REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sanhedrin 88
SANHEDRIN 88 (3 Teves) - dedicated l'Iluy Nishmas Rebbetzin Sarah Gustman
(wife of Hagaon Rav Yisroel Zev Gustman and daughter of Hagaon Rav Meir
Bassin of Vilna) on the day of her Yahrzeit, by two of Rav Gustman's
Talmidim, Rav Hillel Ruvel and Rav Avraham Feldman.
(a) "Divrei", 'Eilu ha'Erchin, ha'Charamim ve'ha'Hekdeishos'. The Machlokes
by Erchin revolves around a Machlokes between Rebbi Meir and the Rabbanan.
What does Rebbi Meir say about Reuven who promises to give the Erech of a
baby less than one month old? Why is that?
(b) Assuming that the Gizbar of Hekdesh claimed the money from Reuven, how
might this involve a Chiyuv Kareis?
(c) How else might it involve a Chiyuv Kareis?
(d) Why, according to the Rabbanan, would Reuven not be Chayav Kareis
anyway, if he brought the animal to the Azarah as an Asham Me'ilos?
(a) The Machlokes by Charamim is that of Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseira and the
What does Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseira learn from the Pasuk in
Bechukosai "Kol Cherem be'Yisrael Kodesh Kodshim Hu la'Hashem"?
(b) What do the Rabbanan say?
(c) How do they explain the Pasuk in Bechukosai?
(d) How does this case then involve Kareis and Chatas?
(a) And the Machlokes by Hekdeishos is based on that of Rebbi Eliezer ben
Ya'akov and the Rabbanan (that we discussed in the first Perek).
Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov say about assessing a golden fork of Hekdesh?
(b) What do the Rabbanan say?
(c) How will Kareis and Chatas apply to this case?
(a) "Rivos" 'Zeh Hashka'as Sotah, va'Arifas Eglah ve'Taharos Metzora'. The
Machlokes by Hashka'as Sotah is that of Rebbi Eliezer and Rebbi Yehoshua, in
the Mishnah in Sotah. According to Rebbi Eliezer, the Kinuy (husband's
warning) requires two witnesses, the S'tirah (the seclusion with another
man), one, or even the husband himself. What does Rebbi Yehoshua say?
(b) What monetary ramifications does this Machlokes have?
(c) How might this involve Kareis and a Korban Chatas?
(d) The basis of the Machlokes by 'Arifas Eglah' is another Mishnah in
Sotah. According to Rebbi Eliezer, they would measure the distance to the
nearest town from the murdered man's navel, according to Rebbi Akiva, from
What does Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov say?
(e) And how might this lead to a Chiyuv Kareis and Chatas?
(a) A Mishnah in Nigmar ha'Din serves as the source of the Machlokes
regarding 'Taharas Metzora'. The Tana Kama holds that if the Metzora has no
right thumb or big toe (on which to place the blood of the Asham), he can
never become Tahor, whereas according to Rebbi Eliezer, the Kohen places it
on the spot where they ought to have been.
What does Rebbi Shimon say?
(b) And how might this Machlokes lead to Kareis and a Chatas?
(a) "bi'She'arecha", 'Zeh Leket, Shikchah u'Pe'ah'. The first two revolve
around a Machlokes Tana'im in a Mishnah in Pe'ah, where the Tana Kama
considers two grains Leket and two sheaves, Shikchah, whereas three remain
What do Beis Shamai say?
(b) The Machlokes by Pe'ah is based on a Machlokes in another Mishnah there,
where the Tana Kama permits the owner to separate Pe'ah even from the
sheaves, from the pile, and even after Miru'ach (the flattening of the
pile), if need be.
What must the owner be careful to do in the latter
case, before separating Pe'ah?
(c) What does Rebbi Yishmael say? On what grounds do the Chachamim disagree?
(d) In all three cases, how might this lead to a Chiyuv Kareis or Chatas?
(a) According to Rav Kahana, the Zaken Mamrei is not Chayav Miysah if both
he and the Beis-Din say that they received their respective rulings from
their Rebbes, or if they both said it from a 'S'vara'.
In which case then,
is he Chayav?
(b) And he proves this from Akavya ben Mahalalel.
What did Akavya ben
Mahalalel instruct his son to do before he died?
