REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafPesachim 97
(a) Five Chata'os must die (i.e. they are left in a small in a room and left
them to die - Halachah le'Moshe mi'Sinai): the baby of a Chatas, its
Temurah, one whose owner died, one that is found after the owner has been
atoned for by another one and one that became too old. How does Shmuel apply
this principle to Pesach? What is the logical connection between them?
(b) And what happens to a Pesach where the equivalent Chatas is 'Ro'eh'?
(c) What does Rebbi Yochanan say about a Pesach that is found *before* its
replacement has been Shechted (in which case the Chatas must die)?
(a) What does Ro'eh mean?
(b) Resh Lakish says 'Chatas she'Avrah Shenasah, Ro'in Osah Ke'ilu Hi Omedes
be'Veis ha'Kevaros, ve'Ro'eh'?
But is Chatas she'Avrah Shenasah not one of
the Chata'os that has to die?
(c) Why does he compare a Chatas she'Avrah Shenasah to one that is standing
in a grave-yard?
(d) What happens to a Pesach she'Avrah Shenasah, and how does that clash
with Shmuel's principle?
(a) The Gemara therefore restricts Shmuel's principle to only one of the
Answers to questions
(b) But even there, asks the Gemara, his principle is questionable, because,
according to the Chachamim, a Chatas that is found after its replacement has
been designated but not yet brought, goes to graze, whereas a Pesach that is
found after mid-day (according to Rebbi Zeira on the previous Amud - but
before the Shechitah of the replacement) is brought as a Shelamim? How do
we answer this question?
How do we then account for the fact that,
according to Rebbi, *every* lost Chatas dies, whereas a Pesach that is found
before mid-day, grazes?
(c) What is the connection between this Din and Rava's statement regarding a
Chatas that was lost at night-time?
(a) According to Rebbi (who says that even a lost Chatas that is found
before its replacement was brought, must die) when does a Chatas graze?
(b) Why does this pose a Kashya on Shmuel's principle?
(a) The Gemara concludes that Shmuel holds like Rebbi Shimon.
Rebbi Shimon say (with regard to the five Chata'os that must die)?
(b) Since Shmuel is anyway confined to a Pesach she'Kipru Ba'leha, why are
we forced to establish Shmuel like him, as opposed to Rebbi and the
(c) Seeing as according to Rebbi Shimon, a Chatas never grazes, how does one
then account for Shmuel's second statement - that whatever grazes by a
Chatas, also grazes by a Pesach?
(d) The Tana of our Mishnah has already informed us that any Pesach found
after mid-day (according to Rebbi Zeira) is brought as a Shelamim, in which
case, Shmuel's Din appears to be obvious. In fact, the Gemara explains, he
is coming to argue with Rebbi Yochanan.
What does Rebbi Yochanan say? In
which case do they argue?
(a) We still restrict Shmuel to the case of a Pesach that is lost (not to
all five cases of Chata'os ha'Meisos).
What happens to a female lamb or to a male lamb that is more than one year
old, and that was designated as a Pesach?
Why can he not be referring to a
Pesach whose owner died?
(b) What other reason forces us to establish Shmuel specifically by a Pesach
that got lost?
(a) If the owner of the Pesach dies (we will soon see exactly when), his
children cannot bring their father's Pesach - as a Pesach.
Answers to questions
(b) What then do they do with it?
(c) Under which circumstances will the children actually be permitted to
bring it as a Pesach?