REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafRosh Hashanah 34
ROSH HASHANAH 31-35 (Siyum!) - sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
(a) We have just learned the obligation of blowing on a *Shofar*, as well as
that of blowing a Teki'ah before and a Teki'ah after each Teru'ah, from Yom
Kipur of the Yovel with a Hekesh.
From where do we know to blow three
Teru'os on Rosh Hashanah?
(b) But how can we combine Pesukim written by Rosh Hashanah together with
Pesukim written by Yovel?
(c) How come that *before* we learned one from the other with a *'Hekesh'*,
and *now* we are learning them with a *'Gezeirah-Shavah'*?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Beha'aloscha ...
(b) What does Rebbi Yishmael Be'no shel Rebbi Yochanan ben Berokah learn
- ... "u've'Hakheil es ha'Kahal, Tiske'u ve'Lo Sari'u"?
- ... "u'Seka'atem Teru'ah"?
- ... "Teru'ah Yiske'u"?
(c) Even though we have just learned the three Teru'os from the Pesukim
"Shabbason Zichron Teru'ah", "Yom Teru'ah" and "ve'Ha'avarta Shofar
Teru'ah", the middle Pasuk is really needed for something else.
- ... "u'Seka'atem Teru'ah Sheinis" (written by the departure of the second camp)?
- ... the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' of "Teru'ah" "Teru'ah" (from the trumpets)?
What is it
(d) Then what is the source of the third Teru'ah?
(a) Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeini Amar Rebbi Yonasan goes even further than the
Tana Kama. In his opinion, only *one* Teru'ah is min ha'Torah. The
'Gezeirah-Shavah' is learned from "Shabbason Zichron Teru'ah".
he learn from "Yom Teru'ah"?
(b) Seeing as the Tana Kama anyway learns Rosh Hashanah from Yovel, why
does he not also learn the Teki'ah before and after the Teru'ah from
"ve'Ha'avarta Shofar" and "Ta'aviru Shofar"?
(c) So what *does* he learn from ...
- ... "ve'Ha'avarta Shofar" (Rav Masna's Din)?
- ... "Ta'aviru Shofar"?
(a) From where does the Tana of the first Beraisa learn Rav Masna's Din?
(b) What does he learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "*ve'Ha'avarta* Shofar"
"va'Yetzav Moshe, *va'Ya'aviru* Kol ba'Machaneh"?
(c) And from where does the Tana who learns the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' from the
trumpets, know that on Rosh Hashanah, we blow on a Shofar?
(a) Rebbi Avahu instituted in Caesaria that one blows blowing Teki'ah, three
Shevarim, Teru'ah and Teki'ah (known in short as Ta*sh*ra*t*).
Why did he
(b) What is the problem with that?
(c) What must the full version of his Takanah therefore have been?
(d) Seeing as they would anyway blow three sets of Ta*sha*t*, and three of
Ta*ra*t* (as we just explained), why did he need to add the third set of
(a) Why did he not also institute a set of Teki'ah, Teru'ah, Shevarim,
Teki'ah, in case that is what "Teru'ah" means?
Answers to questions
(b) How did they used to blow before Rebbi Avahu's Takanah?
(a) What did Rebbi Yochanan say about someone who hears the nine Shofar-
blasts over a period of nine hours?
(b) What did he say in the name of Rebbi Shimon ben Yehotzadak with regard
to Hallel and Megilah?
(c) How do we reconcile this with his previous statement?
(d) What is wrong with the statement in the Beraisa, that someone who hears
the nine blasts of the Shofar from nine people all blowing at the same time,
is not Yotze? On what basis does Rashi erase it?
(a) Rebbi Avahu was reciting the Shema when he and Rebbi Yochanan entered
What did he do when they entered the alleyways and what
did he ask his Rebbe as they left them?
(b) What was Rebbi Yochanan's reply?
(c) How do we reconcile this with his previous ruling with regard to hearing
nine notes in nine hours?
(d) Would Rebbi Yochanan have required Rebbi Avahu to stop reciting the
Shema whilst walking through the alleyways?
(a) On a Ta'anis (for rain etc.), one recites six extra Berachos in the
Amidah, after each of which one blows the trumpets (See Rosh, Si'man 14).
What does someone do if he is unable to blow some of the notes, or if one is
not acquainted with some of the Berachos?
(b) This would not be the Halachah on Rosh Hashanah.
Why is that?
(a) What did Rav Papa bar Shmuel say to his Shames before he began his
silent Tefilas Musaf one Rosh Hashanah?
(b) On what grounds did Rava object to that?
(c) One is permitted to blow Shofar for one's friend.
May he also render
him Yotze the Amidah, if his friend answers 'Amein' to all the Berachos?
(a) What does the Beraisa rule regarding a person who has no Shofar and who
is unable to Daven by heart (bear in mind that there were no Sidurim in the
days of the Gemara)? Should he go to a town where they posses a Shofar but
do not know how to Daven, or to a town where they know how to Daven but do
not posses a Shofar?
(b) Considering that Shofar is a Mitzvah d'Oraysa, whereas Tefilah is only
mi'de'Rabbanan, why did the Tana need to tell us this?
(a) According to Raban Gamliel (who permits the Shatz to render Yotze even
those who are able to Daven), why do we Daven the silent Amidah at all?
Answers to questions
(b) According to the Rabbanan, on the other hand (who obligate someone who
is able to Daven himself, to do so), why does the Shatz repeat the Amidah?
(c) What did Raban Gamliel counter, when the Rabbanan answered him that?
(d) Rebbi Yochanan maintains that the Rabbanan later conceded that point to
What did Rav say about that? Which prominent Amora agrees