THOUGHTS ON THE DAILY DAF
brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Har Nof
Rosh Kollel: Rav Mordecai Kornfeld
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1) A BASKET IN RESHUS HA'RABIM
QUESTION: The Gemara says that if our Mishnah is talking about a person
putting an object in the *basket* held by a person in Reshus ha'Yachid, it
could even be consistent with Rebbi Yosi Bar Yehudah, Even though Rebbi
Yosi Bar Yehudah says that a basket which is four by four Tefachim in
Reshus ha'Rabim is considered a *Reshus ha'Yachid*, that is only if it is
above ten Tefachim. If it is within ten Tefachim of the ground of Reshus
ha'Rabim, it is considered part of Reshus ha'Rabim.
Why is the basket considered part of Reshus ha'Rabim? It should be a
Karmelis, because it is four by four Tefachim and less than ten Tefachim
high. Why, then, is one Chayav for transferring an object from Reshus
ha'Yachid into this basket?
TOSFOS (DH Kan) answers that a *utensil*, such as a basket, can
never be considered a Karmelis. Rather, it remains subordinate to Reshus
ha'Rabim and it is not a Makom Petur or a Karmelis.
RASHI (8a DH Pachos mi'Ken) makes a similar statement: the Rabanan do not
declare a utensil to be a Karmelis since if one cannot transfer objects
between it and its surrounding Reshus ha'Rabim, it is not unusable as a
2) WALKING IS LIKE STANDING ("MEHALECH K'OMED DAMI")
Ben Azai maintains that "walking is like standing;" that is, every step a
person takes is considered to be a new Hanachah. According to Ben Azai, how
could a person ever be Chayav for carrying four Amos in Reshus ha'Rabim? If
every step is a new Hanachah, he never walked four Amos at once!
(a) TOSFOS (DH b'Shleima) cites a Yerushalmi that says that he will be
Chayav for carrying four Amos in Reshus ha'Rabim only if he jumps the
entire four Amos at once.
(b) Rav Yechezkal Abramsky (CHAZON YECHEZKAL on Shabbos) explains that
perhaps Ben Azai's concept that "walking is like standing" does not mean
that every time one puts his foot down, it is considered a new Hanachah.
Putting one's foot down cannot be a Hanachah, since it is considered merely
"Omed le'Katef" -- "standing to re-arrange one's load" -- since he could
not remain suspended in the air while walking, and resting his feet on the
ground is the only way that he can move four Amos. Rather, since whenever
one has one foot off the ground, the other foot is on the ground, one is
never totally removed from the ground when he walks. As a result, there is
never a valid *Akirah* while walking, according to Ben Azai. The Yerushalmi
that says one must jump does not mean that one must jump an entire four
Amos, but that one must jump initially in order to have a valid Akirah
(jumping takes both feet off the ground at the same time, and thus one has
performed a valid Akirah).
(c) Tosfos says that since the Bavli does not suggest that one needs to
jump in order to be Chayav for carrying four Amos in Reshus ha'Rabim, it
must be arguing with the Yerushalmi. The Bavli holds that it is a Halachah
l'Moshe mi'Sinai that even though one did not do a proper Akirah according
to Ben Azai, one will still be Chayav. (See also Insights 4:4-a)