REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafPesachim 37
(a) Initially, the Gemara interprets the Beraisa ('Ein Ofin Pas Avah') to
mean that Beis Hillel permit Matzah a Tefach thick, Beis Shamai forbid it.
What is Beis Hillel's source?
(b) Does Beis Hillel permit Matzah more than a Tefach thick?
(c) The Gemara however, rejects this interpretation of 'Pas Avah', because
one cannot compare ordinary people to the Kohanim, who were 'Zerizin', and
because the dough was particularly well-kneaded.
Which other three
distinctions does the Gemara cite (one to do with the wood, and two, with
the oven) that distinguished the Matzah in the Beis-Hamikdash from our
(d) Who is meant by 'Rebbi', when referred to ...
- ... by Rav Yirmiyah bar Aba?
- ... by Rav?
(a) How does the Gemara therefore re-interpret 'Pas Avah' and why do Beis
Shamai forbid it?
The Beraisa permits Pas Neki'ah and Pas Hadra'ah.
(b) Why do they argue specifically by Pesach?
What is ...
- ... Pas Neki'ah?
- ... Pas Hadra'ah?
(a) One is Yotze with Sarikin ha'Metzuyarin, though initially, it is
forbidden to bake them on Pesach.
What are 'Sarikin ha'Metzuyarin', and
why is it forbidden?
(b) On what grounds did the Chachamim disagree with Baytus ben Zonin, who
maintained that as long as one made them quickly, they should be permitted?
(c) Raban Gamliel served Sarikin ha'Metzuyarin on Pesach.
explained to his son, Rebbi Elazar, that Chazal only forbade those that were
baked by the bakers, but not if they were baked by private individuals.
Why is that, and what is the Gemara's alternative explanation?
(d) What compromise did Rebbi Yossi make with regard to Sarikin
(a) Sponge and honey cakes that are made with a soft dough and Chalas
ha'Maseres are Patur from Chalah. Resh Lakish attributes this to the fact
that they are baked, not in an oven, but on a pan.
What does Rebbi
(b) Meduma is also Patur from Chalah.
What is Meduma, and why is it Patur?
(c) How does Resh Lakish explain the Beraisa 'ha'Sufganin ... As'an
be'Ilfas, Chayavin, be'Chamah Peturin', which appears to support Rebbi
(a) 'Yotz'in be'Matzah Hina'. What is 'Matzah Hina'?
Answers to questions
(b) Rava said 've'Chen Lachmei Todah'.
But is it not obvious that what is
called 'Lechem" with regard to one, is also called "Lechem" with regard to
(a) Beis Shamai exempts a Me'isah-dough from Chalah, Beis Hillel obligates
it. The Tana reverses their opinions by a Chalitah-dough.
What is the
technical difference between the two?
(b) Is there any reason to draw a distinction between the two?
If not, why
should Beis Hillel and Beis Shamai switch their opinions from one to the
(c) What compromise do the Chachamim in the Beraisa make?
(d) In face of this, how does Rebbi Yochanan justify his opinion, which
considers dough that is baked in a pan to be bread?
(a) Rebbi Yochanan learns that the Tana Kama of another Beraisa, who exempts
a Me'isah-dough from Chalah, nevertheless obligates a dough that was baked
in a pan..
What is the difference between the two doughs?
(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah hold?
(c) Alternatively, even the Tana Kama will agree that a dough baked in a pan
is Patur from Chalah (like Resh Lakish).
Then what is their Machlokes?
(d) How will we now explain Rebbi Yehudah's statement 'Ein Lechem Ela
(a) Rabah asked Rebbi Zeira to ask Ula whether, if the bread was stuck to
the inside of the pan, which was then heated from the outside, there was a
Chiyuv Chalah? What was Rebbi Zeira's reply?
Answers to questions
(b) And what did he reply when Rav Yosef asked him to ask Ula whether there
would be a Chiyuv Chalah if they directed the flame directly on to the dough
that was lying in the pan?