POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafPesachim 110
1) THE DANGERS OF PAIRS
(a) Question: A new decision to have relations should separate them,
and not create a pair?!
2) THE DEMONS REPORT
(b) Answer: The Bereisa means that after eating or drinking in pairs
one should not have relations (at all), due to the danger.
(c) [R. Yehudah] The danger of pairs is only if the person does not
interrupt [e.g. sees the marketplace] in between.
(d) R. Ashi reported that R. Chazina b. Bivi would step out to the
market between each cup.
1. This is only if he intends to travel afterwards, not to
(e) Question: But there *is* a concern even if he remains at home!?
2. Going to sleep is like the intent to travel.
3. Going to the outhouse is like travelling.
1. Rava kept count of his drinks with the beams of his house.
(f) Answer: Important people are different (at more risk).
2. Abaye's step-mother would monitor his cups (even at home).
3. R. Nachman b. Yitzhok's attendant would do so, as well.
(g) [Ula] All pairs are dangerous except ten.
1. He is consistent with his ruling elsewhere:
2. Ten cups were instituted in the house of mourning.
3. This clearly indicates that ten is not dangerous.
4. Eight cups are, however, dangerous.
5. R. Chisda and Rabah b. R. Huna maintain that Shalom (the 7th
word in Birkas Kohanim) adds only good, however, *six* are
6. Rabah and R. Yosef maintain that Vichuneka (the 5th word)
only good, however *four* are dangerous pairs.
7. Abaye and Rava maintain the Veyishmirecha (the 3rd word) adds
8. Rava would serve pairs of drinks to his students, and did not
attribute a weakness of one of his students to pairs.
(a) The Shed Yosef [as reported by R. Yosef] said that Ashmedai, the
king of the Shedim is appointed over pairs.
1. One explanation: A king is not a menace, and the concern is
(b) The Shed Yosef also gave the following report [R. Papa]:
2. Another explanation: A king is worse, given his being quick-
tempered and free to penetrate any barrier.
1. We kill over two, but not over four.
(c) Ameimar reported having learned a formula for (cursing them and
thus) protecting oneself from sorceresses.
2. We injure over four.
3. Over two, it is whether it was intentional or accidental.
4. Over four, only if it was intentional.
5. A person who ate pairs and then travels may protect himself.
(i) He places each thumb into the opposing hand, and
announces that he is now three.
(ii) If he hears a retort that he is an even number, he must
immediately respond that he is the next odd number.
(iii) This once happened and it went to 101 before the
(d) In Eretz Yisrael they were not particular about pairs.
(e) R. Dimi (of Neharda'a) was particular even regarding purchasing an
even-numbered barrel; he once had such a barrel and it burst.
(f) The principle is that excessive concern breeds problems, and those
who are not concerned are not disturbed. (One should, however,
(a) Two eggs, two nuts, two cucumbers and two of some other food are
Halachah l'Moshe m'Sinai.
(b) Owing to their doubt over what the "other" is, the Rabbis forbade
(c) That which was reported (above) that 10, 8, 6, and 4 are not
considered pairs only relates to Mazikim, not to Keshafim, but
Keshafim are a problem even beyond ten.
(d) In the cited incident, a man was subject to Keshafim even by 16.
(e) [A. Avira] Plates and loaves are not subject to pairs.
(f) The principle is that which is man-made is not subject to pairs,
while that which is Heaven-made (such as foods) is.
(g) Stores do not add to pairs (two explanations in Rashbam).
(h) If one has decided to stop, and subsequently decides to resume,
there is no pairs.
(i) A guest is not subject to pairs.
(j) A woman (at her husbands table) is not subject to pairs, but if
is an important woman we take heed.
(k) Asparagus (wine) adds good (to make an odd number) but not evil.
(l) In a matter of doubt over pairs, some say to be stringent (and
drink another cup), others say to be lenient.
(m) Two cups of wine and one of beer do not combine, however two of
beer and (then) one of wine combine. (A mnemonic is brought from a
Mishnah in Keilim.)
(n) [R. Nachman citing Rav] A cup within the meal adds to two cups
prior to the meal to create an odd number, but two cups within the
meal do not add to one prior, and remain an even number.
(o) Question [R. Mesharshiya]: Look at the person, not the meal!?
1. Even R. Mesharshiya would agree that cups *after* the meal do
not add to the number during the meal.
2. This is based on the incident of Rabah b. Nachmani (Bava
Metzia 86a where the table had to be re-set before the person
in order for the additional cup to help him).