REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sanhedrin 83
(a) The Beraisa lists many Avodos that are subject neither to Zarus nor to
Tum'ah. The first six pertain to the Minchah: 'ha'Yotzek, ve'ha'Bollel,
ve'ha'Poses, ha'Mole'ach, ha'Meinif ha'Meigish'.
What does 've'ha'Poses'
mean? To which kind of Menachos did it pertain?
(b) When the Kohen would perform 'Hagashah', where did he take the Minchah
(c) The remaining four Avodos incorporate 'ha'Mesader es ha'Shulchan,
ha'Meitiv es ha'Neiros, ha'Kometz (which also pertains to the Minchah)
ve'ha'Mekabel Damim ba'Chutz'.
What do they all have in common? Why do the
Chiyuvim of Zarus and Tum'ah not pertain to them?
(d) Which other two Isurim are they not subject to?
(a) And what will be the Din if the Kohen performs any of the above outside
its allotted place?
(b) What is the final Avodah that has still to follow ...
(c) With regard to Avodas Chutz, besides Shechitah ('Asher Yishchat ... '
[in Acharei-Mos]), which other two Avodos are specifically mentioned?
- ... all the above-mentioned Avodos of the Minchah?
- ... arranging the Lechem ha'Panim on the table
- ... preparing the Menorah during the day?
- ... receiving the blood?
(a) We extrapolate from the Beraisa 'Ha Miktar, Chayav'.
What do we try
and prove from there that will pose a Kashya on Rav Sheishes (who holds that
Kohen she'Shimesh be'Tum'ah is not Chayav Miysah)?
(b) Why can Zar (mentioned together with Tumah in the Beraisa) not possibly
be only a La'av?
(c) How do we then counter the argument on the above suggestion, that seeing
as Zar is Chayav Miysah, so is Tum'ah?
(a) What is the problem with saying that Yotzek and Bolel and the other
things in the above list do not even transgress a La'av?
(b) So how do we interpret the Beraisa (to accommodate Rav Sheishes)?
(c) How do we finally prove Rav Sheishes wrong?
(d) And how do we know that the Pasuk "Kedoshim Yiheyu ve'Lo Yechalelu"
refers to Avodah she'Einah Tamah and not to Avodah Tamah?
(a) The Tana lists eleven cases of Chiyuv Miysah (bi'Yedei Shamayim).
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Emor ...
- ... someone who eats Tevel and a Kohen who eats Terumah, who else does he include among those who are Chayav for eating Terumah?
- ... Zar and Tamei she'Shimesh, which two other branches of Tamei people are Chayav Miysah for eating Terumah?
(c) Why can "B'nei Yisrael" not be coming to preclude the Kodshim of Nochrim
and of women?
- ... "vi'Yenazru mi'Kodshei (B'nei Yisrael) ve'Lo Yechalelu"?
- ... "B'nei Yisrael"?
(d) Included in the list are also Mechusar Begadim and she'Lo Rachutz
Yadayim ve'Raglayim. What are the last two items on the list?
(e) What is considered 'Peru'ei Rosh'?
(a) From where do we know that one is Chayav for ...
(b) What do an Areil, an Onen and someone who serves sitting, all have in
common? What punishment are they subject to?
- ... Mechusar Begadim?
- ... she'Lo Rachutz Yadayim ve'Raglayim?
(c) Does this mean that they do not invalidate the Avodah?
(d) According to Rebbi, a blemished Kohen who serves or someone who uses
Hekdesh (Heizid bi'Me'ilah) receives Miysah.
What do the Rabbanan say?
(a) What does Shmuel in the name of Rebbi Elazar extrapolate from the future
tense used by the Pasuk "vi'Yechalelu es Kodshei B'nei Yisrael es Asher
(b) How do we then know that Tevel is Chayav Miysah?
(c) We ask why we do not learn the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' from Nosar.
the Kohen be Chayav if we did?
(d) We prefer to learn Tevel from Terumah and not from Nosar, 'she'Kein
Terumah, Chutz la'Aretz, Hutrah, be'Rabim, Peiros, Pigul ve'Nosar'. So both
Terumah and Tevel have the same name and neither ever applied outside Eretz
Does this mean that Nosar could occur in Chutz la'Aretz, even
during the time when the Beis-Hamikdash stood?
(e) They are both fruits of the grounds, which Nosar is not; neither do
Pigul and Nosar pertain to them, since they are both not Kodshim.
the meaning of ...
- ... 'Hutrah'?
- ... 'ba'Rabim'?
(a) We counter that, to the contrary, we ought to learn Tevel from Nosar
'she'Kein P'sul Ochel ve'she'Ein Heter be'Mikvah', meaning that for these
two reasons it would be better to learn Tevel from Nosar than from Terumah.
Answers to questions
What is the meaning of ...
(b) The obvious answer to the Kashya is that Tevel has more advantages over
Nosar than vice-versa.
- ... 'she'Kein P'sul Ochel'?
- ... 'she'Ein Heter be'Mikvah'?
How does Ravina answer the Kashya (even assuming
that it did not)?
(c) What does ...
(d) What is the reasoning behind this last D'rashah?
- ... Shmuel learn from the Pasuk in Emor "ve'Shamru es Mishmarti" ve'Lo Yis'u Alav Chet?
- ... Rebbi Elazar learn from the Pasuk there "u'Meisu Bo Ki Yechaleluhu"?
(a) What did Rav Kahana and Rav Asi ask Rav when he said 'Zar she'Achal es
(b) What did Rav reply?
(c) How will Rav then explain the Beraisa 've'Eilu Hein she'be'Miysah Zar
ha'Ochel es ha'Terumah'?
(a) We know that a Zar she'Shimesh is Chayav Miysah from the Pasuk in Korach
"ve'ha'Zar ha'Kareiv Yumas".
How did Rav Yosef, in reply to Rav Chiya bar
Avin's request for the source of Tamei she'Shimesh, derive it from the Pasuk
there "Daber el Aharon ve'el Banav, vi'Yenazru mi'Kodshei B'nei Yisrael
ve'Lo Yechalalu es Sheim Kodshi"?
(b) Again we ask 've'Neilef "Chilul" "Chilul" mi'Nosar'? And we answer
'Mistavra mi'Terumah she'Kein Guf, Tamei, Mikveh, Rabim.'
How do we answer
the Kashya 'Adraba, mi'Nosar Havah Leih le'Meilaf she'Kein Kodesh, P'nim,
(c) What does 'P'nim' mean?
(d) Bearing in mind that we just learned Tamei she'Shimesh from
"vi'Yenazru", what does Rebbi Sima'i in a Beraisa learn from the Pasuk, also
in Emor, "Kedoshim Yiheyu ... ve'Lo Yechalalu"?
(a) What does Rebbi Avahu Amar Rebbi Yochanan (possibly in the name of Rebbi
Shimon ben Elazar) learn from the Pasuk in Tetzaveh "ve'Chagarta Osam Avneit
ve'Haysah Lahem Kehunah ... "?
Answers to questions
(b) How does Rav Huna extrapolate from the Pasuk in Tazri'a (in connection
with the Korban of a woman who gave birth) "ve'Chiper Alehah ha'Kohen
ve'Taheirah" that a Mechusar Kipurim who serves in the Beis-Hamikdash is
(c) And from where do we know that the same applies to a Kohen who serves
- ... without washing his hands and feet?
- ... after having drunk wine?
- ... with a growth of hair of thirty days?