REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafRosh Hashanah 26
ROSH HASHANAH 26, 27 - sponsored by Reb Wolf Rosengarten of Zurich, in honor
of Rav Moshe Soloveitchik Zt'l and the dedicated students of the Yeshiva he
established in Moscow.
(a) From where do we know that Rosh Hashanah requires a Shofar (and not a
(b) Why is a cow's horn not valid for blowing on Rosh Hashanah?
(c) What does Rebbi Yossi learn from the Pasuk in Yehoshua "bi'M'shoch
be'Keren ha'Yovel"? What does "ha'Yovel" mean?
(d) The Rabbanan counter Rebbi Yossi by arguing that, even though all
Shofros are called horns, they are also referred to as Shofros; whereas that
of a cow is referred to exclusively as a horn.
Where is a cow (or a
bull)'s horn called a Keren?
(a) What does Rebbi Yossi learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "ve'Sitav
la'Hashem mi'Shor Par"?
(b) The Rabbanan explain that Pasuk like Rav Masna, who says that the bull
that Hashem created at Ma'aseh Bereishis was fully-grown.
How do they
learn that from the words "mi'Shor Par"?
(a) Ula connects the Rabbanan's reasoning with Rav Chisda, who explains why
the Kohen Gadol was forbidden to enter the Kodesh Kodashim with the 'Bigdei
What is the reason that is common to both?
(b) How will we then explain the fact that the blood of the bull on Yom
Kipur was taken inside the Kodesh Kodashim?
(c) And how will we explain the fact that ...
(d) The Kohen Gadol wore gold for the Avodos in the Heichal on Yom Kipur (as
well as the whole year round), because he did not wear them in the Kodesh
Kodshim. In that case, argues Rebbi Yossi, the Shofar was not blown in the
Kodesh Kodshim either, so why not use a cow's horn?
- ... the Aron, the lid and the Cherub (all made of gold) were in the Kodesh Kodashim?
- ... the Kohen Gadol entered the Kodesh Kodashim with the spoon and the fire-pan (also made of gold) on Yom Kipur?
How do the Rabbanan
(a) How can Ula (and subsequently Abaye, whom we are now about to discuss)
give reasons for the Tana Kama, when he themself said 'Mipnei she'Hu Keren'?
(b) Abaye gives the Tana Kama's reason as being the fact that the Torah
writes "Shofar", and not "Shofros".
What does he mean?
(c) What does Rebbi Yossi reply to that?
(a) Rebbi Akiva discovered the meaning of various words on his travels
(presumably to nullify evil decrees against the Jews).
Answers to questions
What did they call
a ram's horn in Arabia?
(b) When he went to ...
(c) Rebbi and Resh Lakish traveled, too.
- ... France, they called a Nidah 'Galmudah'.
What is that an acronym for?
- ... Africa, they called a Ma'ah (a small coin), 'Kesitah'.
Why do we need to know this?
What did people mean when they
spoke of ...
- ... 'Kirah'? Why do we need to know that?
- ... 'Sechvi'?
- ... 'Ninfi'? Which Pasuk in Tehilim has the same connotation?
(a) How did Levi react, when a man said to him 'Kav'an P'lanya'?
(b) What would Rava from Barnish have asked him, to find out what he was
(c) Why did Levi not employ that method?
(d) The Talmidei Chachamim in the Beis-Hamedrash quoted him the Pasuk in
Tehilim "ha'Yikba Adam Elokim"? What does that Pasuk mean?
(a) The maidservant of Rebbi appears to have been something of a linguist,
from whom the Rabbanan learnt many words. She onc taught them that
Chaluglugos is the equivalent of what they knew as 'Parpachinin' (purslane-
What did she mean when she said to the Rabbanan 'Till when will
you enter the Beis-Hamedrash 'Sirugin Sirugin'?
(b) What is the meaning of the Pasuk ...
- ... in Mishlei "Salselehah u'Seromemeka"?
- ... in Yeshayah (with reference to Bavel) "ve'Teiteisiha bi'Meta'tei Hashmeid?
- ... in Tehilim "Hashleich al Hashem Yehavcha, ve'Hu Yechalkelecha"?
(a) According to the Tana of our Mishnah, the Shofar of Rosh Hashanah must
be made from the straight horn of an ibex (a kind of wild-goat), and the
mouthpiece of the one blown in the Beis Hamikdash overlaid with gold.
does it have to be straight?
(b) How many Shofros and how many trumpets were blown in the Beis Hamikdash?
(a) According to the Tana of our Mishnah, on what kind of Shofros did they
blow in the Beis Hamikdash on fast-days? Which fast-days is the Tana
(b) With what was *their* mouthpiece overlaid?
(c) Rebbi Yehudah disagrees with the Tana Kama.
In his opinion, on what
did they blow ...
(d) How were the Shofros and trumpets placed, and how did the way they were
blown differ ...
- ... on Rosh Hashanah?
- ... on Yom Kipur of the Yovel?
- ... on Rosh Hashanah?
- ... on fast-days?
(a) What does the Tana mean when he compares the Yovel to Rosh Hashanah with
regard to ...
(b) What is the purpose of blowing the Shofar on Yom Kipur of the Yovel?
- ... the blowing?
- ... the Berachos?
(a) In Levi's opinion, the Mitzvah on Rosh Hashanah and on Yom Kipur of
Yovel is to blow on a ram's horn, and during the rest of the year, on a
Answers to questions
Why does he not say that he rules like Rebbi Yehudah?
(b) What is the basis of the Machlokes between the Tana Kama and Rebbi
(c) And on what grounds does Levi decline to rule like Rebbi Yehudah
regarding Yovel, too?