POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Sanhedrin 103
SANHEDRIN 101-103 (18 Teves) - dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to
honor the third Yahrzeit of her father, Reb Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi
(Weiner). May the merit of supporting and advancing Talmud study serve as an
Iluy for his Neshamah
1) AGADIC TEACHINGS OF R. YOCHANAN AND RAV CHISDA
(a) (R. Yochanan): Anyone who says that Menasheh has no share
in the world to come weakens the resolve of people who
(b) A Reciter of Beraisos: Menasheh repented (and was a
Tzadik) for 33 years - "...Va'Chamishim v'Chamesh Shanah
Malach bi'Yrushalayim... Ka'Asher Asah Ach'av" - Menasheh
was (a Rasha) like Ach'av, who reigned for 22 years,
leaving 33 years of repentance.
(c) Question (R. Yochanan): "Va'Yishma Elav va'Yechaser Lo" -
it should say 'va'Ye'aser Lo'!
(d) Answer: This teaches that Hash-m made a Machteres
(tunnel) in Shamayim for Menasheh in order to accept his
repentance, for Midas ha'Din would not allow it.
(e) Question (R. Yochanan): Why does it say " B'Reishis
Mamlechus Yehoyakim" and "B'Reishis Mamleches Tzidkiyahu"
(it does not say B'Reishis regarding other kings)?
(f) Answer: Hash-m was ready to return the world to
nothingness (as it was before creation) on account of
Yehoyakim - he did not, on account of the generation;
Hash-m was ready to return the world to nothingness on
account of Tzidkiyahu's generation - he did not, on
account of Tzidkiyahu.
(g) Question: Also regarding Tzidkiyahu it says "Va'Ya'as
ha'Ra b'Einei Hash-m"!
(h) Answer: That is because he could have protested at the
evil of his generation, but he did not (but he himself
was a Tzadik).
(i) (R. Yochanan): "Ish Chacham Nishpat Es Ish Evil v'Ragaz
v'Sachak v'Ein Nachas" (whether the Chacham (Hash-m)
showed anger to or dealt favorably with the foolish
wicked kings, they did not fear Him):
1. He showed anger to Achaz, and delivered him into the
hands of the king of Darmesek, and he served their
idolatry - "Va'Yizbach l'Eilohei Darmesek ha'Makim
(j) (R. Yochanan): "Kol Sarei Melech Bavel va'Yeshvu b'Sha'ar
ha'Tavech" - this is the place where they Mechatech
(decide) Halachos (the Sanhedriyos at the openings of Har
ha'Bayis and the Azarah).
i. "Va'Yomer Ki Elohei Malchei Aram Hem Mazrim
Osam Lahem Ezbach v'Ya'azruni v'Hem Hayu
Lehachshilo ul'Chol Yisrael".
2. Hash-m dealt favorably with Amatzyah - "Acharei Ba
Amatzyah me'Hakos Es Adomim va'Yavei Es Elohei Benei
Se'ir...Yishtachaveh v'Lahem Yekater".
3. (Rav Papa): This is like people say - woe to the man
who does not realize when someone cries or laughs in
front of him, he does not distinguish good from bad!
1. (Rav Papa): This is like people say - the lowly
shepherd hangs his jug in the place where his master
used to hang his weapons.
(k) (Rav Chisda): "Al Sedeh Ish Atzel Avarti" - this refers
to Achaz (who prevented Avodah and study of Torah, as
will be expounded later); "v'Al Kerem Adam Chasar Lev" -
this refers to Menasheh (who erased the name of Hash-m
and destroyed the Mizbe'ach); "v'Hineh Chulo Kimshonim" -
this refers to Amon (who disgraced the Mizbe'ach); "Kasu
Panav Charulim" - this refers to Yehoyakim (who covered
his face from Hash-m's light); "v'Geder Avanav Neherasah"
refers to Tzidkiyahu, for the Mikdash was destroyed in
(l) (Rav Chisda): Four categories of people do not behold the
1. Scoffers - "Mashach Yado Es Lotzetzim";
(m) (Rav Chisda): "Lo Se'unah Elecha Ra'ah" - the Yetzer
ha'Ra will not rule over you; "v'Nega Lo Yikrav
b'Ohalecha" - you will not find your wife doubtfully
Nidah when you return from a trip (this pains a man, he
suspects that she is Tehorah and he is needlessly
withheld from her).
2. Liars - "Dover Shekarim Lo Yikon l'Neged Einai".
3. Flatterers - "Ki Lo Lefanav Chanef Yavo";
4. Those that speak Lashon ha'Ra - "Ki Lo Kel Chafetz
Resha Ata Lo Yegurcha Ra", since Hash-m is a Tzadik,
evil will not be in His Megurcha (dwelling).
1. Alternatively - "Lo Se'unah Elecha Ra'ah" - you will
not be scared by bad dreams or thoughts; "v'Nega Lo
Yikrav b'Ohalecha" - you will not have a son or
Talmid who acts disgracefully in public.
(n) These were David's blessings to Shlomo, his mother
blessed him "Ki Mal'achav Yetzaveh Lach..."
1. Hash-m blessed him "Ki Vi Chashak va'Afaltehu...".
(o) (Reish Lakish): "Va'Yimna me'Resha'im Oram..." - the
'Ayin' of "Resha'im" is written above the other letters
(so the word can be read without it, 'me'Rashim') to
teach that once a person becomes poor (hated) below, he
is hated above (Rashi; Ramah - when a person becomes a
Rosh (leader, without inheriting the position) below, he
is considered a Rasha above).
2) THE EVIL KINGS OF YEHUDAH
(p) Question: If so, the 'Ayin' should not be written at all
(Ramah - it should explicitly say 'Roshim')!
