REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sanhedrin 93
(a) What does Rebbi Yochanan extrapolate from the sequence in the Pasuk,
which describes the 'three' men walking unscathed in the burning furnace and
the fourth figure resembling an angel?
(b) Rebbi Tanchum bar Chanila'i explains how all the nations of the world
came and tapped Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah on the face.
Why did they
do that? What did they say?
(c) What did Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah respond?
(d) How does Rebbi Yonasan explain the Pasuk in Shir ha'Shirim ...
(e) Why is Yisrael compared to a palm-tree?
- ... "Amarti E'eleh be'Tamar"?
- ... "Ochzah le'Sansinav"?
(a) In the Pasuk in Zecharyah, what is meant by ...
(b) What does Rav Papa extrapolate from this final D'rashah?
- ... "Ra'isi ha'Laylah"?
- ... "Ish Rochev al Sus"?
- ... "Sus Adom"?
- ... "ve'Hu Omed Bein ha'Hadasim"?
- ... "Asher ba'Metzulah"?
- ... "Susim ... Levanim"?
(c) According to Rav, after Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah were saved from
the furnace, they died from an Ayin ha'Ra, whereas according to Shmuel, they
drowned in spit .
Which spit (see Margalis ha'Yam)?
(d) What does Rebbi Yochanan say?
(a) A similar Machlokes Tana'im is cited in the Beraisa between Rebbi
Eliezer, Rebbi Yehoshua and the Chachamim, respectively.
What proof do the
Chachamim bring from the Pasuk in Zecharyah "Sh'ma Na Yehoshua ha'Kohen
ha'Gadol Atah ve'Rei'echa ... ki Anshei Mofes Heimah"?
(b) What problem do we have with Daniel in respect of the episode with
Chananyah, Mishael and Azrayah?
(c) According to Rav, he went to dig a river in Teverya (or in Har
ha'Melech), and according to Shmuel, the king sent him to bring Aspasta
seeds. According to Rebbi Yochanan, he sent him to Egypt.
(d) How do we reconcile this with Todos the doctor, who states in a Beraisa
that every cow or sow that left Egypt had to have its womb removed, to avoid
breeding it with their own males?
(a) What does the Beraisa mean when it states 'Sheloshah Hayu be'Osah
(b) Why did Hashem want Daniel out of the way when Chananyah, Mishael and
Azaryah were cast into the furnace?
(c) How did Nevuchadnetzar view Daniel?
(d) How does that explain the interest that ...
- ... Daniel himself had, to be out of the way?
- ... Nevuchadnetzar had, to remove him from the scene?
(a) Who were Achav ben Kulyah and Tzidkiyah ben Ma'aseyah?
(b) After portraying them as a public curse, the Pasuk writes about them
"Asher Kalam Melech Bavel".
How does Rebbi Yochanan in the name of Rebbi
Shimon ben Yochai explain the Lashon "Kalam" (rather than 'Sarfam')?
(c) What disgusting thing did they do?
(d) How did Nevuchadnetzar react when his daughter reported their visit to
(a) What did they reply when Nevuchadnetzar told them that ...
(b) When Nevuchadnetzar then gave his consent to pick anyone they wished to
make up the threesome, whom did they choose? What did they expect to happen?
- ... Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah had informed him that what they planned to do was prohibited?
- ... he wished to put them to the test by throwing them into furnace, to see whether they would too, survive, like the three Tzadikim had?
(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Zecharyah "ha'Lo Zeh Ud Mutzal
me'Eish"? Who was the "Ud Mutzal me'Eish"?
(d) How did he explain to Nevuchadnetzer the fact that his clothes were
burned, whereas the clothes of ...
(e) What adage emerges from this in connection with two dry logs and wet
- ... Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah were not?
- ... Avraham Avinu were not?
(a) In spite of what we just explained, Rav Papa presents a legitimate
reason for Yehoshua Kohen Gadol's punishment.
Answers to questions
What was it?
(b) How is this hinted in the Pasuk? What does the Navi describe Yehoshua
Kohen Gadol as wearing?
(a) Rebbi Tanchum cites bar Kapara in Tzipori, who discusses the Pasuk in
Rus "Sheish Se'orim ha'Eileh Nasan Li Bo'az".
What problem does bar Kapara
have with explaining the six barleys to mean ...
(b) Why can the Pasuk not be referring to six Kabin or six Lugin (1 Lug = 6
egg-volumes [which *is* feasible for a woman to carry])?
- ... literally six grains of barley?
- ... six Sa'in of barley (1 Sa'ah = 144 egg-volumes)?
(c) So what does the Pasuk mean? How much *did* Bo'az give Rus?
(d) Three of the Tzadikim hinted there were David, Mashi'ach and Daniel.
Who were the other three?
