Bachur in strength);
2. "*Anochi* Hashem Elokecha" - stands for ...
(A) ... 'Ana Nafshi Kesavis Yehavis' (Hashem Himself wrote and gave the
Torah - alternatively, Hashem [Kevayachol] wrote and gave us His Nefesh);
3. "Ki *Yarat* ha'Derech Lenegdi" - stands for 'Yar'ah, Ra'asah, Natsah'
(It - the ass - saw, it was afraid and it turned aside).
(B) ... 'Amirah Ne'imah (a pleasant Torah) Kesavis Yehavis' (I wrote and
(C) ... 'Yehivah Kesivah, Ne'emanim Amareha'.
4. "Karmel" - stands for 'KaR (the outer casing of the wheat-kernel)
5. "ve'Hu Kilelani Kelalah *Nimretzes*" - 'No'ef Hu (Shim'i ben Geira),
Mo'ovi Hu, Rotzei'ach Hu, Tzorer Hu, To'eivah Hu'.
6. "Mah Nedaber u'Mah *Nitztadak*" - 'Nechonim Anachnu, Tzadikim Anachnu,
Tehorim Anachnu, Dakim Anachnu, Kedoshim Anachnu'.
(a) Someone who writes one letter on Shabbos morning and one in the
afternoon is Patur according to the Rabbanan - because he had sufficient
time in between to remember that it is Shabbos, and a Yedi'ah is Mechalek.
Hadran Alach, 'ha'Oreg'!
(b) He is nevertheless Chayav, according to Rabban Gamliel, because he
holds 'Ein Yedi'ah la'Chatzi Shiur'.
Perek Rebbi Eliezer
(a) According to Rebbi Eliezer, the Shiur for weaving Lechatchilah is
*three* threads, but as little as *one* thread, if one merely adds to a
(b) The Shiur for weaving a sieve or a basket is two Batei Nirin (the top
row and the bottom row of the Erev).
(c) The Shiur for sewing is two threads, and for tearing, sufficient fabric
to stitch two threads.
(d) According to one explanation, Rebbi Eliezer will agree that if the
threads are thin, then one is Chayav even for *two* threads. Why is that?
Because his reason for requiring *three* threads is because two *thick*
threads easily come undone; which is not the case by two *thin* ones.
According to the second explanation, it is when the threads are thin that
Rebbi Eliezer requires *three*, because two thin threads are not readily
noticeable; whereas two thick threads, *are*.
(a) K'Melo ha'Sit is the space between the extended fore and middle
(b) The Shiur for weaving two threads at the edge of a fabric is the width
of three Batei Nirin (which are very close to each other. This is because
sometimes one weaves a narrow belt, which is no more than three Batei Nirin
(c) In order to be Chayav, one needs to arrange each thread through two
Batei Nirin and once over the thread of the Nira (I am not clear what this
means - Logically, it would appear to mean 'over the end beam [the Koved],
where it is tied).
(a) The Tana saw fit to repeat the Melachos of tearing and sowing here, as
an introduction to 'ha'Korei'a ba'Chamaso' etc., in the next Mishnah.
(b) 'ha'Korei'a al Menas Litfor Shtei Tefiros' - speaks when there is a
bulge in the woven fabric; one makes a tear at the edge of the fabric, and
then sews it together with the bulge removed.
(c) The Shiur of bleaching, splitting the threads, dyeing and spinning is a
double Me'lo ha'Sit, and that of weaving, one Me'lo ha'Sit.
(a) One is Chayav for tearing Keri'ah for one's own dead relative (for whom
one is obligated to mourn), for tearing for a Talmid-Chacham, and for any
Jew, if one is present at the moment of death - since by all of these,
there is an obligation to tear Keri'ah.
(b) One's children are liable to die young, if he does not mourn
sufficiently for Talmidei-Chachamim.
(c) On the other hand, someone who cries over Talmidei-Chachamim who die,
merits forgiveness for all his sins.
(d) A person who is present at the death of another Jew should tear
Keri'ah, because every Jew has learnt some Torah and kept some Mitzvos.
Consequently, he is like a Sefer-Torah, and one is obligated to tear
Keri'ah for a Sefer-Torah which burnt.
(a) Someone who tears Keri'ah on a close relative on Shabbos has fulfilled
his obligation to tear Keri'ah, despite the fact that he is Chayav Kares
for performing a Melachah on Shabbos.
(b) Our Mishnah, which rules 'ha'Korei'a ba'Chamaso, Patur', goes according
to Rebbi Shimon, who holds 'Melachah she'Einah Tzerichah le'Gufah, Patur'
whereas the Beraisa, which says that he is Chayav, follows the opinion of
Rebbi Yehudah, who holds 'Melachah she'Einah Tzerichah le'Gufah, Chayav'.
(c) 'ha'Korei'a ba'Chamamaso' is Chayav' according to Rebbi Yehudah - it is
*not* an act of destruction - because it speaks about someone who tears
Keri'ah in order to gain the awe of his family, that they should learn to
(a) No! it is not permitted to tear one's clothes in anger.
(b) Doing this is compared to serving idols, since one falls into the
clutches and control of the Yetzer ha'Ra - Today, he causes one to fly into
a temper, tomorrow, he will order him to go and serve idols, and once
again, he will be powerless to resist.
(c) "Lo Yihye Becha El Zar" - teaches us precisely what we just said,
namely, that one should not nurture within oneself a foreign god - the
(a) We learn from the Pasuk "Nodi Safartah Atah Simah Dim'asi be'Nodcha" -
that Hashem takes the tears of anyone who weeps for a Talmid-Chacham who
died, and places them in his treasury.
(b) Hashem threatened to kill the people with a mountain, after Yehoshua's
death - because they were lax in eulogizing Yehoshua properly.
(c) Someone who is lax in eulogizing a Talmid-Chachamim properly will not
be Ma'arich Yamim - he did not mourn when Talmidei-Chachamim died, so in
Heaven, they will not be concerned about his life, either.
(a) "... Yemei ha'Zekenim Asher He'erichu Yamim Acharei Yehoshua" - The
Pasuk only says that they were Ma'arich *Yamim*, days, but not years (we
will then have to say that the 'Eino Ma'arich *Yamim'* of Chazal, means
*Shanim*, presumably because Chazal tend to use different expressions than
Some say that it is the oldest brother who died. If the Midas ha'Din caught
up with the head of the household, then there is every reason to worry.
Others say that it is the youngest brother who died, and the reason that
they all need to worry is because when it comes to punishment, Divine
retribution begins from the youngest.
(b) "Lema'an Yirbu Yemeichem" is written by Berachah, and 'Yamim' by
Berachah can mean 'Shanim', too.