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1) [line 1] MECHUVENES - exactly
3) [line 9] MASHKEH HA'BA L'IBUD - juice that was originally squeezed with the intention to discard it
4) [line 12] HA'MEFATZE'A B'ZEISIM - one who softens olives by squeezing them [(O.F. blecier) to bruise]
5) [line 12] B'YADAYIM MESU'AVOS - with hands that are Tamei
14) [line 1] EDUS ISHAH - testimony that a woman's husband has died, making it permissible for her to remarry. Although the Torah requires two witnesses for such testimony, the Rabanan allowed a woman to remarry based on the testimony of even a single witness, even if the witness is a woman or slave.
16) [line 6] "YEIMAR SHARI BUCHRA" - "Yeimar, the one who permits Bechoros"
18) [line 13] MELI'ACH HA'YASHAN - salted, dried fish that is a year old
21a) [line 16] IKLA'IS L'HASAM - I visited Eretz Yisrael
22) [line 17] ISNASI - I would have vomited
25) [line 19] AVDIS - I made
*28*) [line 23] OFOS SHEB'BAVEL - (This is cited here because Kulyas ha'Ispanin is brought in later in the discussion)
29) [line 24] SHEMEINIM - fat
33) [line 30] "SHA'ANAN MOAV ..." - "Moav has been at ease from his youth, and he has settled on his lees, and has not been emptied from vessel to vessel, neither has he gone into exile; therefore his taste remained in him, and his scent has not changed." (Yirmeyahu 48:11) - This verse proves that one who goes into exile looses his tastiness and richness.
34) [line 32] "... NADEDU HALACHU" - "... both the birds of the heavens and the beasts have fled; they are gone." (Yirmeyahu 9:9) This verse shows that even the animals, birds and fish went into exile along with Benei Yisrael.
35) [line 34] MADREI D'BAVEL - these slopes of Bavel
37) [line 34] LO SHARIR SHIDREI - its spine is not strong
40) [line 40] BOLESHES - marauding troops
44) [line 41] BA'AL ZEMORAH - the carrier of the rod (which is an officer's badge and instrument of punishment) among the Roman Centurions; [the Girsa in Dikdukei Sofrim is EGMON V'KAMOTREI U'VA'ALEI ZEMORAH - a general with his Comes and Centurions]
45a) [line 42] B'MASA SHEMA'I - "In my own town, I get respect because of
46) [line 42] "HA'BA'IM YASHRESH YA'AKOV ..." - "In days to come, Yakov shall take root; Yisrael shall blossom and bud, and the face of the world shall be filled with fruit." (Yeshayahu 27:6) - The Gemara learns that the word "ha'Ba'im" may also be understood as, "those (of Yakov) who come (to Bavel)," who will take root and blossom as great Torah scholars, which negates Rebbi Asi's contention that they are not Benei Torah
47) [line 43] TZITZIN U'FRACHIM - plants and flowers, used as a metaphor for productivenes in Torah learning