(a) The six B'rachos of David are contained in the Pasuk in Shmuel "va'Ya'an
Echad me'ha'Ne'arim va'Yomer Hinei Ra'isi ben le'Yishai Beis-ha'Lachmi ...
". In what context did the 'lad' say this?
(b) Rav Yehudah Amar Rav explains the six B'rachos.
If by "Yode'a Nagein"
Do'eg meant that David knew how to ask Kashyos, what did he mean by
(c) And what did the 'lad' mean when he said ...
(d) "ve'Ish To'ar" meant that he could prove his point down to the Halachah.
What did "va'Hashem Imo" mean?
- ..."ve'Ish Milchamah"?
- ... "ve'Navon Davar"?
(a) What was Shaul's response to this? What did he say about his son
(b) What is the significance of the Pasuk in Shmuel ...
(c) What was the name of the 'lad' who told Shaul about David? What does
"Abir ha'Ro'im mean" (see Rashi in Shmuel)?
- ... (in connection with Shaul) "u've'Chol Asher Yifneh Yarshi'a"?
- ... (in connection with David) "u've'Chol Asher Yifneh Yatzli'ach" (the true quotation is "be'Chol Derachav Maskil")?
(d) Why does Rav Yehudah refer to his statement as Lashon ha'Ra?
(a) To whom does the Pasuk in Yeshayah "ve'Nachah Alav Ru'ach Hashem, Ru'ach
Chochmah u'Vinah, Ru'ach Eitzah u'Gevurah" pertain? What are the two
(b) Rebbi Alexandri explains the Pasuk there "ve'Hericho be'Yir'as Hashem"
to mean that he is loaded with Mitzvos and suffering.
How does Rava
explain it, based on the Pasuk there "ve'Lo le'Mar'eh Einav Yishpot ... "?
(c) Who was ben Kuziba? How long did he rule?
(d) Why did the Chachamim kill him?
(a) About whom is the following Pasuk in Daniel written "Asher Ein Bahem Kol
Me'um, ve'Tuvei Mar'eh, u'Maskilim be'Chol Chochmah, ve'Yod'ei Da'as,
u'Mevinei Mada, va'Asher Ko'ach Bahem La'amod be'Heichal ha'Melech ... "?
(b) What is the meaning of ...
(c) According to Rebbi Elazar, all four above-mentioned Tzadikim were from
- ... "Asher Ein Bahem Me'um?
- ... "va'Asher Ko'ach Bahem La'amod be'Heichal ha'Melech"? Which two things did they have to do for the long hours that they stood before Nevuchadnetzar, besides holding back their laughter and not talking, according to Rebbi Chama b'Rebbi Chanina?
What does Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni say? How will he then explain
the six Tzadikim that would descend from Rus?
(d) The Navi Yeshayah told Chizkiyah ha'Melech that some of his descendants
(Daniel, Chananya, Mishael and Azaryah) would be "Sarisim", which means
eunuchs, according to Rav.
Why did they do that to them?
(a) How does Rebbi Chanina interpret "Sarisim"?
(b) How will Rav explain the Pasuk ...
(c) The Pasuk in Yeshayah writes (in reference to the above Tzadikim) "Koh
Amar Hashem la'Sarisim Asher Yishmeru es Shabsosai ... ".
- ... that we quoted earlier "Asher Ein Bahem Kol Me'um"?
- ... "ve'Chaval Lo Isai Behon" (which means that they were not wounded)?
- ... "ve'Rei'ach Nur Lo Adas Behon"?
How will Rav
explain this Pasuk? Is it the way of Pesukim to refer to Tzadikim
(d) And how will Rebbi Chanina (who does not hold that they were eunuchs)
explain the Pasuk there "be'Veisi u've'Chomosai Yad va'Shem Tov mi'Banim
u'mi'Banos" (implying that they could not have children)?
(e) And how does Rebbe Tanchum quoting bar Kapara in Tzipori, explain the
end of that Pasuk "Shem Olam Eten Lo Asher Lo Yikares"?
(a) What does Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba learn from the Pasuk in Nechemyah
"Zachrah Li Elokai le'Tovah"? What is he coming to explain with that?
(b) But did David not also say "Zachreini Hashem bi'Retzon Amecha"?
(c) Rav Yosef (due to the previous Kashya) disagrees.
Why, according to
him, was Nechemyah punished in this way? Who is included in "ve'ha'Pachos
ha'Rishonim Asher Lefanai"?
(d) We know that Daniel was greater than Nechemyah from the fact that he
saw a vision, which the men who were with him were unable to see.
the men who were with him, according to Rebbi Yirmiyah (or Rebbi Chiya bar
(a) Daniel was greater than Chagai, Zacharyah and Malachi in that he saw the
vision, whereas they did not.
Answers to questions
In which way were they greater than him?
(b) When did Daniel and Nechemyah respectively, live?