(q) Answer #1 (R. Yochanan or R. Elazar): It is written for
the honor of David (to show that this does not apply to
Tzadikim - many people hated David, but Hash-m loved
(r) Answer #2 (the other of R. Yochanan and R. Elazar): It is
written for the honor of Nechemyah.
(a) (Beraisa): Menasheh expounded and taught Chidushim in
Sefer Va'Yikra in 55 facets (Rashi - once in each year of
his reign; Ramah - he expounded when he was a Tzadik, and
through this, he merited to reign for 55 years).
1. Ach'av expounded it in 85 facets, Yerav'am in 103.
(b) (Beraisa - R. Meir): Avshalom has no share in the world
1. "Va'Yaku Es Avshalom" - in this world; "va'Ymisuhu"
- in the world to come.
(c) (Beraisa - R. Shimon ben Elazar): Achaz, Achazyah and all
the Malchei Yisrael about whom it says 'Va'Ya'as ha'Ra
b'Einei Hash-m" will not experience Techiyas ha'Mesim,
nor will they be judged (Ramah - because they exerted
themselves in wars for the sake of Yisrael).
(d) (Chachamim of Bavel): "V'Gam Dam Naki Shafach Menasheh
Harbeh Me'od Ad Asher Milei Es Yerushalayim Peh la'Feh" -
he killed Yeshayah;
(e) (Chachamim of Eretz Yisrael): He made an idol that
required 1000 people to move it, every day he would make
people move it and they died from this.
(f) Question: From whom may we derive Rabah bar Rav Chanah's
1. (Rabah bar bar Chanah): The Neshamah of one Tzadik
is worth as much as an entire world.
(g) Answer: We learn this from Chachamim of Bavel.
(h) Contradiction: It says that Menasheh put a "Pesel" in the
Heichal - it also says that he put "Pesilim"!
(i) Answer (R. Yochanan): At first he made the idol with one
face; later, he added three other faces, to anger the
Shechinah from every direction.
(j) Achaz erected an idol in the upper story of the Mikdash -
"Ha'Mizbechos Asher Al ha'Gag Aliyas Achaz";
1. Menasheh put one in the Heichal, "Ba'Bayis...Asher
Bacharti...Asim Es Shemi l'Olam";
(k) Achaz abolished the Avodah and sealed (stopped study of)
Torah - "Te'udah Chasum Torah b'Limudai"; Menasheh erased
the name of Hash-m (from the Torah) and destroyed the
Mizbe'ach; Amon burned the Torah and abolished the Avodah
to the point that cobwebs covered the Mizbe'ach (Rashi;
others explain, he offered Shemamis (a Tamei animal or
bird) on the Mizbe'ach).
2. Amon put one in the Kodesh ha'Kodoshim - "Ki Katzar
i. (R. Shmuel bar Nachmani): This means that the
Mikdash cannot house two 'colleagues' (Hash-m
and idolatry) at once.
3. (R. Shmuel bar Nachmani): R. Yonason would cry when
he read "Veha'Masechah Tzarah" - Hash-m is "Kones
ka'Ned Mei ha'Yam" (He can gather the water to
expand the (dry) land, but our sins caused that), an
idol is like a rival (co-wife) for Him!
(l) Achaz considered Arayos to be permitted, Menasheh had
relations with his sister, Amon had relations with his
mother - "Amon Hirbah Ashmah":
1. R. Yochanan or R. Elazar explains that this refers
to burning the Torah, the other says that it refers
to relations with his mother.
(m) Yehoyakim said 'My predecessors did not know how to anger
Hash-m! All people need from Him is the sun - we have
Parva'im (a special kind of) gold, it illuminates for us
- He can take His light away!'
2. His mother: Will you derive pleasure from the place
you were created?!
3. Amon: No - my whole intent is to anger Hash-m.
1. Others countered: But gold and silver are also His -
"Li ha'Kesef v'Li ha'Zahav"!
2. Yehoyakim: He already gave them to us - "Veha'Aretz
Nasan li'Vnei Adam".
(a) Question (Rava): Why isn't Yehoyakim listed among those
who have no share in the world to come - surely, not on
account of "Divrei Yehoyakim v''So'avosav...veha'Nimzta
1. Question: What does "Veha'Nimzta Alav" refer to?
(b) Rabah bar Mari: I did not hear why other kings were not
listed, I did hear regarding commoners:
2. Answer #1 (R. Yochanan or R. Elazar): He engraved
the name of idolatry on his Ever.
3. Answer #2 (the other of R. Yochanan and R. Elazar):
He engraved Hash-m's name on his Ever.
1. Michah was not listed because his food was open to
travelers (Ramah - therefore, Chachamim did not want
to openly teach that he has no share; Iyun Yakov -
through this, he merited a share. 'Kol ha'Over
v'Shav El ha'Leviyim' is not a verse - we do find in
Shofetim 17-18 that he hosted people).
(c) (R. Yochanan): "V'Avar ba'Yam Tzarah" - Michah took (Gra
- had a spiritual defect which would later cause him to
make) an idol through the Yam Suf (Alternatively - he
took a plate with Hash-m's name (which Moshe had used to
raise Yosef's coffin from the bottom of the Nile) which
he would later use to make the Egel.)
(d) (Beraisa - R. Noson): It is three Mil from Gerav (where
Michah set up his idol) to Shilo (where the Mishkan was).
Smoke from the Mizbe'ach mixed with smoke of offerings to
the idol. Angels wanted to kill Michah - Hash-m stopped
them, because his food was open to travelers.
1. The people who made war with Shevet Binyamin on
account of Pilegesh ba'Giv'ah were punished for
fighting for the honor of a person (the concubine
who was raped and killed), but not for Hash-m's
honor (to stop Michah).