POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by R. Nosson Slifkin
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafRosh Hashanah 12
ROSH HASHANAH 12, 13, 14, 15 (3-6 Menachem Av) - dedicated by the wife and
daughters of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga
Feibush) of Queens N.Y. on his upcoming second Yarzeit (7 Av). Well known in
the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will be remembered by all who
9) FURTHER EXPLORING R. ELIEZER AND R. YEHOSHUA
(a) Question: According to R. Yehoshua, it is the second
month in respect to Nisan, the first month; but
according to R. Eliezer, why is it called the second
10) THE NEW YEAR FOR YERAKOS
(b) Answer: It was second to the month in which the decree
(c) Question: According to R. Eliezer, in which way did
Hashem change the order of the world in making Kima rise
by day (when it always rises)?
(d) Answer: Following R. Chisda:
1. (R. Chisda) They sinned with the heat of illicit
(e) The Jewish scholars count years (from creation)
according to the opinion of R. Eliezer and the cycles of
the sun and moon according to the opinion of R.
2. And they were punished with the heat of scalding
waters (which was the change in the order of the
3. This is learned from the identical word (Shaka)
being used to describe the pacification of the
waters, and the pacification of the heat of
(f) The non-Jewish scholars also count years according to
the opinion of R. Yehoshua.
(a) (Tosefta) The first of Tishrei is the new year for
Yerakos, Ma'asros, and Nedarim.
11) MA'ASER YEARS
(b) Question: Since Yerakos refers to Ma'aser Yerek, surely
it is included in Ma'asros!?
(c) Answer: Ma'aser Yerek, which is a d'Rabanan, is listed
separately from other Ma'asros which are d'Oraisa.
1. Question: Why aren't the d'Oraisa items listed
(d) Question: Why didn't the Tosefta list Ma'aser in the
2. Answer: The d'Rabanan law is more dear to the
author and he therefore listed it first.
3. Question: Why didn't the Tana of our Mishnah list
4. Answer: He listed Yerakos which is d'Rabanan, and
all the more so there must be a new year for
Ma'asros which are d'Oraisa.
(e) Answer: It includes both Ma'aser Behemah and Ma'aser
(f) Question: Why didn't the Tosefta list Yerek in the
(g) Answer: There are two types of Yerek:
1. (Mishnah) Vegetables that are sold in bunches are
only liable for Ma'aser once they have been
2. Vegetables that are sold loose are liable for
Ma'aser when a container is filled with them.
(a) (Tosefta) If one harvested vegetables both before and
after sundown on the eve of Rosh Hashanah, Terumah and
Ma'aser may not be taken from one lot to exempt the
12) THE NEW YEAR FOR NEDARIM
1. If it was the second year entering the third, that
of the second requires Ma'aser Rishon and Sheini
while that of the third requires Ma'aser Rishon and
(b) Question: How do we know that there is no Ma'aser Sheini
in the third year?
(c) Answer (R. Yehoshua b. Levi): A Pasuk tells us that in
the third year, only one of the previous two Ma'asros
1. Question: Maybe Ma'aser Rishon shouldn't be given
(d) Another Beraisa derives the law in the same way (as
2. Answer: The Pasuk compares Ma'aser Rishon to
inheritance to teach that there is no interruption
(a) (Tosefta) If a person vows not to receive any benefit
from another for a year, it is counted until the same
calendar date a year later.
13) CALCULATING YEARS FOR CROPS
(b) If he vowed for this year, it finishes on Rosh Hashanah
even if he said it on the last day in Elul.
(c) This would hold according to all, as his goal of making
himself suffer was achieved.
1. Question: Perhaps Nisan should be the new year for
2. Answer: The laws of Nedarim follow the normal use
of words, with which Rosh Hashanah refers to
(a) (Mishnah) The years for the Ma'aser of Tiltan spice are
calculated according to when it sprouts seeds.
(b) The years for the Ma'aser of crops and olives are
calculated from the year when they are one-third ripe.
(c) Question: What is the source for this?
(d) Answer (R. Asi citing R. Yochanan/ citing R. Yosi
haGelili): The Pasuk speaks of Shemitah laws applying in
the Sukos of the following year - it must be referring
to crops which grew their first third during Shemitah.