REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafRosh Hashanah 17
ROSH HASHANAH 17 & 18 (8, 9 Av) - these Dafim have been dedicated by Rabbi
Eli Turkel of Ra'anana, Israel, to the memory of his father, Reb Yisrael
Shimon ben Shlomo ha'Levi Turkel (Yarhzeit: 10 Av).
(a) To whom was ...
(b) What is meant by ...
- ... Chanah referring when she said "Hashem Meimis u'Mechayeh, *Morid She'ol va'Ya'al*"?
- ... David referring (according to Beis Hillel) when he said "Ahavti Ki Yishma Hashem es Koli Tachanunai"?
(c) What will happen to them after the dead come back to life?
- ... 'Posh'ei Yisrael be'Gufan'?
- ... 'Posh'ei Umos ha'Olam be'Gufan'?
(a) What is meant by ...
(b) Who is the epitome of those who sinned and who caused others to sin,
- ... Minim?
- ... Mesoros?
- ... Apikorsim?
(c) What happens to this entire category of people?
(d) Besides those who deny the Torah and Techi'as ha'Meisim, which are the
remaining two groups who belong to this category?
(a) What does the Gemara mean when it says that this group of people are so
severely punished because 'Pashtu Yedeihem bi'Z'vul'? What is 'Z'vul'?
(b) Rav Yitzchak bar Avin describes their faces as being as black as the
base of a pot. Rava is more specific.
Who is included in this group,
according to him?
(a) The Pasuk in Zecharyah writes "ve'Heveisi es ha'Shelishis ba'Eish ... ".
How do we then reconcile this with Beis Hillel, who maintain that Hashem
tips the scales of the Benonim to spare them the anguish of Gehinom?
(b) When are Posh'ei Yisrael be'Gufan released from Gehinom immediately, and
when do they burn there for twelve months?
(c) How does Rava interpret the Pasuk in Tehilim ...
(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Iyov "Lachein Yere'uhu Anashim Lo
Yir'eh Kol Chachmei Leiv"?
- ... "Ahavti, Ki Yishma Hashem, es Koli Tachanunai"?
- ... "Dalosi ve'Li Yehoshi'a"?
(a) According to Beis Hillel, Hashem tips the scales in favor of the
In which one of three ways might He do this?
(b) Does this mean that, according to Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael (the author
of the third reason), that sin is immediately obliterated?
(c) What does Rava learn from the Pasuk in Michah "Nosei Avon ve'Over al
(a) Why was Rav Papa embarrassed to see his colleague Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav
Yehoshua up and about?
Answers to questions
(b) How did Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua reassure him?
(c) Regarding the lesson that we learn from "Nosei Avon ve'Over al Pesha",
when Rebbi Acha bar Chanina said 'Alyah ve'Kotz Bah', he meant that there
are strings attached.
What is the literal meaning of 'Alyah ve'Kotz Bah'?
(d) What are the 'strings'?
(a) The following Pesukim appear self-contradictory. How do we resolve the
apparent contradictions in each of them with one explanation ...
(b) "*va'Ya'avor Hashem* al Panav va'Yikra" (See Agados Maharsha) (Ibid).
How do Chazal Darshen this Pasuk in a way that we would not have dared, had
the Torah not specifically done so?
- ... Tzadik Hashem be'Chol Derachav, ve'Chasid be'Chol Ma'asav" (Tehilim)?
- ... "u'Lecha Hashem ha'Chesed, Ki Ata Teshalem ke'Ish ke'Ma'aseihu" (Ibid)?
- ... "ve'Rav Chesed ve'Emes" (Ki Sisa)?
(c) What did Hashem then say to Moshe?
(a) Why does the Name 'Hashem' appear twice in the thirteen attributes?
(b) What is the significance of the words "Hinei Anochi Kores B'ris" that
immediately follow the thirteen Attributes of Hashem?
(a) What does Rebbi Yochanan learn from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Hashmein Leiv
ha'Am ha'Zeh ... *ve'Shav ve'Rafa Lo"*? How do we know that the Navi is
referring to *after* the decree has been sealed?
(b) How do we reconcile this with the Beraisa which emphatically states that
even if someone who did not do Teshuvah between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kipur
brings numerous offerings, he will not be forgiven (i.e. Hashem's decree
will not be altered)?
(c) And how do we reconcile Rebbi Yochanan with the Beraisa which describes
how, on the one hand, if the people were wicked on Rosh Hashanah, but did
Teshuvah after the final decree has been sealed, then Hashem will direct all
of the little rain that He decreed they would receive just where it is
needed; on the other hand, if they were righteous on Rosh Hashanah, but
retracted from their righteousness after the decree had been sealed, then He
will direct the bountiful rain to fall in the wrong season and in places
where it is not needed?
(a) What is the significance of the back to front 'Nunin' in the Pasuk in
Tehilim, which describes how the sailors at sea (many sailors in many ships
- comprising a community of people) implore Hashem to save them from the
tempestuous sea, and how their prayers are answered?
(b) The Beraisa compares these 'Nunin' to 'Achin' and 'Rakin'.
he mean by that?
(c) How will Rebbi Yochanan (who holds that *communal* prayers are effective
even *after* the decree has been sealed) explain this?
(a) Bluris the convert asked Raban Gamliel how he would reconcile the Pasuk
in Eikev "Asher *Lo Yisa* Fanim" with the Pasuk in Naso "*Yisa* Hashem Panav
Answers to questions
What did Rebbi Yossi ha'Kohen answer her?
(b) How did Rebbi Akiva resolve the contradiction?
(c) How will Rebbi Yochanan explain this Beraisa? Why will Teshuvah not help
even after the decree has been sealed?