(c) Then why did he himself not retract?
(d) What do we prove from there?
(a) Rebbi Elazar disagrees.
What does he say? Why is that?
(b) Then why did they not sentence Akavya ben Mahalalel to death?
(c) Like which of the four above cases do we initially establish our Mishnah
'Kach Darashti ve'Kach Darshu Chaverai, Kach Limadti ve'Kach Limdu
On whom is this a Kashya?
(d) So how do we establish our Mishnah even like Rav Kahana?
(a) Rebbi Yashiyah in a Beraisa quotes three things that he heard from Zeiri
Answers to questions
What did he say about Mechilah, with regard to ...
(b) With which of the three rulings did his colleagues in the south
disagree? What reason did they give for this?
- ... a husband and the Kinuy of his Sotah wife?
- ... the parents of a ben Sorer u'Moreh (even after he has already received Malkos) and Beis-Din and a Zaken Mamrei?
(c) How do we finally prove Rav Kahana wrong from there?
(a) What advantage did the generations until Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel
enjoy over subsequent generations?
(b) How was this ensured?
(c) Who accompanied the Zaken Mamrei to the Beis-Din ha'Gadol, besides the
Beis-Din of his town?
(d) How would the Beis-Din ha'Gadol decide the Halachah in the event that
they had not heard it from their Rebbes?
(a) When would the Beis-ha'Gadol convene each day?
(b) Where would they convene on Shabbos and Yom-Tov?
(c) Why (besides the possible reason that there were a lot of visitors then
and it would have been squashed in the Lishkas ha'Gazis), might they have
changed their location on those days?
(d) What caused the increase in Machlokes among Talmidei-Chachamim? What
does 'two Toros' (an off-shoot of those Machlokos) mean?
(a) Who would appoint the members of the Sanhedriyos in the towns?
(b) What quality, besides wisdom and humility, did candidates for that post
(c) What procedure did they follow regarding the appointment to the Beis-Din
of Har ha'Bayis, of the Azarah and of the Lishkas ha'Gazis?
(a) In which connection did they point out Rav Ula bar Aba in Eretz Yisrael?
(b) Besides constantly learning, he was also 'Lo Machzik Tivusa
What does this mean?
(c) Which other qualities did he possess?
(a) The Beraisa requires either that the Zaken Mamrei puts his theories into
practice or that others do.
What problem do we have with the first
(b) Why would there be no problem if the sin that the Zaken ruled and
perpetrated was Cheilev or blood?
(c) On what grounds do we query the suggestion that had he not been a Zaken
Mamrei, he would have required a warning, which is not now necessary?
(d) So how do we finally answer the Kashya?
(a) How does our Mishnah go on to explain its statement 'Chomer be'Divrei
Sofrim (i.e. what the Chachamim extrapolate from the Pasuk) mi'Divrei Torah
(the actual words of the Torah)'?
(b) Which two details does Rebbi Alazar Amar Rebbi Oshaya add to 'Ikro
mi'Divrei Torah, u'Pirusho mi'Divrei Sofrim'?
(c) The only possible case is that of Tefilin according to Rebbi Yehudah.
Why according to Rebbi Yehudah? What did he say?
(d) Why can he not be referring to Rebbi Yehudah in Menachos, who says
'Tzarich Le'hadbik (to stick together the Parshiyos of the shel Yad, in the
event that one wrote the four Parshiyos on different pieces of parchment)?
(a) We query Rebbi Elazar's statement that the four requirements of Rebbi
Yehudah pertain exclusively to Tefilin, by asking 've'ha'Ika Lulav (if one
added a fifth species)?'
Answers to questions
How do we refute this Kashya on the basis of ...
(b) And we ask exactly the same set of questions on Tzitzis (assuming that
one added a fifth thread).
- ... 'Lulav Ein Tzarich Eged'?
- ... 'Lulav Tzarich Eged'?
What is the criterion there?
(c) We ask that by Tefilin too, adding a fifth compartment afterwards
(without actually affixing it) ought not to invalidate the other four,
whereas if he initially made five compartments, 'Garu'a ve'Omed Hu'. In
answer to this Kashya, we cite Rebbi Zeira.
What does Rebbi Zeira say
about the outer compartment?
(d) How does this answer the Kashya?